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Kulehull i pianoet. Laboratory Science Case Studies. Et essay om musikken pa Utoya om fellesskap og om nye farger. Frank Havroy. 1 Kulehull i pianoet Et essay om musikken på Utøya om fellesskap og om nye farger Frank Havrøy Vi bestemmer oss for myeconlab macroeconomics å synge Bysjan, bysjan lite bån som ekstranummer. Laboratory Case Studies. Den kan passe. Konserten er ferdig, vi har sunget oss gjennom et program med klagesanger og menneskelig lidelse. Parent Essay. Det har vært en forferdelig påkjenning, mobiltelefonene våre ligger i garderoben og gløder av meldinger som tikker inn i ett sett, den ene meldingen mer uutholdelig enn den forrige. Medical Laboratory Science Case Studies. Vi står ute i sakristiet et lite øyeblikk, puster ut og går inn i kirkeskipet igjen. Technology Happiness. Jeg sier et par ord, ord jeg har glemt i det samme øyeblikk jeg har sagt dem.

Ord som har problemer med å passere svelget og tungen. Medical Laboratory Science. Publikum er stille. Of Men Essay. Alle vi seks sangerne i Nordic Voices plasserer oss rundt dem og begynner å synge denne norske vuggevisen. Medical Laboratory Case. Vi omkranser vårt tyske publikum med overtonesang, naturtoner og norske ord om trøst og hvile. Technology. Våre ansikter er hovne, men vi synger. Case. Vi synger og er ett med publikum. Stanford High. I denne situasjonen er vi ikke lenger artister og publikum er ikke lenger publikum. De er sammen med oss i denne stunden, vi er sammen med dem, og båndet mellom oss er sangen. Laboratory Science Case Studies. J eg lukker øynene et øyeblikk. Today. Jeg har vært med på dette før.

Jeg har sunget om trøst og hvile og sett publikum smelte foran mine øyne. Science. Det kunne ha vært innbilning den gangen for macroeconomics homework mange år siden, men det var noe som skjedde der jeg sto med gitaren rundt halsen og sang meg gjennom Night Vision av Suzanne Vega. Medical. Det var et av disse øyeblikkene som for academic alltid skulle forme meg som musiker, en av de første gangene jeg med sikkerhet kan si at jeg følte at jeg og publikum var ett. De var slitne, slitne etter en uke med politiske diskusjoner, teltliv, regnvær, sene kvelder i kafeen med kortspill MUSIKK ETTER 22. JULI SKRIFTSERIE FRA SENTER FOR MUSIKK OG HELSE, VOL 7 NMH-PUBLIKASJONER 2014:5, SIDE 11 23. 2 frank havrøy og sang, alltid sang, nye vennskap, tapt kjærlighet, vunnet kjærlighet, og musikk.

Alltid musikk. Laboratory Case Studies. Og der var det jeg sto og traff en nerve hos mitt publikum. Macroeconomics Homework Answers. I kafeen på Utøya. Medical Laboratory. Men nå er jeg her. Myeconlab Macroeconomics Answers. I Tyskland. 1 Og jeg tenker at science case det går en lang linje fra musikeren som hadde sin spede karrièrestart i kafébygget på Utøya til musikeren som avslutter konserten han aldri kommer til å glemme. Det var på Utøya jeg for alvor fikk en scene og et publikum, et publikum som lot oss som kom dit med gitarer og et spedt repertoar få muligheten til å gi av oss selv og eksperimentere med våre egne musikalske krefter.

Utøya var teltliv, politikk, vennskap, kortspill i kafeen, fotballturneringer, Nakenodden (der jeg aldri helt turte å foreslå å skulle gå med noen), kjærlighet som kom og gikk og kom igjen (men for academic paper title page det meste gikk den), sentralstyrets underholdning, kursene, debattene. Medical Studies. Og musikk. Research Page. Alltid musikk. Sang og musikk. Til enhver anledning. Rundt bålene, i kafeen, ved ethvert arrangement, i Bakken, når Gro Harlem Brundtland kom, når Jens Stoltenberg talte, når kulturkursene presenterte sine produksjoner ved slutten av uka. Laboratory Science Studies. Alltid sang, alltid musikk. Det var allsang: dette felles språket vi alle hadde. Stanford School Requirements. Vi er auf ere. Case Studies. Jeg kan fremdeles synge sangen, selv om det har gått over 25 år siden jeg sang den sist. Children Questions. I siste vers reiste vi oss, tok hverandre i hendene og sang den litt stolprete lyrikken der hender og venner selvsagt rimte.

Alle var med, alle sang og ingen var i tvil om hvor de hørte hjemme. Medical Laboratory Science Case Studies. Selv våre fiender i Unge Høyre kunne til en viss grad av og til innrømme at de var misunnelige på sangen vår og det fellesskapet den bygget opp. Technology Happiness. Mine minner fra Utøya er sentrert rundt musikk. Det var musikken som dro meg ut dit, år etter år. Medical Case. Musikken som tonsatte alt som skjedde der. Vi visste ikke alltid hvem som skulle tale, ei heller hva som skulle debatteres, men vi visste at det kom til å bli sang og allsang. Parent Essay. Det var noe besnærende med denne allsangen. Case Studies. Jeg kunne treffe på et menneske jeg aldri hadde møtt før, men i sangen fant vi en aktivitet vi kunne dele, en aktivitet vi begge kunne, der vi kjente reglene. Sangen bandt oss sammen i et fellesskap.

Der lå mine sterkeste minner fra Utøya, og jeg skjønte det der jeg sto og sang i Tyskland, på en kveld som var så svart som kvelder kan få blitt. Men disse var mine minner. Essays Today. Var det slik at medical science case andre hadde musikalske minner fra Utøya som stemte overens med mine? Hvilken musikk var det som 1 Konserten det her er referert til var med vokalensemblet Nordic Voices i Evangelische Stadtkirche i Roth, Tyskland. Myeconlab Macroeconomics Answers. 12. 3 kulehull i pianoet dannet lydsporet til vår tilstedeværelse der, hvilken funksjon hadde den og hvorfor er det slik at laboratory science case studies mennesker som søker sammen så ofte synger sammen? Lydspor fra Utøya I løpet av min tid i AUF hadde organisasjonen to today, ledere. Science Studies. Den ene var Turid Birkeland, den andre var Jens Stoltenberg. Jeg bestemte meg for of men å intervjue dem 2 for medical laboratory studies å finne ut noe om deres forhold til musikken på Utøya.

Hvordan stilte de seg til de spørsmålene jeg hadde stilt meg selv om musikkens plass, om lydsporet til aktivitetene på Utøya? På spørsmål til Jens Stoltenberg om hva slags forhold han hadde til musikken på Utøya, svarer han: Mitt forhold til musikk på Utøya er allsang rundt bålet, hvor lyden fra sangen og gitarspillet blandes med bålets knitring. For meg fremstår dette som et ganske romantisk minne, men også et minne som stemmer godt overens med mitt eget. Today. Det sier noe om stemningen, en atmosfære som musikken bygger opp under. Laboratory Science. Og så er det allsang. Single Parent Adoption Essay. Jens sitt minne om musikken er mennesker som synger sammen. Turid Birkeland 3 sin inngang til AUF var på mange måter musikken. Science Studies. Noe av det første hun gjorde var å være med i en av de mange visegruppene AUF huset. On Racism Today. Hun sier om musikken at: for meg er ikke noen av de sterkeste minnene fra Utøya de såkalte politiske verkstedene eller de politiske debattene i Bakken 4, men det er faktisk musikken.

Når man tenker over medical science case studies de sakene som stod sentralt i den politiske hverdagen på Utøya, som for myeconlab answers eksempel EU-kampen, så finner jeg hennes minne nesten oppsiktsvekkende. Samtidig beskriver Turid Birkeland, som Jens Stoltenberg, musikken som stemningsskaper: Hva er det som skaper stemningen på Utøya? Det er allsangen, og så er det de som sitter med gitar rundt bålene, og så er det kafeen hvor den ene etter 2 Denne teksten er blant annet basert på intervjuer med Turid Birkeland, Jens Stoltenberg og Renate Tårnes. Laboratory Studies. 3 Turid Birkeland, tidligere leder av AUF, stortingsrepresentant for single adoption Arbeiderpartiet, og kulturminister Bakken på Utøya er den store uteplassen fra hovedhuset og opp mot kafébygget. Denne bakken er det stedet der blant annet Arbeiderpartiets ledere i alle år har kommet for medical laboratory science case studies å tale til leirdeltakerne. Essays Today. 13. 4 frank havrøy den andre kom opp og sang. Jeg husker Monica fra Vestfold som sang.

Jeg kan huske enkeltpersoner. Det er musikk som tonefølge til menneskelige møter, og det er allsangen. Science. Det stemningsskapende er i musikken rundt bålene, i kafeen, det er musikk som forsterkende element i det sosiale. Academic Paper Page. Turid Birkeland innrømmer at medical laboratory science case studies det kanskje er romantiserte minner, men hun beskriver også hvordan musikken var til stede nærmest ved alt som skjedde på øya: I enhver fylkesleir med respekt for essay questions seg selv, så var det en som satt og spilte gitar. Bolsjevika ville ikke vært Bolsjevika om det ikke hadde en som satt og spilte gitar, helst to. Science. Selv de politiske møtene Det var jo ikke en debatt som ikke ble åpnet av allsang i bakken, ikke sant? Og vi hadde, i hvert fall i min tid, mange kulturverksteder i tillegg. Essay Questions. Det vet jeg at medical laboratory science det ikke alltid har vært, men i de årene jeg holdt på, så var det det alltid. Essay. Folk som kom inn og holdt teater- og musikkverksted, enten det var Trygve Hoff eller det var Tramteater-folk.

Turid Birkeland har alltid vært en politiker som har vært opptatt av kultur. Under hennes ledertid i AUF stod kulturen spesielt sterkt, noe som blant annet kunne ses i de mange organiserte kulturaktivitetene som ble gjennomført på leirene i hennes lederperiode. Laboratory. Men samtidig forteller hun også om spontane musikalske aktiviteter som utgjorde en felles plattform og et lydspor til alt det andre som foregikk på øya. Nå er Turid Birkeland og Jens Stoltenberg, sammen med meg, representanter for 80-tallets generasjon på Utøya. Today. Men også den generasjonen som var der i 2011, var opptatt av musikken.

I tiden etter 2011 ble jeg oppmerksom på et filmopptak av Gro Harlem Brundtlands tale den 22. Laboratory Science Studies. juli. Happiness. Før hun gikk på talerstolen, ledet Renate Tårnes publikum i allsang. Medical Laboratory Science Case. Da jeg så henne, tenkte jeg med en gang at essay questions hun hadde overtatt min rolle. Nå var det hun som sto foran og var trubadur, nå var det hun som ledet an laboratory science case studies allsangen. Adoption. Hadde det skjedd en forandring siden Turid Birkelands, Jens Stoltenbergs og min tid? På spørsmål om hvilken rolle musikken spilte på Utøya i 2011, svarte Renate Tårnes: 5 Musikken spilte en stor rolle, slik jeg tror den spiller en stor rolle i alle slags sammenhenger. Vi bruker sangen til å si et budskap, til å skape god stemning og ikke minst til å skape en fellesskapsfølelse. Medical Case. Sånn tror jeg det har vært lenge, og slik er det ennå. Children Essay. 5 Renate Tårnes (f. Case. 1989), fra Bjugn, er tidligere leder av Sør-Trøndelag AUF og nåværende representant i Bjugn kommunestyre og i Sør-Trøndelag fylkesting.

14. 5 kulehull i pianoet Ifølge Renate Tårnes var musikken høyst viktig også i 2011, den var til stede, slik den var på 80-tallet, ved arrangementene, når hun, som hun sier var oppvarmer for publikum eller ledet dem i allsang. Children Essay. Renate Tårnes trekker også fram musikken på Utøya som fellesskapbygger, et lydspor som var til stede under enhver aktivitet. Medical Science. Hva slags musikk var det som utgjorde dette lydsporet? Både Turid Birkeland, Jens Stoltenberg og Renate Tårnes trekker fram allsangen, med andre ord de sangene som utgjør allsangtradisjonen i arbeiderbevegelsen. Children Of Men Essay. Men det var også, som Turid Birkeland sier, visetradisjonen som deltakerne på leiren på mange måter hadde arvet fra foreldrene sine.

Det var sanger som Kjærlighetsvisa (Halvdan Sivertsen) og You ve got a friend (Carole King), eller Postgirobyggets Idyll, sangen som Renate Tårnes sang fra scenen bare timer før angrepet. Medical Laboratory Science. Alle sangene er forholdsvis enkle å spille, enkle å improvisere andre- og tredjestemmer til, og enkle å få andre til å synge med på. Children Essay Questions. Det er to funksjoner musikken hadde, og som de alle tre understreker: Det er musikken som stemningsskaper og det er musikken som fellesskapbygger. Hvorfor sang og hvorfor synge sammen? Under minnekonserten i Oslo Domkirke 30. Laboratory Case Studies. juli 2011 introduserte Hilde Hummelvoll 6 sangen Til ungdommen 7 (Nordahl Grieg / Otto Mortensen) med å fortelle historien om ungdommene som svømte fra øya og som brukte sangen for stanford high å finne styrke for å komme seg til fastlandet. Studies. Tyrifjorden er lumsk, med sterke strømmer og en temperatur som aldri kommer opp på et behagelig nivå, i hvert fall ikke for en såpass lang svømmetur som denne. Men historien 8 til disse ungdommene handlet om hvordan de fant styrke i å søke sammen i denne sangen. Academic Paper Title. Det var en overlevelsesstrategi, og det var sangen som ble verktøyet.

En sang som så til de grader representerer den allsangtradisjonen som var rotfestet i arbeiderbevegelsen og på Utøya. På mange måter likner denne historien på Jon Roar Bjørkvolds innledning til boken Det musiske mennesket, der han forteller om sin egen historie om 6 Opptak av hennes introduksjon kan for eksempel finnes her: watch?v=d18fhlav3ua ( ) 7 Se sangtekster bakerst i boka. Case Studies. 8 Tønsberg Blad , nettutgaven: ( ) 15. 6 frank havrøy båtturen i storm som nesten gikk aldeles galt, men der hans datters sang ga ham tilgang til en egen styrke han ikke visste han hadde (Bjørkvold, 2007). Bjørkvolds bok handler om hvordan musikk utløser større krefter i oss, for eksempel i møte med naturkrefter om bord i en liten båt, eller på svøm fra overhengende fare. Children Essay. At mennesker søker sammen for science studies å synge sammen, er godt dokumentert. Answers. Det er anslått at medical science case studies cirka mennesker synger i kor i Norge 9, noe som i tilfelle gjør korbevegelsen til en av de større kulturinstitusjonene i Norge.

Anne Haugland Balsnes (2009) forteller i sin doktoravhandling om hvordan hennes kormedlemmer i Belcanto former sin identitet gjennom å synge og musisere sammen i et fellesskap og derved skaper sterke mellommenneskelige relasjoner. School. Man kan selvsagt argumentere for at medical science case man vel så raskt kan bygge slike relasjoner i et fotballag, men det er altså noe med å bruke stemmen som gir noe spesielt. Academic Paper Title. Allerede på fosterstadiet kan vi se hvordan barnet reagerer på mors stemme ved at hjerteaktiviteten går betydelig ned etter at moren har sunget for medical laboratory science studies det (Myskja 1999, s. Of Men Essay Questions. 37). Laboratory Case. Bradley (2009) hevder at også 9 måneder gamle mennesker er i stand til å koordinere en vokal musikalsk aktivitet (Bradley 2009, s. Research Paper Title. 277). Medical Case Studies. Slike koordinasjonsprosesser finner vi også i kor. Children Of Men Essay Questions. Müller og Lindenberger (2011) har vist at både pust og hjertets aktivitet synkroniseres når mennesker synger sammen, og at medical laboratory case resultatene faktisk var klarest når forsøkspersonene sang unisont, altså som en allsang (Müller Lindeberger, 2011, s. Single Essay. 1). Science Studies. Stemmen er en bærer av emosjoner, en av de kanaler der vi kommuniserer våre følelser til omverdenen. Happiness Essay. Alle mennesker er født med en trang og en evne til å forstå sin nestes lyder av skiftende følelser (Powers Trevarthen, 2009, s. Medical Laboratory. 232). Happiness Essay. Det er nok ikke veldig dristig å foreslå at en slik trang og evne til å forstå andre mennesker også er sentral for laboratory case studies vår overlevelse som art. I det hele tatt, å synge sammen har mange dokumenterte positive effekter, og det virker som om mennesker oppsøker unisone situasjoner helt spontant.

I en guide kalt Singing and of men essay, Mental Health (2012) gjennomgår en gruppe forskere fra Canterbury Christ Church University en rekke studier og forskningsresultater som underbygger påstandene om at case studies synging kan være velgjørende for stanford high school requirements menneskers mentale helse. Medical Laboratory Science Case Studies. De oppsummerer med at essays on racism today sang i grupper kan generere positive følelser, skape grobunn for laboratory case studies gode 9 Tallet er et anslag gjort i sin tid av Norges Korforbund, basert på Statistisk sentralbyrå sin undersøkelse Norsk kulturbarometer 2008 (se litteraturliste). Technology. 16. 7 kulehull i pianoet forventninger, gi et bedre selvbilde, øke mestringsfølelse, samt skape sosiale nettverk og struktur (Morrison Clift 2012, s. Medical Science Case. 8). Title Page. Det er med andre ord godt dokumentert at sang er nærliggende for medical case studies oss mennesker å bruke når vi vil oppnå fellesskapsfølelse med våre medmennesker og også for å rett og slett føle oss bedre. Paper Page. Samtidig er sang en aktivitet vi alle kan bidra til. Laboratory Science Studies. Instrumentet ligger der for single adoption hånden.

Vi trenger ikke lang trening i å synge unisont med andre, spesielt når målet ikke er skjønnsang, men kanskje heller handler om å vise fram en inkluderende kollektivitet. Medical Laboratory Case. Som Turid Birkeland forteller da jeg spurte henne om hvorfor sangen og det å bruke stemmen sammen blir så sentralt for parent adoption essay fellesskapet, slik som på Utøya: Hva skal vi ellers gripe til? [ ] Hva annet har vi som tusen mennesker kan gjøre samtidig? Det er ut i fra erkjennelsen av sang som fellesskapbygger og sangens funksjon som velgjører at laboratory science studies arbeiderbevegelsens allsangtradisjon vokser fram. On Racism. Det er også allsangtradisjonen som står sentralt når vi skal prøve å si noe om musikken på Utøya. Laboratory. Allsang for fellesskapet Allsangtradisjonen er sterk i arbeiderbevegelsen. Happiness Essay. Den er til stede på stort sett ethvert arrangement, fra små medlemsmøter til store markeringer. Laboratory Science. Men allsangen, altså den unisone sangen, er ikke noe fenomen som kun tilhører arbeiderbevegelsen.

I religiøse organisasjoner står allsangen også sterkt, den skaper et bånd mellom menneskene, på lik linje med sangen på et møte i Arbeiderpartiet eller LO. Essay. Det finnes teorier om at laboratory studies til og med grupper av neandertalere brukte en slags sang som et middel for children of men essay questions å styrke gruppetilhørigheten, markere revir og som kommunikasjonsmiddel for eksempel i jakt (Hagen Hammerstein 2009, s. Laboratory Studies. 312). John Potter nevner i sin bok Vocal Authority at stanford Homer og Athenaeus skriver om sanger som ble sunget av arbeidere (Potter, 1998, s. 6). Derfra går det en lang linje av kollektiv sang fram til i dag. Vi vet at medical science case studies bondehærene sang sammen da bøndene reiste seg mot adelen under bondekrigene i Tyskland i (Kjeldstadli, 2013, s. Technology Happiness Essay. 8) og at laboratory studies korsangen i Frankrike fikk et kraftig oppsving etter revolusjonen i 1789 (Lysdahl, 1995, s. On Racism. 176). Medical Laboratory Case. En av de mest kjente sangene som brukes i arbeiderbevegelsen, Din tanke er fri (oversatt av Alf Cranner fra Die Gedanken sind frei), finnes i tidlige versjoner som i 17. 8 frank havrøy sangboken Lieder der Brienzer Mädchen, trykket i Bern mellom 1810 og Allsang, det å synge sammen, har med andre ord vært brukt av mennesker helt siden de først befolket jorden og frem til i dag. On Racism Today. Det å gjøre musikk sammen, er viktig for oss fordi musikken på mange måter ikke er et objekt vi observerer, men en aktivitet vi deltar i. Christopher Small introduserte begrepet to science, music, og mener med det at children of men essay questions alle som involveres i en musikalsk prosess, gjør det han kaller musicking (Small, 1998, s. Science Studies. 50), med andre ord er musikken ikke et objekt, men en prosess i oss og mellom oss. Musikken blir dermed viktig for high requirements vår eksistens, eller som Balsnes trekker fram, at laboratory studies ved å delta i musikk spiller vi på våre relasjoner til hverandre og verden og får en følelse av hvordan verden er og hvordan man forholder seg til den (Balsnes, 2009, s. 288).

Det er en sosialisering som løper gjennom all musikalsk aktivitet; det er en aktivitet som også er grunnleggende sosial. Technology. Selv om musikk ikke nødvendigvis er den eneste aktiviteten som binder folk sammen, så er ofte sosialt samhold et vanlig resultat av den (Finnegan, 1989, s. 329). Laboratory Science Case Studies. Musikalsk aktivitet er sterkt knyttet opp mot utviklingen av identitet. Det er ikke tilfeldig at single man på Utøya blant annet finner innslag av visetradisjonen, kampsangene og de sosialt engasjerte tekstene. Det er nok heller ikke tilfeldig at laboratory science studies jeg aldri kan huske å ha hørt en klassisk konsert på Utøya noen gang. Essays. Musikken kan virke som et speil på hvordan vi ser oss selv, som om vi finner oss selv bekreftet i musikken (DeNora, 2000, s. Medical Laboratory Science. 68), men samtidig konstruerer vi vår identitet gjennom musikken vi oppsøker og opplever. Parent. Vi former vår identitet sammen med andre ved at laboratory science studies vi lar musikkvalget danne inngangen til et større symbolsk verdifellesskap. Academic Research Title Page. Når dermed Utøyas musikk i sjangre dreier seg om visetradisjon, kampsang og sosialt engasjerte sangtekster, så blir disse musikalske valgene et speil som forteller om en identitet der sosialt engasjement er viktig, men der også avstand til borgerskapet står sentralt.

Musikken speiler en identitet som sier at man engasjerer seg for medical laboratory studies verdier som symboliserer fellesskap mer enn egoisme. Den første linjen i Vi er Auf ere, er ganske talende i så måte: Skal vi ha kaffe, wienerbrød og egoisme? Nei, røde faner, sang og sosialisme! Ved å avvise kaffe, wienerbrød og egoisme, som jo lett kan assosieres med borgerlige verdier, er det kanskje ikke så rart at den klassiske musikken ikke hørte hjemme på Utøya, og at stanford high requirements musikken dermed speiler en identitet 18. 9 kulehull i pianoet som handler om fellesskap, et fellesskap som kommer til uttrykk gjennom allsangen. Allsang binder mennesker sammen, den skaper et bånd mellom dem. Medical. Det er som Turid Birkeland sier: menneskene i organisasjonen kunne krangle så busta føyk i det ene øyeblikket, men deretter reise seg opp, holde naboens hender høyt i været og synge Stein Ove Bergs Ta hverandre i handa og hold av full hals. Essays. En slik musikalsk handling fungerte nærmest som en konfliktdemper. Samtidig er det tydelig at medical laboratory science case studies sangen har et budskap.

Allsangen i arbeiderbevegelsen springer ut fra arbeiderbevegelsens tankegods rundt det kollektive, der solidaritet er det store etiske ankeret (Kokkvold, 1981, s. 14). I motsetning til borgerskapets individfokus, ble det kollektive dyrket. Essay. Tilbake står fellesskapet, og tanken om allsang som møtested for medical case å skape et fellesskap. Samtidig skal det jo også sies at myeconlab macroeconomics homework tanken om å viske ut det individuelle og å dyrke det kollektive, har vært utviklet til det ekstreme og utgjort tankegods som også har representert mørke samfunnskrefter. Allsang har vært ett av elementene som har vært brukt for medical laboratory science både å oppildne og indoktrinere mennesker. Men, allsangen og den felles sangtradisjonen som er i arbeiderbevegelsen og som preget Utøya, bærer med seg en aktivitet som alle kan delta i. Reglene er enkle, sangene bærer ikke med seg store estetiske krav, og alle bidrar med de kreftene de har. Today. En allsangaktivitet bærer også med seg en form for medical science studies eksklusivitet. Technology Essay. Det er sanger som i utgangspunktet kun de innvidde kan, og aktiviteten innebærer regler for laboratory science case fremføringen som utenforstående til en viss grad ikke har tilgang til. På den måten styrker den også båndene til de som er innenfor. High Requirements. Sangen på Utøya fellesskap, stemningsskaper og fortrøstning I 2010 deltok jeg på min siste organiserte samling på Utøya.

Sammen med mitt gamle kor fra AUF-tiden var jeg til stede under Veterantreffet som ble arrangert i forbindelse med 60-årsjubileet for overrekkelsen av Utøya fra fagbevegelsen til AUF. Science Case. Etter vår opptreden, sa Jens Stoltenberg: 19. 10 frank havrøy Jeg talte her i dag, og mange andre talte her i dag om alle minnene vi har, om vennskap og tilhørigheten vi har til Utøya. Research Title Page. Men jeg er redd for at medical laboratory science case studies det ikke er mine taler folk husker. Essay. De husker ikke noen ting av hva jeg sa.

Men de husker sangene dere sang. Medical Science Studies. Rytmene og følelsene de utløste. Så sangen dere formidlet til oss i dag er en viktig del av vår felles identitet (Moen Giske, 2012, s. 238) På mange måter sier Jens Stoltenberg noe av det samme som Turid Birkeland, at happiness essay det er atmosfæren og musikken som sitter sterkest igjen i minnet. Han er også tydelig på å understreke Utøya som politisk verksted, slik han sa det i NRK-dokumentaren Historien om en øy: Man kan bare forstå Utøya som et politisk sted, en politisk skolering og et sted der mennesker møtes, der det blir et fellesskap og der det menneskelige flyter sammen med det politiske. Laboratory Science Case Studies. Det er ikke vanskelig å oppfatte musikken som en del av det Jens Stoltenberg kaller det menneskelige. Today. Både Turid Birkeland, Jens Stoltenberg og Renate Tårnes beskriver musikken på Utøya som en fellesskapbygger og stemningsskaper, enten den nå spilte sin rolle i allsangen, som kollektiv hukommelse eller som lydspor til samling rundt bålet i leirene eller ved stranden i Bolsjevika.

Det var allsangen, det var visetradisjonen, det var, som Turid Birkeland sier det, Dylan og Sivertsen, eller, som i 2011, Postgirobygget. Medical Science Studies. Alle disse sangene som lot seg synge med enkle gitargrep og unge stemmer. Essays On Racism Today. Moen og Giske skriver (ibid., s. 204): Utøya har alltid hatt sine egne gitarhelter. Hver generasjon vil huske den eller de som enten fikk eller tok rollen som entertainer ved leirbålet, som ledet allsangen i Kafébygget og nederst i bakken. Medical Laboratory Studies. Selv var jeg en av disse. Jeg var ingen retoriker, ingen politikerspire. Single. For meg var det musikken på Utøya som lokket. Case. For meg var det sjansen til å komme til et sted der jeg ble lyttet til som musiker, et sted der jeg fikk sjansen til å prøve ut mine egne krefter sammen med andre, og samtidig et sted der jeg fikk spille ut mitt beste sjekketriks med gitar på kneet rundt et leirbål.

Det var allsang, det var viser, det var en åpenhet for today de som ville prøve seg som musikere for science et velvillig og lyttende publikum. Academic Paper Title. Utøya var et bevis på at medical laboratory case studies mennesker søker sammen i sang, et sted der sangen fungerte som et bånd mellom mennesker fra vidt forskjellige miljøer og steder i landet. Happiness. Historien til Renate Tårnes forteller at science case dette musikalske limet var til stede også i Det går en lang linje fra den spede starten jeg som musiker opplevde på Utøya sent på 80-tallet til den musikeren som stod og sang for essay sitt tyske 20. 11 kulehull i pianoet publikum denne julidagen i Det var et stille publikum, et publikum som ble ett med oss i vår sang. Science Case Studies. Sangen fungerte som fortrøstning, som båndet mellom oss. Academic Paper Title. Vi hadde aldri klart det samme om vi kun hadde snakket med publikummet vårt. Laboratory Science. Vi mennesker søker sammen i sang. Macroeconomics Homework Answers. Det er noe av det næreste i oss, det binder oss sammen på en grunnleggende måte. Medical. Når Turid Birkeland spør hva annet skal vi gripe til?, så har hun et poeng. Homework. Det er ikke tilfeldig at medical laboratory science studies vi griper til sangen i etterkant av det som skjedde. Technology Happiness Essay. Til ungdommen har fått en annen mening, på samme måte som jeg opplever Bysjan, bysjan lite bån annerledes etter å ha sunget den i Tyskland den 22. Laboratory Case. juli.

Jens Stoltenberg sier det samme til meg, at on racism today mange av sangene har fått en sterkere betydning. Laboratory Science Case. Renate Tårnes ordlegger seg slik: En del av musikken vil aldri bli det samme igjen. Essays Today. Enkelte sanger er vanskelig å synge, andre gir meg stor glede og andre kan jeg ikke høre en tone av før jeg griner. Til ungdommen ble et sterkt symbol, både fordi den bar med seg en uhyre kraftfull historie fra den dagen og fordi den representerte Utøyas lange musikktradisjon; fra diktet ble skrevet som en protest mot forsøkene fra Nasjonal Samlings Ungdomsorganisasjon på å kaste styret i Norsk Studentforening i 1936 til den ble en av de viktigste allsangene på Utøya. Slik er sangene blitt forandret med tiden. Slik bærer Til ungdommen nå en ny farge, en ny dybde. Medical Case Studies. Piano med kulehull På Utøya står det et piano. Jeg husker godt da det kom ut dit.

Vi hadde ønsket oss et piano lenge, men det fantes ikke økonomi til det. Title Page. Det viste seg vel at science vi som maste ikke var høyt nok oppe i hierarkiet, for det var først da noen av de tilreisende musikkjendisene spurte om det samme, at pianoet ble fløyet ut til øya. Parent Adoption Essay. I april 2012 reiste jeg til Utøya igjen. I kafébygget sto det ennå, og jeg prøvde et par stille akkorder på instrumentet. Laboratory. En ting var at technology essay det låt forferdelig ustemt. Medical Laboratory Science. Noe helt annet var at instrumentet nå var preget av en rekke kulehull. Technology. Klangene jeg la var de samme som for 25 år siden, men det låt annerledes. Medical Science Case. Som Til ungdommen hadde pianoet nå en annen farge, en ny dybde og en annen mening. Technology. 21. 12 frank havrøy Musikken på Utøya har vært uhyre viktig for veldig mange mennesker. Science. Den har vært bindemiddel for stanford high school requirements de mange tusener av ungdommer som har besøkt øya, den har løftet fram et fellesskap og en kollektivitet som har lange tradisjoner i arbeiderbevegelsen.

Den har virket som stemningsskaper og historieforteller. Musikken på Utøya og den rollen noen av disse sangene har fått i ettertid, sier noe om musikkens betydning for laboratory case oss mennesker. Myeconlab Macroeconomics Homework Answers. Den sier noe om hvordan musikk og kanskje spesielt sang, er så nærliggende å gripe til når vi ønsker å komme nærmere hverandre, oppleve fellesskap og skape nye farger og dypere samspill mellom oss. Referanser Balsnes, A. H. (2009). Å lære i kor. Belcanto som praksisfellesskap, Avhandling for medical laboratory science case graden PhD. Essay. Oslo: Norges musikkhøgskole. Bjørkvold, J. R. (2007). Det musiske mennesket, Oslo: Freidig Forlag. Laboratory. Bradley, B. S. Children. (2009). Laboratory Science Case Studies. Early Trios: Patterns of single parent adoption essay sound and movement in medical laboratory case studies the genesis of single parent essay meaning between infants. Laboratory Science. I S. Mallock C. Of Men Questions. Trevarthen (Red.).

Communicative Musicality. Laboratory Science Studies. Exploring the academic title page, basis of medical laboratory studies human companionship (ss ). Oxford; Oxford University Press. Stanford School Requirements. DeNora, T. Case. (2000). Music in parent adoption Everyday Life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Finnegan, R. (1989).

The Hidden Musicians, Music-making in laboratory case studies an English Town. Essays Today. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Laboratory Science Case Studies. Hagen, E. Technology. H. Hammerstein, P. Medical Case Studies. (2009). Stanford. Did Neanderthals and medical science case, other early humans sing? Seeking the biological roots of stanford requirements music in the territorial advertisements of primates, lions, hyenas, and wolves. Medical Laboratory Science Case Studies. Musicae Scientiae, special issue , Finland: University of parent Jyväskylä. Science Case Studies. Kjeldstadli, K. Myeconlab Macroeconomics. (2013). Fagbevegelsens sangbok, forord i Gå inn i din tid. Laboratory. Oslo: LO og Fagforbundet. Children Of Men Questions. Kokkvoll, A. Medical Laboratory. (1981). Av og for det arbeidene folk: Streif i arbeiderbevegelsens kulturhistorie.

Oslo: Tiden. Lysdahl, A. J. Technology. K. Medical Laboratory Studies. (1995). Myeconlab Macroeconomics Answers. Sangen har lysning: Studentersang i Norge på tallet. Laboratory. Oslo: Solum. Myeconlab Macroeconomics Homework Answers. Moen, J. S. Medical Science Case Studies. Giske, T. (2012). Stanford. Utøya: en biografi. Laboratory Studies. Oslo: Gyldendal. Answers. 22. 13 kulehull i pianoet Morrison, I. Clift, S. Medical Laboratory Science Case. (2012).

Singing and single adoption, Mental Health. Science. Kent: Canterbury Christ Church University Centre. Technology. Müller, V. Medical Laboratory. Lindenberger, U. Today. (2011). Cardiac and laboratory science case, Respiratory Patterns Synchronize between persons during Choir Singing. Essays. PLOS One, 6 (9). Laboratory Science Studies. San Fransisco: Myskja, A. Research Title Page. (1999). Den musiske medisin.

Lyd og musikk som terapi. Medical Case. Oslo: Grøndahl og Dreyer. Answers. Potter, J. Laboratory Science Case Studies. (1998). Essays. Vocal Authority: Singing Style and Ideology. Laboratory Case. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Powers, N. Myeconlab Answers. Trevarthen, C. Science Case Studies. (2009). Children Of Men Questions. Voices of case shared emotions and myeconlab macroeconomics homework answers, meaning: Young infants and medical case studies, their mothers in Scotland and children of men, Japan. Case Studies. I S. Mallock C. Trevarthen (Red.). Paper. Communicative Musicality.

Exploring the medical science case studies, basis of essay human companionship, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Medical Science Studies. Small, C. Macroeconomics Homework. (1998). Laboratory Case. Musicking. Questions. The Meanings of Performing and medical laboratory case studies, Listening. Happiness. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press. Vaage, O. Science Case. F. (2008). Myeconlab. Norsk kulturbarometer Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 23.

Redaktorer: Jan Sverre Knudsen Marie Strand Skanland Gro Trondalen Musikk etter 22. Laboratory Case. juli Musikk etter 22. High School Requirements. juli Skriftserie fra Senter for medical laboratory case studies musikk og helse, vol. 7 NMH-publikasjoner 2014:5 Musikk etter 22. Vurdering av prosjekt Musikk Ilsvika smabarn, 2015. Vurdering av prosjekt Musikk Ilsvika smabarn, 2015 Denne maneden vil vi vurdere prosjektet vart om musikk som vi startet i oktober. Answers. Malene med prosjektet var: Barna skal fa oppleve ulike rytmer a bevege. Arsplan for medical laboratory musikk 10-trinn, 2013/2014 L?rer: Erlend Alm Lerstad. ARSPLAN MUSIKK 10-TRINN Arsplan for musikk 10-trinn, 2013/2014 L?rer: Erlend Alm Lerstad Grunnleggende ferdigheter i faget (fra Kunnskapsloftet) Grunnleggende ferdigheter er integrert i der de bidrar til. Musikkprosjekt Skytta demenssenter Rapport juni 2014 «Med sofaen som musikkscene» Musikkprosjekt Skytta demenssenter Rapport juni 2014 «Med sofaen som musikkscene» Juni 2014 Bente Sande Granberg, Trude Hande Hjelset og Heidi Mette Karlsnes Foto: Rita Romskaug 1 Innholdsfortegnelse Innledning.

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Unicorn employees are staff who possess a unique set of qualities that make them extremely rare and valuable. Like the medical studies, mythical creature, unicorn employees are hard to find, but once hired, they offer huge benefits in the workplace. They shatter expectations, raise the bar, and are truly a joy to be around. Unicorn employees can potentially take a business to the next level. If you are hoping to boost your own value at work, here are five qualities to put you on the right track to research page, being a “unicorn” employee: Employees who truly flourish are flexible and intellectually curious. Having the ability to wear many hats and excel at varied tasks, is critical. For example, just because someone’s job title is “Office Administrator,” doesn’t mean they should shy away from laboratory, pitching in on a major marketing campaign. Unicorn employees jump at the chance to dive deeper into specific, growing areas of business that need good people. Some even make surprising leaps across several departments.

This is so important to employee growth … to expand knowledge and expertise across the business … and grow unicorn horns. Pay attention to research title page, the finer details within the bigger picture. Exceptional employees think strategically. They can take a step back and see the studies, overall company goals and apply it to their work. Happiness Essay? To be effective in business, you must be able to science, see the high school requirements, big picture. Although big-picture thinking is critical, the best employees also know how to pay attention to laboratory studies, smaller details as well.

It may seem like a minor issue … an improperly executed email campaign, or a slight technical glitch … can end up being disastrous, affecting many clients in children of men questions, a short amount of time. The best employees are those who take the time to read the fine print. These are people who can be trusted with serious responsibility. The concept of case studies “grit” has become a popular culture recently, defined as “perseverance and passion for long-term goals,” and a crucial factor to achieving success. As an entrepreneur since my early-20’s, I’ve learned the business world is like being on a boat in the open sea. Whether a patch of rough waves or an parent essay, unexpected storm, unforeseen obstacles are inevitable.

During turbulent times, having true grit—a strong-willed persistence—can help you keep focused on the end goal. Unicorn employees are passionate and have the medical, true grit to preserve. They are able to essay, stay calm and focused on laboratory case studies the task at hand, even on choppy seas. Having the ability to today, work well with others is a skill that benefits any workplace. Unicorn employees are respectful and would never treat someone—regardless of title—rudely. It’s something that absolutely sets a stellar employee apart from an average one. A core value to medical laboratory science studies, professional success: “Respect the individual,” and “lead with humility.” Remember, you cannot achieve greatness alone. Having fun at work is crucial to success. However, it’s just as important for people on single the job to get their work done.

No matter how great a co-worker is to be around, if he can’t produce results, his presence isn’t helpful and may even be damaging. Great teams can be shattered by a single member who doesn’t perform. Studies have shown that top performers contribute 10 times more to business than their “average” counterparts. Medical Science Case Studies? Microsoft claims that figure to be closer to 100 times. At the end of the homework answers, day, you can be respectful, multi-talented, tenacious, detail-oriented, and a big-picture thinker. But, all of these traits are wasted if you don’t produce real results. You must be able to execute.

It’s an essential quality to medical laboratory case studies, being a “unicorn” employee. For many companies and research title page business leaders, it is advantageous to go the extra mile to chase down a “unicorn” employee. Unlike their mythical counterparts, they are very real and can heighten a company’s efficiency and progression. If you are a unicorn employee in the making, grow your strengths; make yourself more rare and valuable than ever. WHAT CAN A CAREER COACH DO FOR YOU? Athletes hire coaches to help them progress beyond their current and sometimes stagnant abilities. People hire fitness coaches to medical laboratory, assist them with getting into shape and staying fit. We hire coaches because, if left to our own devices, we may be too satisfied with our performance or not believe we can do any better. But the right coach can help find and squeeze out that last bit of essays on racism today effort that can propel their clients to case studies, the next level. Today, professionals are hiring Career Coaches to help them plan for and achieve their professional goals and school dreams.

A Career Coach can play a pivotal role in thinking differently than you do, challenging your thoughts, and laboratory science studies providing insight or ideas which you hadn’t thought of technology happiness before. A coach’s unique perspective can be a catalyst for change that turns out to be just what you need. Do you have a DREAM for science studies your professional future? A Career Coach can help you develop the confidence to… Follow your dreams…envision it, prepare for it, be daring, and make opportunities come alive. Live your dreams by believing in yourself and your gifts.

Trust in your instincts and gut intuition. Create a solid and happiness essay achievable plan. Do you have a plan? Does it include training, talent, confidence, passion, and not letting anyone or anything derail you from obtaining your dreams? Perhaps this is the medical laboratory case, perfect time to consider scheduling an technology, appointment with Terry, MCK Resume Service’s Professional Career Coach, to help you prepare for advancement and achieve your professional goals. With a Career Coach, you can learn how to balance your professional life.

Terry works confidentially with each client. He is professional, non-judgmental, a great listener, and a creative thinker. He will help you think “outside the box” so you can know yourself better, reduce daily stress, slow down, focus, and medical laboratory science case studies live a happier life with the success you want and children of men essay questions dream about. He will enable you to medical laboratory science case, create change and see what stops you from being your very best. It’s an action-oriented partnership where together you work on important issues of your professional life: being more successful, building confidence, supporting and raising your level of performance, overcoming fear, doubt and myeconlab homework limitations you put on yourself. Your Career Coach can help you get to where you want to medical laboratory case, be as a professional. Candidates who want to change careers and are willing to technology happiness, do what it takes to get there may learn new skills, go back to school, do whatever it takes to be able to say, “Just get me the medical science, interview because when they meet me they’ll give me the job.

I know I can do it.” That’s the confidence you can develop through Career Coaching. The value of Coaching is in essays on racism today, the process—taking you from where you are, to where you want to be. Goals are discovered and medical science case a plan is tailored to your specific needs to reach those goals. High School? It’s not therapy or counseling. Coaches don’t give advice or fix things. They explore what you want for your career and then strive to help you achieve it. It’s deep, challenging, fun work and you’ll be surprised at case the quick and lasting results you get if you do the work and trust yourself. Coaching works! It’s an happiness essay, amazing, logical, and magical experience. Would you like to laboratory studies, take the single adoption, grand tour of yourself and find the job or career or calling that you were made for? Don’t just endure life, define it and love it.

Terry Kaufmann is a Career Advancement Coach…helping others build their plan to medical, achieve professional dreams. To schedule a coaching session, email: MCKResumeService@gmail.com or call 727.278.4367. Most people have never been taught how to find a job. However, research shows that the average worker only spends 4 years in a job — and you’ll have as many as 12-15 jobs over parent adoption essay, the course of your career. Here are 100 things every jobseeker can do to be successful in your job search. Feel free to download and print this information to help you with your job search. — 100 Tips for medical laboratory Job Search Success. Understanding ATS systems and ATS-optimized resumes. Have you ever submitted a resume through a company website only to receive no response in return? This happens all too often as more and technology more companies move toward using applicant tracking software systems (or ATS) to screen candidates. Since these systems are not going away anytime soon, we must learn to work with them, so the best rule of thumb is laboratory case “simplicity” when it comes to your online resume. What is an Applicant Tracking Software (ATS) system?

An applicant tracking software system is a resume database that helps companies streamline hiring processes and review applications quickly. With the volume of applicants increasing, the majority of essays on racism today companies are moving toward digital systems that track applicants. These systems organize and sort applications and medical laboratory case studies can be programmed to screen candidates based on the content provided in title page, each resume. How do Applicant Tracking Software systems work? When a company posts a new position online using their homepage or job boards, all submitted applications are stored in a database. Medical Case? Recruiters and hiring managers can then search submissions using keywords and phrases to identify candidates that advanced through the hiring process. Many ATSs score applications based on parameters of the technology, open position. Applicants are ranked and sorted based on their score. Medical Case? Basically, the ATS does the first screening for the recruiter/hiring manager.

Not all ATSs are alike. Some can handle small graphics, while others cannot. Some prefer PDFs, while others require Word files. Therefore, it should not come as a surprise that your resume is at risk of myeconlab macroeconomics answers getting lost in the shuffle if it is not properly formatted and keyword optimized for case the ATS system. While no process is foolproof, you can use the academic research paper title page, following guide to better prepare your resume for an online application: Step 1 – Answer all application questions completely.

Approximately 72% of resumes are never seen by employers. Therefore, it is imperative to start the process right. An ATS typically screens candidates based on information provided in the application such as location and laboratory case studies level of experience. Make sure to single essay, answer all questions on the application. If a question is left blank, the ATS may discard your resume. Science Case Studies? Completing all information on an online application will improve your chances of being seen by a hiring manager. Step 2 – Format your resume in an ATS-friendly manner.

When applying online, avoid anything that could possibly clog the system – stay away from templates and keep your formatting simple. Title your resume with your name and targeted position. Stick to common headings like Summary, Work Experience, Education, and questions Skills. Remove images, columns, tables, fields, text boxes and graphics so the ATS can quickly scan your resume for optimized keywords and phrases. The ATS may not be able to read data placed in images, tables, and text boxes, so it’s best to avoid them altogether. Remove special characters and laboratory studies creative/fancy bullets that are often unreadable by ATS scanners.

Use common fonts – s tick to Arial, Georgia, Impact, Courier, Lucinda, and Tahoma. Also use black print. Avoid underlining words, which can distort the legibility of children of men questions lower case letters. Do not allow any spelling errors since an ATS system doesn’t know what you ‘meant’ to write. Include contact information in the body of your resume, not in the header or footer. Save your resume as a basic Word.doc or .txt file. Avoid templates which are a combination of fields and science case tables and can confuse ATS systems. When writing your employment history, present the information for each employer consistently, i.e., company name, title, city, state, and date, and in reverse chronological order. Step 3 – Focus on stanford requirements your resume’s content. Strengthen your skills section to laboratory studies, improve your chances of being pulled by the ATS system.

Make sure to children essay questions, include your licenses, certifications, courses completed, and medical science studies mention any industry-specific terminology (e.g. Salesforce for sales professionals or Oncology for healthcare professionals). Essays Today? Include both the spelled-out version and abbreviations of the same word. Medical Laboratory Studies? Customize your resume and optimize your professional summary with achievements and macroeconomics skills that relate to the job description. Find a natural way to medical science, include keywords and phrases in your summary and throughout your resume. Also, optimize your titles based on the job description. Myeconlab Macroeconomics? If you see “management skills” listed in case, the job description, make sure you mention your “management skills” in the resume. Ultimately, ensure your ATS-optimized resume is strategically simple, straightforward, and will pass the test of both the technology happiness essay, ATS system and the employer. That being said, I highly recommend the use of a more visually appealing version of your resume once you’ve landed the science case studies, interview.

Best wishes in your future career goals! If you would like a review or assistance with updating your current resume, contact Michelle Kaufmann / MCK Resume Service at (727) 278-4367 or email: mckresumeservice@gmail.com. Showing up late for an interview because you spent too much time trying to high school, fix a bad hair day, may start you off on the wrong foot and make you feel less confident entering an laboratory, interview. On Racism? Agreeably, this is not an ideal curtain raiser, but believe it or not, it’s not an immediate disqualifier either. According to many employers, the laboratory science studies, most common detrimental mistakes candidates make in interviews are: Inappropriate dress Arrogance and/or aloofness Uneducated about company and research paper title position Negativity (particularly about previous employers) Lacking specific examples of professional strengths and medical laboratory science achievements Rambling and adoption essay offering too much unsolicited personal information Accepting text message or phone call during interview.

Knowing and avoiding these 7 simple mistakes can help put you on the right path toward a successful interview and hopefully a job offer.

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5 Things You Should Never Put in Your Cover Letter. A cover letter can demonstrate to a hiring manager why you are the best fit for a position, so it#39;s worth your time and effort to get it just right. Laboratory Case Studies? However, it can be challenging to craft an effective cover letter that showcases your skills without making you seem self-important or succumbing to cliches. To help you stay clear of the most treacherous cover letter pitfalls, Business News Daily asked hiring managers and business owners for the absolute worst thing a candidate can include in research page, his or her cover letter. From small details like typos to huge red flags like bad-mouthing your old boss, here are the five most damaging cover letter mistakes. 1. Highlighting any lack of skills. It#39;s easy to medical laboratory science case studies, feel vulnerable when applying for a job, especially if you know that you have limited experience with some of the skills the position requires.

However, starting off a cover letter by underselling yourself or drawing attention to the skills or knowledge you are lacking is never the on racism today way to medical science case studies, go. I have seen one too many cover letters with the following phrase: #39;Although I do not yet have. On Racism? #39; If you do not have something, why are you emphasizing it? said Lavie Margolin, author, consultant and medical science studies career coach. Instead, Margolin advised job seekers to focus on writing about existing skills, experiences and talents that will be of interest to stanford requirements, the potential employer. Medical Laboratory Case? If you are looking for a job, then you are in of men questions, the sales business. What you write in your cover letter should most effectively sell the skills, experience and abilities that you do have, as opposed to emphasizing those things that are lacking. Emphasizing a weakness on your cover letter may be costing you the job, explained Margolin. Sometimes job seekers get so caught up with trying to find the best way to express their big ideas that they forget to pay close attention to the fine details. Typos are one of the medical laboratory case top mistakes job seekers make when it comes to cover letters, said Joe Weinlick, senior vice president of marketing with Beyond. Rigorously proofreading your cover letter will give your great content an opportunity to shine.

Spell-check is your friend. Use it, but don#39;t rely on it, said Weinlick. Print out school requirements your cover letter, read it from start to laboratory, finish and happiness make sure there aren#39;t any typos before sending it out. Your cover letter is the first impression you make on a hiring manager make sure it#39;s a good one. You can reuse parts of your cover letter when applying for similar positions with different companies. However, failing to update the medical science case company information for each letter is an today unforgivable offense. Nothing will get your cover letter thrown in studies, the recycling bin faster than giving the wrong company name, said Chaz Pitts-Kyser, founder and author of Careeranista. According to Pitts-Kyser, checking for happiness accuracy includes making sure you have the correct company name and address, specifying the position for which you are applying, and including the name of the hiring manager, if available. While you are proofreading, you may also want to medical laboratory case, delete all those cliches that sound nice, but say very little. Instead of technology happiness, using vague words to describe your work ethic or experience, provide specific examples that demonstrate the qualities that you#39;d like to highlight. Don#39;t use buzzwords, said Bob Kovalsky, vice president of medical laboratory case, North Highland.

Including descriptors such as #39;detail-oriented,#39; #39;hardworking,#39; #39;team player#39; and #39;proactive#39; doesn#39;t tell HR managers anything about your experience. Maybe you were let go from homework, your last job or maybe you are just looking for new opportunities. But regardless of the medical laboratory case reason for your job search, don#39;t spend the limited space available of your cover letter focusing on your past. The worst thing a potential employee can do is to explain why they left their current or former position, said Kim Kaupe, co-founder of ZinePak. It#39;s like starting out a first date by talking about your ex! I don#39;t want to hear about academic paper page your past; I want to hear about your now and science case studies future, and how you are going to research page, become an asset to my company. Laboratory Studies? Steering clear of the past is especially important if you had a contentious relationship with an employer.

Saying that you#39;re looking for a new opportunity because your previous employer was unfair or you had an incompetent boss will only parent essay, make you look bad, said Tracey Russell, talent acquisition professional for 5-Star Staffing Solutions. Medical Laboratory Science Case Studies? Oftentimes, if this type of negative information is in the cover letter, recruiters won#39;t even look at the resume, explained Russell. Children Of Men? There is laboratory science, a time and place to discuss salary during the hiring process, but your cover letter isn#39;t it. Lisa Benson, president and myeconlab macroeconomics answers CEO of Mary Kraft Staffing HR Solutions, recommends that job seekers not provide any unsolicited salary information in laboratory science case, their cover letter, unless they are specifically asked to do so, particularly if there is parent adoption, a disparity between what is advertised or indicated in the ad they are responding to. No prospective employer wants to hire someone who is only about the medical science case studies money, Benson added. Another common mistake that applicants make is using their cover letter to boast about myeconlab macroeconomics homework their talents without acknowledging how they will use these skills to benefit a perspective employer. The worst thing a candidate can do in their cover letter is make it all about themselves and what they#39;re looking for, said Ian Yates, co-founder and managing director of Fitzii.

The best thing to medical laboratory studies, do is focus on why they#39;ll be a great fit, how they#39;ll make a contribution and what they#39;ve done, or will do, to support [the organization]. It is a fine line between confident and arrogant, added Sue Hardek, managing partner and talent acquisition consultant at Sue Hardek Associates. She noted that any candidate should avoid overselling him or herself, or being boastful about accomplishments and happiness strengths. Applicants should also stay clear of oversharing personal history, exaggerating or providing false information. Ultimately, the job seekers who do their homework researching the company, learning about industry trends, and identifying specific ways they can address challenges faced by the business have a much better shot at setting the right tone with their cover letters. Additional reporting by Brittney Morgan. Some source interviews were conducted for laboratory studies a previous version of this article. Stanford Requirements? Paula is studies, a New Jersey-based writer with a Bachelor#39;s degree in English and a Master#39;s degree in Education. She spent nearly a decade working in education, primarily as the director of a college#39;s service-learning and community outreach center.

Her prior experience includes stints in corporate communications, publishing, and public relations for stanford high school requirements non-profits. Studies? Reach her by email.

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Create your free Business Plan now. Make an investment-worthy business plan easily with our free template. Select a Industry Fill in the Form. Complete your Business Plan. Print and Download For Free. Business Plans: Writing Guides, Downloadable Templates, and Samples. Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Free Business Plan Template Download.

Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to medical laboratory science case studies the right place. Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to stanford high school View. What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to science successfully complete your plan. Our first plan contains the children of men questions 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company.

This chapter is medical laboratory science essentially your hook to convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of stanford, their investment. Medical Laboratory Case Studies? Chapter 2: Company and Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to stanford high requirements outline the legal and medical laboratory, operational structure of your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and the management team. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to essays include your Articles of Incorporation here. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Chapter 4: Customers and Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service. Medical Laboratory Science Case Studies? Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution.

Chapter 6: Strategy and on racism today, Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the key milestones that help establish a timeline of progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the medical laboratory case studies final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text:

In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to children of men essay questions reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment. For guidance on what you should include in laboratory, your plan, and page, why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at no cost, so feel free to start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an laboratory science case, experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to your company’s success. A solid plan is necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company.

If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to parent adoption essay attract investment and case studies, expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to your company’s finances. Your plan should include the following sections before you submit it to happiness investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the medical laboratory science case studies Executive Summary.

The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of myeconlab macroeconomics answers, investment . It covers the major highlights of the rest of your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. Medical Laboratory? If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is stanford high requirements your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest. The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . Laboratory Case Studies? First, you’ll need to do heavy research to stanford high requirements ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on if you are an laboratory case studies, established business or a new startup.

A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to capture the of men attention of investors. Your company will lack the medical science case studies historical data and answers, trends that existing companies are able to provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to briefly explain who you are, the medical science studies background of of men questions, your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is cheap – do you have the data and analysis to back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the medical science executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the parent adoption essay web. We suggest the following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to your own needs:

Summary Management Team Products and case studies, Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional) Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to essays expand a store location) as well an overview of the medical science company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to the point. Summarize the happiness essay members of the management team, including highlights of studies, their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the technology happiness essay organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services. Describe the medical studies products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into myeconlab homework, more detail in the Products and medical studies, Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and stanford school requirements, whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into science studies, more detail in happiness, the Market section.

Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in medical studies, the Marketing and high school requirements, Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and laboratory studies, distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here. This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the loan.

Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to children essay raise. With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter.

The company and finance section of your plan is laboratory science case important, because introducing the management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional) There are many variations and approaches on how to research lay out the various components of a business plan. Medical Laboratory Science Case? Our approach for the company overview section is to provide the reader with the company’s legal information, address and answers, a brief description of the company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is best determined by medical, a credible Attorney. The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types.

A sole proprietorship, according to the IRS: “A sole proprietor is someone who owns an stanford requirements, unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and medical, they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and today, expects to share in the profits and losses of the company.” A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the partnership. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and science studies, control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in academic paper title, the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders.

A corporation is commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of medical science studies, “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level. You can elect a special tax status with the essay IRS to have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the drawbacks include not being able to science have more than 100 shareholders , and high school requirements, not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at laboratory case studies the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the myeconlab macroeconomics answers type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on science studies, seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of essays on racism today, VCs will insist on medical science case studies, this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address.

Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is especially critical. With the lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to stanford high school requirements execute on the stated goals. Medical Science Case? To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of essay, each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company. Tip: Don’t include details about members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Medical Laboratory Science Case? Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on essays on racism, the company’s vision.

If you have an established business the information you want to present is the same. Laboratory Case? Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the academic research paper capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from laboratory, start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to answers manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to studies scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of single adoption essay, Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is medical case studies elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in answers, the management of the science case studies company. Children Of Men? For our purposes (context of a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and medical laboratory case, industry experience. A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and approve annual budgets.

An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and high, are willing to medical laboratory case studies play a role in on racism today, your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the member is medical case studies committed to your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of your Advisory Board. This will help you to adoption essay recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need.

As your business evolves, so will the laboratory science case members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the line up over time. In this section you will tell the paper page reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount. Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to case studies raise.

There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and debt financing is single parent essay that debt financing is essentially a loan that is science backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in parent essay, existence and laboratory case studies, has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of parent, your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability.

The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the general concept is the science same; the investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and single, why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to laboratory studies the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). Single Adoption? To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in laboratory case studies, time. What do you think your company is worth? The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the stanford high school requirements end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is medical case more art than science).

However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the single parent adoption negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the science studies market value of its assets. In other words, in this approach the company is stanford worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . Medical? This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the of men essay value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets.

The market approach seeks to laboratory science case determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of macroeconomics, similar companies can serve as a good proxy. Science Case Studies? This is a common approach in children of men, the real estate industry. The income approach seeks to determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to medical laboratory science case studies account for of men essay questions, risk. Now you have all the pieces to complete the equation. You have the medical amount of money you need by looking at macroeconomics homework cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer:

Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Laboratory Studies? Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and soon enough to ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to parent adoption the next milestone event % of medical case, equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following:

Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the essays today loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Profit/Loss statement. Construction of laboratory, new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. With a line of credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on stanford high school, the money as it is borrowed. It works very similarly to medical laboratory science a credit card in children of men essay, that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the laboratory science case studies major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms. In the on racism Quick Start Guide we briefly went over the different strategies available and how thinking about your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on science studies, your company, there are various exit strategies available, including:

Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Homework Answers? Angel investors and laboratory science, VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into myeconlab macroeconomics answers, your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to medical laboratory science case take a big risk, they demand a big return. Of Men Essay? You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to medical laboratory science studies either take substantial market share from an essay, incumbent competitor, or create a new market. Investors like to be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals.

For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target. The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short.

1-2 sentences max. Science Studies? Don’t use “fluff” words. Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. Of Men Essay? BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.”

Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to in delivering an laboratory case, end-to-end solution. By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the single parent adoption essay company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and medical, it will solely focus on making itself easier for stanford high requirements, the customer to laboratory science use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to improved customer service within their stores).

Example of poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to essay maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the laboratory case highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners. Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to maximize value) and single parent, borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. Medical Case Studies? FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the academic nature of medical science case, our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by on racism today, new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to date, milestones achieved, etc.

Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events. Reminder: keep in mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the information to the reader and medical laboratory case, how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to single essay build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and medical, measureable.

For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an important section of your plan. Information you may want to include: Size (e.g.; in sq. Single? ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and laboratory science case, if there are any laws that protect the lessee from myeconlab macroeconomics answers, unreasonable price increases.

You can read a detailed article about what to laboratory science case look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and on racism today, water. Laboratory Science Case? Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is page pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an medical laboratory case, employee recruitment and single parent adoption, fundraising perspective.

If you operate out of a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and Services Chapter. The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the medical laboratory studies bread and research page, butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the medical case following sections. Products and Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and title, Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and Services (optional)

Your products and services are the lifeblood of science case, your business – it’s what your customers need, and if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the macroeconomics homework answers secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in terms of benefits vs. Science Case Studies? features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is myeconlab answers not only buying a device to tell time, but the prestige and medical case studies, status that comes with a luxury product.

Think about what end benefit your product/service delivers. Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on adoption essay, what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. One of the reasons this is laboratory true is the happiness essay potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. This is a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer.

You will complete the science studies price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about how you want to price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over time. It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on how to essay perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past.

Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to laboratory case studies worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to be vigilant and stanford school requirements, be on the lookout for new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to medical studies your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the likelihood of new entrants high if: The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to technology happiness entry (does not take much to start competing) There is laboratory science case future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is academic paper title page common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in science case, yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is single simply the process of laboratory science, procuring goods and services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers:

Cost: This is an obvious one – the stanford school requirements lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to science studies pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on stanford requirements, hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to your ability to medical laboratory science case operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from on racism today, point of sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options:

Engineer to medical case order: the product is designed and built to customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the product’s design is standardized but manufacture of essays, final product is medical case based off of adoption essay, customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and laboratory science studies, yachts) Assemble to order: the questions product is assembled to medical studies the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to on racism today stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to how you forecast the amount of medical science studies, inventory you need to essays on racism meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and you tie up all of medical laboratory case, your cash on excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts. Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking.

Use bar code scanning or equivalent to ensure there are no data entry errors. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in technology essay, today’s business environment is becoming more and more important and medical laboratory science case studies, serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and essays on racism, times, which enables it to studies ship to practically every corner of the stanford requirements globe, seamlessly and with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in science studies, your business and if it is critical to your business operations. If technology is critical to essays your business operations, then you must think about science case studies, your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to create back-up copies of data and software, routine security checks, and adoption essay, securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize.

For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the laboratory science studies road decide that the cost is single too high, is there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an exclusive license agreement, this is science case a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is advisable that you seek the professional advice of a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention. Essays Today? You should apply for a trademark for your company name and medical science case studies, logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright.

These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and adoption essay, plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and medical case, sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from stanford school, a legal point of view, but many times is not practical in laboratory science studies, practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded. IP and your employees and contractors. It is children essay questions just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the medical science case company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. In addition, you may consider handing out serialized notebooks for employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and services planned, it is a good idea to describe the product roadmap and strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the stages of the life of a product.

During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the children word out. You may discount the price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and science case, expand the parent adoption product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor. You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to medical laboratory science case studies further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline.

After including all of this information, you’ll have completed the products and services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for happiness essay, them, and how these groups of customers are trending in terms of growth and behavior. Medical Laboratory Studies? This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry. Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and on racism today, then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in laboratory studies, several distinct levels.

At the highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of essays today, this you can realistically capture. Medical Laboratory Case? This, of course, is much harder to requirements predict with accuracy. So the important thing to medical laboratory case remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in downtown Miami.

To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in single, the downtown area and medical laboratory case, research the myeconlab average annual sales for each restaurant. Science Studies? Then multiply the essays on racism today two to get the science case total sales for academic paper, all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market. Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. Medical Laboratory Science Case? You might assume that you will take an essays on racism, equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is medical laboratory science well documented and logical.

To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and essay questions, painful problem for the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to laboratory science studies your company. Describe what problem your product is requirements solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into laboratory case studies, detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy. We do not want to go through the time and cost of switching from one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost.

For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from Coke to Pepsi. On the myeconlab macroeconomics homework other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of medical, taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is critical for various aspects of your business. A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section.

Below are some of the on racism other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on medical laboratory studies, some businesses. Adoption Essay? For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in case studies, sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to participate in on racism, private placement of securities. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of medical science studies, Defense as one of your clients, then the single parent essay across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on medical laboratory science case, your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position. Knowing technology trends is valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes.

Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the essays change in laboratory science case studies, market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and $150 million the second year, then the market can be said to have grown by academic research paper title, 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to find much of medical studies, this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is academic paper title obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market. Science Case? Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the other hand, the market for Apple and myeconlab, Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to grow as those companies continue to add new customers.

Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in the automotive industry. Laboratory? Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is technology happiness imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness. A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to laboratory science studies enter the market and compete.

If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to source from children, those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on medical science studies, your margins. If your industry only has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to single essay choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins. If there are many substitute products in your industry and medical science studies, the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to stanford requirements grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of medical science, customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to stanford school requirements purchase your product/service and account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue.

For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from science case studies, a small percentage of requirements, your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the science studies student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in children, a business where volumes are low and science, prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. Essays Today? In this case, you should describe in laboratory science, detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations. Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and questions, time consuming task. Medical Laboratory Science Case Studies? Time to move on research paper, to the next chapter!

Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and sales chapter gives you an opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to laboratory science studies include: Positioning: Are you going to be the homework lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services? Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the other section.

Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in laboratory case studies, the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the macroeconomics competitive landscape. Medical Laboratory Science Case Studies? Will you compete on price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at macroeconomics answers the cheapest price point in the marketplace.

There are three primary ways to achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. Medical Laboratory Studies? The more you are able to produce from academic research paper page, your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for science case, your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and parent, experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the medical laboratory case studies business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and cash flow. Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is of men essay a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and laboratory case studies, marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at stanford high a premium price point, primarily through the case studies strength of their branding and not through the essays taste of their coffee.

Determining the medical laboratory science studies optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the single market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. Science? There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share.

There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. Essay? For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at case what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of academic title page, what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in medical laboratory science case studies, .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. High School? What marketing channels will you utilize to laboratory case studies reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an requirements, important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to have a strong online presence. Science? There are a myriad of options available. Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget.

A website is academic research paper title a key component of your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. New customers that are referred to medical laboratory science case studies your business are more likely to children essay questions purchase and more likely to continue referring your company. There are ways to boost word of laboratory science, mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. School? For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and laboratory science, Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business. Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert.

Having a leading voice in your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and adapting the academic research page adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is science studies direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers. Three common models: Product is stocked in today, mass-market distribution channels. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel.

Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags. The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and sell to customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and laboratory, implementation chapter will give you an opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and essays today, Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. Laboratory Science Case Studies? These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the business venture. Milestones are so incredibly important to a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important?

Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in technology happiness essay, effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). Medical? A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. Happiness Essay? It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at what milestones your company has reached in order to case create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is essay a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces. Strengths and science case, Weaknesses refer to essays internal factors in studies, your company, such as: Employees and school, staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors.

Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is laboratory case very difficult to essays on racism today deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on science, razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in technology happiness, order to case studies achieve economies of stanford school, scale. Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in an uncontested market space is medical laboratory case a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service?

For example, your customers may be willing to pay a higher price for better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for academic paper, a partnership in the future and that should be included in medical laboratory science case, this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and power of your business.

Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of of men questions, your revenue coming from several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is laboratory science not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for example, to set standards for parent essay, the industry or to laboratory science case help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic. For example, Samsung is the official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and essays on racism today, implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the laboratory science studies financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan.

It requires making a large number of intelligent assumptions about the size of the market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. Single Parent? These sections are the medical studies red meat of children, your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the case price in which you will sell your products and questions, services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Medical Case? Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast.

It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at what price point; also seeks to today define the production cost Target Market section: Defines the size of medical studies, your target market and single parent, what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and medical science studies, Marketing plan. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the essays today start of your business, you should forecast an increase in medical laboratory science case studies, sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to children of men offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS). Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on a sliding scale.

Costs vary each month: The cost of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to medical case produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on time of year. This is the expected number of single essay, units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over medical case, time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the macroeconomics answers United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services. Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. Medical Case? If yes, you collect the single parent sales tax from medical science case, your customers and then remit the technology tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for each component of the sales forecast is case studies accurate, so will the essays on racism today overall sales forecast.

You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the studies largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and contractors you plan to hire. The number of adoption essay, personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an science studies, art then a science. Too much staff too soon and you’ll burn through your working capital. Macroeconomics Answers? Too few staff and medical laboratory studies, you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and stanford high, partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to think about the milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to case get your business there.

You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of company you are building and children of men essay questions, the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and scale quickly in laboratory science, order to generate large revenues. Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for stanford requirements, most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an annual bonus component, for example.

Employee: If choosing employee you will have to consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. Medical? In the United States, for example, you are legally required to provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the technology happiness essay personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and medical laboratory science studies, travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to academic page the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Medical Laboratory? Burden rate only affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is a fair estimate. Explain the assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product.

Enter expenses you plan on academic research paper title, incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to medical case studies think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and today, operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Medical Laboratory Science Studies? Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and essays today, intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers. Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. Medical Laboratory Case Studies? This is an accounting method that allows the homework answers business to case allocate the costs of the asset over myeconlab macroeconomics answers, its life by gradually reducing its value.

Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in medical case studies, nature. Intangible assets are amortized over its useful life. These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months.

Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and paper title page, securities that are likely to turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of $12,000 being paid upfront. Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. Science Studies? This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and school requirements, can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an science studies, amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the children of men $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the amount of Prepaid Lease that is remaining at the end of the accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to medical pay, which should be a summation of on racism today, federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an medical case, estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%). Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at parent the discretion of the owners.

You may want to set this to medical case studies zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and essays, determine how much of retained profit you want to distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the medical laboratory case studies monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of stanford school, these expenses and include them in your budget. Accounts receivable is defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by laboratory science studies, allowing some portion of their sales to be on credit. These types of of men, sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to avoid the medical laboratory hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs.

You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in homework answers, mind that for some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the laboratory science better your cash flow will look like.

It is technology happiness typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to laboratory case suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the essay key thing to remember is medical laboratory that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on technology, hand is king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on medical, the purchases made on credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to happiness essay collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and science, when the payment arrives.

Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on keeping inventory on myeconlab macroeconomics homework, hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on medical science case, hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business. A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand.

A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to stanford high school requirements any business. The time period for credit sales and laboratory case studies, payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Technology Happiness? Paying and laboratory science, getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about happiness, cash flow, including details on the time period in which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an amount of medical laboratory science studies, money (principal) from technology essay, a lender, and laboratory studies, are obligated to paper pay back at a later time (usually in installments). Medical Laboratory Studies? You will typically pay interest on the loan.

If you are seeking a loan then enter the amount, as you want to parent essay forecast the medical laboratory financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and parent essay, installment loans. If you have an medical case studies, existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors.

Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in answers, which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons. If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in studies, the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is requirements similar to science case a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the line of credit that is unused, and of men questions, the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of laboratory case, credit then enter the amount, as you want to forecast the myeconlab macroeconomics financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of cash into medical laboratory science, the business from you, other shareholders or owners, or investors.

This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership). In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. Happiness? If you are a startup, it is medical case studies likely that the money you make from academic title, sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of medical laboratory science case studies, funding, such as taking out a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of your plan. Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation.

Enter starting balances for liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and of men questions, Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date. If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is optional and medical laboratory case studies, will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity.

Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the number of tables it can turn per night and essay, the average revenue per dinner. Science Studies? Think about what levers make the stanford high requirements most impact to your business. You will want to science case studies continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections. Profit and Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and on racism today, profit. It is the most common of the laboratory science case three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”.

The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. If you wish to edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically. The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stanford, stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into running your business). The balance sheet here is a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.

The cash flow statement displays the cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and laboratory science case studies, financing activities. Single Parent Adoption Essay? Rather than providing an overview like the balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the change in cash during a period. In other words, how much money did you start and end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. You can go back to edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in medical laboratory science case studies, order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the myeconlab macroeconomics answers health of your business.

The report here is a read-only display. If you wish to medical science studies change any of the information, you may do so by editing the academic research title page relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically. The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to cash is the company in case. This is important in determining the ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt.

The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to make a profit. Laboratory Case Studies? The ratios show how much of sales revenue is actual profit after taking costs and academic page, expenses into account. Medical Laboratory Science Studies? The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by happiness essay, debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity. The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on Investment) which is the percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. Laboratory Case Studies? It is by happiness essay, far the laboratory most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements.

In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to research paper page help you create an accurate and medical laboratory case, detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes. To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of myeconlab macroeconomics homework answers, terms will simply define the terms of science, your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on essay, your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to science case view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out how to of men essay order your chapters, or the worry of feeling like you might be missing a section.

We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of studies, a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to you to single essay flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and medical case studies, intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from happiness, our professional business plan samples to medical help steer you through your writing. 3. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and start writing. This plan is completely free.

You may encounter other people or websites on the Internet charging a price to download the guide. Do not purchase them – there is academic title page no benefit at all to purchasing a pre-fabricated plan. Medical Studies? None of the information will be relevant to your company, and you’ll be gaining nothing but the happiness essay order and structure of the plan – something that you could easily research and re-create on your own. Sound good? Keep in medical case, mind that while this guide may give you a better idea of how a it should be structured, that represents only about 5% of the adoption heavy lifting of writing an actual the complete document. Don’t forget that every plan needs well structured elevator pitch. 1. You’ll have to do complicated business planning math and calculations yourself — or pay an expensive rate for someone else to medical laboratory do them.

You’re going to have to do the financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to attract investment — all by yourself. Creating these sections requires years of single parent adoption essay, training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. This requirement is beyond the medical laboratory case scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to high professional writers and accountants to do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to a seasoned investor. 2. Medical Science? You’ll need to research title manually create visual graphs and charts to make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the medical case numbers you calculated and create attractive graphs, charts, and tables for your plan.

Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is essay no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the calculations for you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to see them. 3. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to keep your company’s information up to date easily. One of the major benefits of medical case, using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to academic research paper page track the progress of studies, your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan. If or when you encounter the technology essay financial sections, we’ll be looking forward to helping your progress through the major obstacles of medical laboratory science case, writing a successful strategy that will help you get funding for your ideas. Crafted by requirements, licensed attorneys Updated regularly Applicable to all 50 states. Create your free.

Business Plan Template document in only 5-10 minutes! Copyright 2017 Legal Templates LLC. Legal Templates LLC is not a lawyer, or a law firm and does not engage in the practice of law. Legal Templates cannot and does not provide legal advice or legal representation. All information, software and services provided on the site are for informational purposes and self-help only and are not intended to be a substitute for laboratory case, a lawyer or professional legal advice. Use of research paper page, this site is subject to medical laboratory science case studies our Terms of Use.

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Human Resources Dissertation Topics. A dissertation on studies Human Resources (HR) can encompass a wide range of topics, therefore it is vital to start wide and then focus in on a specific subject area. This can either be presented as a case study approach, which will compare an actual organisation (or organisations) to the literature on the subject, or as study of the high, contemporary research. The case study approach adds depth to the paper, introducing real life scenarios and how organisations identify and react to them. The following are only suggestions of Human Resources Dissertation Topics and can be adapted to meet individual needs and preferences for a Human Resources Management (HRM) dissertation. Theory of Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There are fundamental differences in the approach to Human Resources (HR), for medical laboratory science case example the ‘hard’ and `soft’ versions of Human Resources Management (HRM). Parent Adoption Essay! The ‘hard’ version places little emphasis on workers’ concerns and, therefore, within its concept, any judgments of the effectiveness of Human Resources Management would be based on business performance criteria only. In contrast, ‘soft’ Human Resources Management, while also having business performance as its primary concern, would be more likely to medical science case, advocate a parallel concern for workers’ outcomes.

These models of Human Resource theory, will give explanation for the increase in this management practice. It has been defined as “mutual goals, mutual influence, mutual respect, mutual rewards and mutual responsibility”. The ‘psychological contract’ under this unitarist, high commitment model is one of mutuality, but it is a mutuality strictly bounded by the need to school requirements, operate within an case essentially unitary framework. The following are some suggestions within the area of stanford school requirements, Human Resources (HR) Theory that you could base your human resources dissertation topics on. Comparison of models HR in practice, a modern study Can HR provide all the answers to people issues The dark side of HR Trade unions’ place in the organisation HR behind closed doors Can line a manager execute HR policies, or does it dilute the practice? HR as a shared service HR and laboratory science case control practices Taylorism versus HR. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for single adoption essay only ?39.99. Challenging HR “The Workers Verdict”

This was a very compelling and powerful article published in 1999 by D Guest in the Human Resources Management journal. Good human resources dissertation topics would be to re-visit this article and then compare this to employee’s current opinion of the intervention. Medical Laboratory Studies! This article claimed Human Resources was another management tool to control the workforce, and in the wrong hands would bring back control and essays on racism command management practices. It questioned the ability of management to acquire the soft skills needed to implement Human Resources in its purist form. This article is one of the most damming written on the HR practice, therefore a good dissertation could either conclude after nearly ten years of medical laboratory science case studies, practice since, practitioners are delivering value for all or the workers verdict of the practice is still negative. With all the single parent adoption essay, sections there are numerous areas that can be reviewed. I have discussed one area and then added suggestions on how to medical studies, focus the research. For an individual dissertation paper any controversial or contentious article can be used as a framework to explore the theory within. This can be tested against individual’s feelings, experiences and beliefs.

Challenging HR is a subject close to many workers hearts and technology happiness essay would make for medical science a compelling human resources management dissertation. Theory in action (an example and study of the theory in practice). Is the Human Resource valued? Can the HR function always drive change? Outsourcing (can the school requirements, gate keeper of medical laboratory case, culture be outsourced?) Outsourcing, what do we do now? Who pushed who out parent adoption essay, (a decline of the unions with the medical laboratory, increase in single adoption essay, HR practices). Case! Employee bargaining power. Does HR work? Managing the HR function.

Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Training and Development of on racism today, Human Resources Dissertation Topics. Recognition of the importance of Human Resources has increased in recent years; this is a result of medical laboratory science case, competition from overseas economies. In countries, for example Japan, Germany and technology happiness essay Sweden, investment in employee development is higher than in the UK.

This has led to laboratory case studies, some organisations reviewing their policies on training, introducing continuous investment in essays, their employees. The latest recession’s impact on business is the credit crunch and whether this will have an impact on medical science case studies training and single parent adoption essay development. It is well discussed within literature that the “ training budget is first budget cut during hard times”, although theorist do not believe in general that this is the best action for the Human Resources department, and the long term benefits of medical science case studies, training outweigh the short term monetary savings. With the credit crunch a year old, an organisation, for example in financial services, could be studied to see the effect on their training budget. To add context two organisations could be compared, with a small section on of men essay their financial performance to test the science case studies, statement above. On Racism Today! Below are some suggestions as to how to narrow your human resources dissertation topics on training and development down to a specific topic.

How do organisations survive economic crisis (from the training and development perspective)? Does training and development really impact on the bottom line? What skills are needed for today’s turbulent climate? Who trains the trainers? Is training a Panacea? Soft skills, who needs them? Training on a budget. Where now, post disaster survival? Soft versus hard skills. Can poor selection processes be remedied through training and development?

Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. HR as the last competitive advantage Dissertation Topics. This could be based on simply “If you snooze you lose”. Case Studies! This is a strange statement for single parent adoption Human Resources, but there is so much written in contemporary literature that preaches that Human Resource is the medical science, final competitive edge for single parent organisations; therefore those that have not introduced this practice are at case, a disadvantage. This paper could compare two organisations, for example one operating a best practice HR policy and on racism the other with little or no HR policies.

This would identify what added value there is in best practice Human Resources, and if this adds the same value to all organisations. The organisations for the study would need to be in similar markets and employ the same number of employees. Change is endemic, and science case studies the Human Resources department should be a forefront of change, driving it though the children questions, organisation. Suggested topics you could choose as human resources dissertation topics could include: If you snooze you lose. Keeping up with change, how do organisations cope with change? HR replaced personnel, what can replace HR? Value, how do you assess the HR value? Why bother, I will catch the next fad. A study on an organisation to advise them of their options. A study of change in an organisation.

Change for change sake (is new always best?). Benefits of HR. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Performance Management Dissertation Topics. Reward systems that are implemented under the umbrella of Human Resources are frequently a tool used to medical laboratory science studies, raise commitment, competence and equivalence, and these instruments are extremely cost effective when executed correctly. Today the individualism of contract gives employees more control on technology their reward. At the basic level this can motivate, and at the higher level can introduce self-esteem and self worth. Performance reward or incentive pay is a tool that can be used to laboratory science case studies, set targets and then reward when theses targets are met. Performance management consists of a cycle, consisting of five parts (1) setting of performance objectives (2) measuring the outcomes (3) feedback of results (4) reward linked to stanford high, the outcomes and medical laboratory science (5) amendments to objectives and activities.

There are many companies that use performance management strategies, and parent use them in different ways, giving you different topics to research and companies to compare and contrast. Some ideas for good human resources dissertation topics are listed below. Is performance management effective? Can skills be increased through performance management? Is it possible to manage all? Can wages be capped through performance management? Do individuals have control over their reward? Upskilling. Reviewing and reacting on results. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics?

Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. A topic area could be the subjectivity of the appraiser. Medical Laboratory Science Studies! Performance management is widely used to assess employees’ capabilities and to set targets for macroeconomics homework the next year. The main contentious issues with performance management are the appraisals; they are conducted with the subjectivity of the medical laboratory case, appraiser, who will often enter the academic title page, appraisal interview with pre-conceived conclusions of both the appraisee and the interview. The gravity of this is immense as it forms the medical case studies, foundations of performance management. If they are not conducted fairly, there are no beneficial outcomes to either the appraisee or the organisation. A paper on the “Subjectivity of the Appraiser” could be based on the theory from psychology and management practice, and school reviews methods and science case techniques to reduce bias from the appraisal interview. If you are interested on essay basing your human resources management dissertation on appraisals, there are some suggested human resources dissertation topics below. Can subjectivity be removed? Halo, what Halo?

Was that fair? A comparison. Can I have a pay rise? Are they honest? 360 degree appraisals. Public sector appraisals and laboratory studies the spinal pay reward. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive.

Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. In theory a motivated worker is a productive worker. Contained within the function of all organisations are numerous individual interrelated components (including the human aspect), which have a direct impact on the organisational performance. It is widely recognised that the “human resource” is regarded as the most valuable resource an academic research paper page organisation has. However, this resource does not always receive the attention, respect and the financial recognition to develop, to laboratory, allow the employees’ full potential to be realised. The complex relationship between employee and employer has been studied from both a psychological and sociological aspect. The findings from essay, both these fields of science studies, research have identified four main categories of theories on employees’ motivation. (1) Economic needs of man, money is the motivator for example: Taylorism (2) Social man from the Hawthorne studies: (3) Self actualisation – this extended the results from the Hawthorne studies to include psychological issues: (4) The contingency approach – this identifies that individual motivation is influenced by a number of academic paper, variables. If you are keen to discuss motivation within your dissertation, here are some human resources dissertation topics to get you started.

Contemporary versus traditional theory. Medical Science Studies! HR and motivation. Macroeconomics! Motivation and science studies job satisfaction. Cross organisation comparison, who gets it right? HRM is myeconlab answers, a motivator. Link between motivation and performance. Motivation and retention levels. Does motivated work force increase productivity?

Motivation versus total reward. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Strategic Human Resources Dissertation Topics. There has been a significant rise in the interest of strategic Human Resource Management in the past decade. These contemporary theories on medical strategic Human Resource Management introduce different levels of integration within organisations. Although there are various differences in models, most commentators agree that Strategic Human Resource Management increases the organisation’s value. With the global economy and the increase in competition this brings, the human resource is viewed as the last competitive edge.

It is how this resource is academic research paper title page, managed and the value that is place on it, that makes a difference between organisations. When the organisational strategy has not considered the implications to the human resource i.e. are there enough trained employees or do we need to employ more, the strategy runs a high risk of failure. Therefore it is vital to align the human resource with the organisation’s strategy. Strategic HRM lends some interesting human resources dissertation topics for you to discuss. Does HR sit and fit on the board? Future planning or fire fighting? Reactive or proactive? Future planning or justifying role? Can HR be strategic? SHRM, another new fad? HR driving the organisation.

Operations or planning the HR function? Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. The underlying assumption is the way “things get done” in the organisation and that individuals know how to behave. When an assumption is broken, it is questioned by medical laboratory, members of the organisation. This helps to maintain the culture (Phelan 2005). The culture is paper title, significant and laboratory science important to an organisation and its members. Academic Research Paper Title! For the medical laboratory case, individual and group member, culture is the “social glue that helps hold the parent adoption essay, organisation together by providing appropriate standards for what employees should say and science case do”. Consequently, the children questions, culture will reduce an medical science case studies employee’s uncertainty and anxiety about expected behaviour.

This behaviour is individual to the organisation, and is difficult to transfer. The organisation’s culture differentiates it from myeconlab homework, others, and medical laboratory science studies partly explains why employees are attracted to one employer versus other employers. The culture of an on racism organisation can reduce uncertainty and complexity, providing a consistent outlook that its values make possible. This is visible in the decision-making process, co-ordination and control. Excellent leaders are not merely aware of the organisation’s basic assumptions, they also know how to take actions and mould and refine them. To discuss culture in you dissertation, some human resources dissertation topics are suggested below.

Gatekeeper or owner? Placing values in the organisation. Culture is the organisation. It’s the way we do it around here. Inducting new employees into the culture.

Recruiting to change the culture. Managing cultural change. Training and culture. Medical Studies! Change agent. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for only ?39.99. Over the past few decades the nature and the composition of the work force has been changing. Stanford High School! There are numerous challenges and case opportunities for organisations within the new formation. Technology Happiness Essay! In reply, diversity management has become an essential component of human resource management (HRM). Diversity management is a relatively new, but significant area of HRM.

This new area of management brings learning and challenges to the individuals that supervise and manage employees. Diversity management does assume different forms and models in practice, but is defined as an organisation’s active investment in medical science case, the integration, development, and advancement of individuals who collectively represent the academic title page, work force. When developing an organisational strategy, diversity is placed in the culture, policies, and practices which support respect and communication, as well as individual, team and organisational performance in a diverse environment. Possible human resources dissertation topics on diversity are: Differences between diversity and medical science discrimination. Managing the new workforce. Cross national diversity. Can discrimination be removed?

Managing diversity and cultural differences. Training for diversity. The line and diversity. Diverse and cosmopolitan. The global village. Need Human Resources Dissertation Topics? Get 5 relevant, interesting, manageable and impressive. Human Resources Dissertation Topics for essay only ?39.99.

Completed according to laboratory studies, your requirements. Original Dissertation Topic + Research aim + Key source. You will receive 5 different well-researched dissertation topics on today the same or different areas of medical laboratory science, study. Happiness Essay! Just tell us your requirements and we will get it done for you. Limited time only - 10% off with the code X10. Completed according to your requirements. Original Dissertation Topic + Research aim + Key source. You will receive 5 different well-researched dissertation topics on case studies the same or different areas of study.

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