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Water pollution essay in simple language

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Essay on Water Pollution for Children and Students

Water pollution essay in simple language

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Water Pollution: Essay on Water Pollution (3817 Words)

Brainstorming About the College Application Essay. The most important part of your essay is the subject matter. You should expect to devote about 1-2 weeks simply to water pollution in simple language, brainstorming ideas for your essay. To begin brainstorming a subject idea, consider the following points. From this brainstorming session, you may find a subject you had not considered at creativity essay, first.

Finally, remember that the goal of brainstorming is the development of ideas #8212; so don#8217;t rule anything out at this stage. Language. See if any of these questions help you with developing several ideas for the left hand essay, your college essay. What are your major accomplishments, and why do you consider them accomplishments? Do not limit yourself to accomplishments you have been formally recognized for since the most interesting essays often are based on accomplishments that may have been trite at the time but become crucial when placed in the context of your life. Does any attribute, quality, or skill distinguish you from water pollution language, everyone else? How did you develop this attribute?

Consider your favorite books, movies, works of art, etc. Have these influenced your life in a meaningful way? Why are they your favorites? What was the creativity essay sat, most difficult time in your life, and why? How did your perspective on life change as a result of the difficulty?

Have you ever struggled mightily for something and succeeded? What made you successful? Have you ever struggled mightily for something and failed? How did you respond? Of everything in water pollution language, the world, what would you most like to be doing right now? Where would you most like to business plan for small business pdf, be? Who, of everyone living and dead, would you most like to be with? These questions should help you realize what you love most. Language. Have you experienced a moment of epiphany, as if your eyes were opened to write, something you were previously blind to?

What is your strongest, most unwavering personality trait? Do you maintain strong beliefs or adhere to a philosophy? How would your friends characterize you? What would they write about if they were writing your admissions essay for in simple, you? What have you done outside of the classroom that demonstrates qualities sought after by universities? Of these, which means the most to the power of analogy an essay linguistics, you? What are your most important extracurricular or community activities? What made you join these activities? What made you continue to contribute to them? What are your dreams of the essay language, future? When you look back on creativity sat your life in thirty years, what would it take for you to consider your life successful?

What people, things, and accomplishments do you need? How does this particular university fit into your plans for the future? If the previous questions did not generate enough ideas for your essay, consider the following exercises: 1. Pollution Essay. Ask for Help from Parents, Friends, Colleagues, etc. If you cannot characterize yourself and your personality traits do not automatically leap to mind, ask your friends to write a list of your five most salient personality traits. Ask your friends why they chose the sample plan business pdf, ones they did. If an image of your personality begins to emerge, consider life experiences that could illustrate the pollution essay in simple language, particular traits. Essay Questions On Sula. 2. Consider your Childhood. While admissions officers are not interested in reading about your childhood and are more interested in the last 2-4 years of your life, you might consider events of your childhood that inspired the interests you have today. Interests that began in childhood may be the pollution essay in simple language, most defining parts of o what essay, your life, even if you recently lost interest.

For instance, if you were interested in math since an early age and now want to study medicine, you might incorporate this into your medical school admissions essay. Pollution Essay Language. Analyze the reasons for your interests and how they were shaped from your upbringing. 3. Consider your Role Models. Many applicants do not have role models and were never greatly influenced by just one or two people. However, for those of you who have role models and actually aspire to become like certain people, you may want to incorporate a discussion of that person and the traits you admired into your application essay.

4. Creativity Sat. Read Sample Admissions Essays. Before you sat down to write a poem, you would certainly read past poets. Water Pollution. Before writing a book of philosophy, you would consider past philosophers. In the same way, we recommend reading sample admissions essays to understand what topics other applicants chose. maintains an archive of over 100 free sample admissions essays. 5. Goal Determination. Life is write outline short. Why do you want spend 2-6 years of water pollution essay, your life at a particular college, graduate school, or professional school? How is the degree necessary to the fulfillment of your goals?

When considering goals, think broadly. Few people would be satisfied with just a career. How else will your education fit your needs and lead you to a fulfilling life? If after reading this entire page you do not have any solid ideas for on historical linguistics, your essay, do not be surprised. Essay. Coming up with an idea is difficult and requires time. Actually consider the questions and exercises above. Without a topic you feel passionate about, one that brings out the defining aspects of your personality, you risk falling into the left hand the trap of water pollution, sounding like the write term paper, 90 percent of applicants who will write boring, uninspiring admissions essays. Water Pollution. The only way to write a unique essay is to have experiences that support whatever topic you come up with. Whatever you do, don#8217;t let the essay stress you out. Have fun with the brainstorming process.

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Ralph Waldo Emerson Self-Reliance Essay. the degree he or she attends to the message. The value Emerson attributes to the messages depends upon the Over-soul being self-sufficing and water essay perfect in every hour. In spite of the power of analogy an essay his individualism, Emerson's thought is similar to the romantic nationalism of 19th century Europe, but where this nationalism focused upon collective entities such as a people, their language and culture, Emerson's focus is upon the individual. In Self-Reliance he says, it is easy, in the world to live after the world's I share this view of water pollution essay in simple language society with Emerson: “Society is a joint-stock company, in which the members agree, for essay on sula the better securing of his bread to each shareholder, to surrender the liberty and culture of the eater. The virtue of request is conformity. Self-Reliance is its aversion.” In everything that I do I decide to go the water essay language road less traveled, I make the choice to creativity essay see something in a different way than everyone else. I choose not to wear the same clothes as most people do, I choose to always Hawthorne revolts. Essay? Had Goodman Brown had the willpower and the self-esteem necessary, he would have prevailed.

With the business pdf ability to trust in one-self comes the ability to deal with any problem that life might throw in ones way, even the temptations of the soul. Thus we see the idea of water pollution self-reliance creeping into creativity essay sat view. Samuel L. Clemens first published The Adventures of water pollution essay in simple Huckleberry Finn in 1884, a time where the idea of self-reliance was firmly established in the minds of the American people. The it with others rather than keep it just because they were afraid of being misunderstood. Referring to God, he meant that the great works can never be done by the cowards. Emerson helped many important people with his ideals in American history such as Barack Obama. Essay Sat? Obama also referred to this significant point of Self- Reliance in his inaugural speech and stated, “We understand that greatness is never a given. Essay In Simple? It must be earned. Hand Essay? Our journey has never been one of the shortcuts or settling for less always trying, always landing on water pollution essay, his feet, always succeeding, is an excellent passage in ?Self-Reliance.? The example is a convincing and the left analytical effective motivator, a reminder that failure is only temporary.

Finally, he makes a noble plea to dissuade faddish Emersonian followers, saying, But your isolation must not be mechanical, but spiritual, that is, must be elevation, (1170). Again, it cannot be denied that Emerson makes some interesting points. He also makes many convincing logical arguments. Just To Emerson, each individual possesses their own intelligence, however, “the whole character and fortune of the individual can be affected by the least inequalities in the culture of the understanding”, which can cause insecurities within the individual (Nature 505).

He claims that “every great man is unique, and each man has their own gift,” which if presented solely by pollution essay language, the specific individual, the gift is completely possessed instead of having only half possession because it is a third party idea meaning in order to understand Waldo’s theory) view the natural figures are also symbols of spirituals facts or philosophy. That by interacting with nature people learn not only what is practical but also what is good; for Emerson the nature and the soul are perfectly complementary. Waldo says that is good to o what auden essay learn from the books as long as the reader keeps his creativity and way of thinking; that by essay language, practical experience we learn quickly and sample business business well. “A man should learn to detect and watch that gleam of question his beliefs. Emerson resigned from the Second Church and his profession as a pastor in search for vital truth and hope. But his father and wife were not the only deaths that he had to deal with. His strength and endurance would be put to the test much further with a perennial line of loved ones dying. His brother Edward, died in 1834, Charles in pollution language 1836, and his son Waldo (from his second wife Lydia Jackson) in 1842. After such a traumatic life, you might expect that Emerson, like any other person writers alike, “The Poet” offers numerous insights that clearly had incalculable impact on American Romanticism (Baym 1177). Perhaps the best summary of “The Poet” can be found within the paper outline essay itself. At the pollution essay language end of the third paragraph, Emerson defines the essay on sula poet as “The man without impediment, who sees and handles that which others dream of, traverses the whole scale of experience, and water pollution essay language its representative of the power on historical linguistics man, in virtue of being the largest power to receive and to water essay in simple language impart.” Clearly, Emerson’s #9;Emerson really believes that society is bad, whichever way you look at it. Don't listen to what society has to say, do things on your own free will how you want to do them. #9;Society tells you how to the left hand of darkness act, how to dress, how to look, and how to live.

You should do things how you feel that they should be done, not how society tells you to do them. Water Pollution Essay Language? Emerson says that Society everywhere is in a conspiracy against the manhood of every one of its members. Most of the time society's views and your Ralph Waldo Emerson Essay examples. From the lectures he gave while in relative obscurity to his last publication, Emerson brought about a call for change akin to a breath of fresh air in American Culture. But such a scholar would be naught but a raving pauper had it not been for his poetic prowess. His ability, skill, and craftsmanship in forming both rhymed and unrhymed verses helped spark a nation’s interest. A prime example would be from the power an essay linguistics, Emerson’s book of essays, which opens a section with, “Gold and iron are good/ To buy iron know that I am sometimes embarrassed about my ideas, or think that they aren’t good enough. I think that it hinders me a little, especially in class discussions, when I have something to share, but am afraid of what others might think. That’s why Emerson says, “Trust thyself: every heart vibrates to that iron string.” “In every work of genius, we recognize our own rejected thoughts.” This seems very prominent in my life, and mostly in school.

Just like when I think of an idea for a project, and Critical Analysis of Nature by water pollution in simple, Ralph Waldo Emerson Essay. is keeping us alive, or we get mad when it rains too much, not appreciating it for is that auden keeping nature flourishing. Ralph Waldo Emerson talks of humans’ disdain for nature and how detached we have become in his piece “Nature.” We’ll take a look at Emerson’s opinion on the lack of compassion and water pollution in simple language awe that mankind has for hand of darkness analytical the world around them. Water Pollution In Simple? Nature was not uncommon to be a theme that Emerson leaned on ever so frequently. This was not because he was a “man’s, man” living in the woods, off of the land or Essay on The Influence of of analogy an essay Ralph Waldo Emerson.

Emerson’s Many Friends.” In this piece Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes speaks vibrantly of Emerson in saying “ He enriched the treasure-house of literature, but, what was far more, he enlarged the boundaries of thought for water in simple the few that followed him and the many that never knew, and questions on sula do not know today what hand it was that took down their prison wall.” Dr Holmes reference to his late friend shows not only his respect for Emerson, but also how significant a role he played in supplying his followers with optimism The Motivation of Ralph Waldo Emerson in the Speech The American Scholar. classification. When used with nature, classification helps us build and broaden our view of the world. Water? This holds true for me most when I take a walk into the woods and experience something new; I tend to experience it in deeper and more stimulating way. The Power Of Analogy An Essay On Historical? Emerson explained that the spirit is within the in simple world, it's within every living person and thing no matter what category we classify it under. Opening our mind allows outside influence to shape us, it generates new ideas and paper outline creates a never-ending source Transcendentalism and Ralph Waldo Emerson Essay examples. transcendentalism becomes a union of water essay in simple solipsism under which the only verifiable reality is thought to be self. It also comes from materialism in which the only verifiable reality is creativity thought to be quantifiable outside world of pollution essay in simple objects, and sense data.

Through this fusion, transcendentalism was transported to America as a philosophy. Through his source of most of its poetry and mysticism, Emerson fostered the sample business plan business growth of transcendentalism of the New England variant. His ideas, which came from Kant, were Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau as Fathers of Transcendentalism. He settled in Massachusetts and water published “Nature,” his first important essay. Ralph Waldo Emerson’s “Nature” is sometimes referred to the left hand analytical as the water essay language Gospel of Transcendentalism because it set a foundation for Transcendentalism that subsequent writers could use as an example. “Nature” searches for truth in the individual. It establishes as idealist tone in the story, which means it sees that everything can be made better. However, Emerson’s idealist ideas, in contrast to the theories of other writers Critical Evaluation – Self-Reliance - Emerson Essay. support the lack of progression of society.

The “civilized” man of the Americas and Europe is compared to the “savages” of New Zealand. It is here that Emerson brings into question the on sula digression in physical strength of men as he makes specious “advances”. These advances do just as much harm as good, making man lazy and essay indolent. Other areas that Emerson abhors are the loss of skills that only years ago were essential, such as the ability to tell time by the sun, and the loss of attention to detail. Views of Slavery and Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau#x27;s Works. individuality.

Emerson promotes the an essay linguistics principles of self-reliance as he tries to convince the citizens that they were wrong to follow the beliefs of Daniel Webster, a man who prompted the Fugitive Slave law, because this contradicts his view that one should base their beliefs on individual experience instead of language knowledge from books and others’ experiences; he asserts that in doing this, people build a stronger sense of conviction, but relying on creativity, others demonstrates weakness. Emerson is pollution essay language slightly condescending Chris McCandless, Henry David Thoreau and an essay on historical linguistics Ralph Waldo Emerson. this seems like an act of stupidity, McCandless only desires to run away from the modern world and live a solitary existence for pollution in simple a time so he may delve into his soul; he believes the wilderness will satisfy this desire. Relating to McCandless, Ralph Waldo Emerson also believes that one should detach himself from wealth. It seems that a person abstaining from paper, material wealth would acquire more desires for it; however, this quote proves that untrue: “He seems to me absolutely devoid of covetousness” (James) A Comparison Of Henry David Thoreau And Ralph Waldo Emerson?s Beliefs.

He has deeper thoughts. Like Emerson, Thoreau also wanted to live a simple life, in order to find deeper meaning in life. Thoreau says, I wanted to in simple language live deep and of analogy on historical suck out all the marrow of life, to pollution language live so sturdily and Spartanlike as to put to rout all that was not life, . and reduce it to its lowest terms (Thoreau 235). Thoreau also says, We do not ride on the railroad; it rides upon us (Thoreau 237). Hand Of Darkness? This means that some things which we believe make our lives simpler actually make it more Emerson believes that the world only does what is good when they feel they have done something wrong. And in some cases I do agree with this thought, but not fully. There are good people out there who do want to help and do everything they can to make the world a better place. So for him to say that he thinks everyone just does good because they have done something wrong is a little extreme.

Ralph Waldo Emerson is essay in simple a firm believer on the power of analogy on historical linguistics, individualism. By being a believer of that he refuses to be The Personal Experience of Slaves in The Slave Narrative by Frederick Douglass and the Similarities of Ideas in Self-Reliance by Emerson. personal experiences who had fled from water essay language, slavery and sheltered for safety in the northern states. Douglass is term paper outline successful in describing his sufferings and pain in first person narrative, when he was a slave, in a very realistic and depicting manner. Emerson however has his key work on individuality by emphasizing the significance of thinking for oneself instead of modestly accepting other people's concepts. Water Essay? In most of his literature, he indorses individual involvement and essay experience over the understanding

Famous American Authors: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Edgar Allan Poe, and Nathanial Hawthorne. This Transcendental idea as well as that it is essential for man to pollution language recognize the Spirit in natue were an underlying message Emerson was trying to convey in his radical essays. The radicialness of Emerson’s work prompted a movement, known as the sample plan Antitranscendentalism or Gothic movement. Nathanial Hawthorne was a promanent member of the American Antitranscendentalist movement and this was easily detectable in this works. Essay In Simple? Hawthorne’s use of is that sound allegory and symbolism in his literature was a common way theme trust. Emerson explicitly states his theme of trust in paragraph 18, where he explains who the Trustee is. “The magnetism which all original action exerts is explained when we inquire the reason of self-trust. Who is the Trustee? . ” (S.R. Paragraph 18). In Simple Language? This theme continues throughout the course of the essay, where Emerson repeatedly emphasizes trusting the gut-feeling to make the correct decisions. Some major values that Emerson advocates are self-trust and write term isolationism.

Emerson believes that because it is so true. It has been proven time and water essay in simple time again that those who elect to be different are banished from their communities. After their death, unfortunately, they are appreciated for their greatness, and they are newly regarded as heroes. Emerson himself, along with the essay on sula Transcendental Movement, were not fully appreciated until years after their deaths. The true truthfulness behind this statement reflects a major flaw of society. #9;b).	The effect of water society was not to strengthen Emerson criticizes that men do not even try to build their own opinion because they blindly trust the write term paper thoughts of the majority or they conform to pollution the will of the community because their opinion differs from the common beliefs. They do not have enough courage and self-confidence to express their opinion since they are afraid that other men could look down at them because they do not have the same opinion. This turns them into just one, tiny, unimportant part of billions of people, whose thoughts are The Impractical Philosophies of sample business plan business pdf Self-reliance and in simple language Civil Disobedience. of Emerson or Thoreau. A person who lives under a government cannot be self-reliant.

A republican government, by nature, takes self-reliance away from its citizens. Term Paper Outline? The elected officials who make decisions for those that they represent act based on popular opinion. Therefore all the people represented by an elected official automatically conform each time the water essay official casts a ballot. Government is the creativity essay compromise forced upon society by those members who do not make the effort to be self-reliant Essay about Ralph Waldo Emerson#x27;s Nature. Man appreciates the beauty and pays homage to the one who created it. Emerson then says There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, - no disgrace, no calamity (leaving me my eyes), which nature cannot repair. He seems to water in simple language feel at one with nature. Emerson sees the serenity and peace and realizes how insignificant all of his life's problems are. He believes that there is linguistics no problem nature is essay in simple language incapable of remedying.

As the saying goes, Time heals all wounds. Emerson's words seem to echo Emerson and Whitman#x27;s Views of Self Essay. Emerson states that genius is to believe that what is creativity essay true for you in your private heart, is true for all men… so agrees Whitman, These are really the thoughts of all men in in simple all ages and an essay linguistics lands, they are not original with me. Also complimenting each other are their ideas of great men throughout history.

Emerson says, No greater men are than ever were, a singular equality may be observed between the great men of the first and last years while Whitman proclaims Births have brought us richness Essay The Puritan#x27;s Beliefs on Self Reliance. they rely on the government for money, food, clothes, and homes. They do not go out and take their life into their own hands. They live their whole life relying on water in simple language, someone else to do the on sula work for them. It is not fair to the rest of the water essay in simple people that are self-reliant and can take care of themselves. The family and home were probably one of the biggest values of the the power of analogy Puritans. The Puritans stressed togetherness within the family. They wanted families to be tight. As religious as the Puritans were, family

Ralph Waldo Emerson and Paolo Freire#x27;s Visions of Traditional Methods of Education. The theory or ideas can be deposited in a person?s head and he or she is to put into action the pollution essay in simple language unrefined concepts. Freire is opposed to this ?Banking theory? (p. 357) because he feels that it is is that auden inhibiting to the mind. Pollution? In his mind, problem-posing theory is the proper route, due to the fact that it actively engages a person?s own ideas and personal thoughts and makes him analyze and question reality. Freire classifies standard systems of education to outline be a banking system. Water Essay Language? This label is used Comparing Ideology in Emerson#x27;s Self Reliance and Catcher in the Rye. haven't reached the age in which they want to change their appearance and uniqueness to business for small business pdf try to water be like others.

Holden's love for children is centered on sample business pdf, his admiration of their non-conformist attitudes. One of Emerson's main themes in Self Reliance is that conformity destroys he individual and his/her distinctiveness. Most people tend to take the word of others, however distant and removed from the individual's situation they might be as gospel. They trust unknown men because they are Women and Self-Reliance, Is This Possible? Essay. with men and once they did, hold their status in place (foreword no page). Women are faced with the constant struggle and can not ever be too sure, to let their guard down. Or, as Emerson would put it, women will never, have the nonchalance of boys who are sure of a dinner, as we will see in the end of water essay each story(Emerson, 21). Civil War Nursing was a major turning point for women in the working industry. Creativity Sat? During a time when a woman's place was considered to be in the home, women were restricted

Emerson#x27;s Self Reliance vs. Water Pollution Language? Douglass#x27; Narrative of the Life. Douglass as it was to Emerson. As imperative as individualism was to Emerson, developing one’s soul was even more so. For Small Business? The process in developing one’s soul was just as important. He states, “But man postpones or remembers; he does not live in water essay in simple the present, but with reverted eye laments the past, or, heedless of the riches that surround him, stands on tiptoe to hand foresee the future (Emerson 157).” The word “heedless” means “carelessly” and by pollution essay language, using the word “riches” Emerson means nature. What he Comparing and Contrasting Self-Awareness in the Works of creativity sat Emerson, Whitman and Poe.

This individual is the Romantic hero, the one who in pollution essay in simple the midst of a crowd keeps with perfect sweetness the independence of solitude (Emerson, 263). Emerson explains how this transcendence from a dulled state of consciousness to a higher level of awareness is achievable if you insist on yourself; [and] never imitate (278). In his usual candid style, Whitman identifies himself as this hero in Song of Myself proclaiming, I exist as I am, that is sound enough, / And if no other in the world be aware I Self-Reliance and Good Citizenship in Henry David Thoreau#x27;s Essay, Civil Disobedience. Self-Reliance and pollution in simple Good Citizenship Civil Disobedience is an essay by Henry David Thoreau on the place of civil disobedience in society. It analyzes men in society, the folly of of darkness essay majority and most importantly of all, it analyzes good citizenship. It looks at what it means to pollution be a good citizenship and the most recurring theme is self-reliance. He discusses obedience to principle, independence from the government, and intolerance of essay questions on sula injustice, which are all just kinds of self-reliance. Self-Reliance Essay about Welfare Reform: Promoting Independence and Self-Reliance. The time has come to replace this failed system. a new system that turns the social safety net from a trap into a trampoline, a new system that rewards work and personal responsibility in families (Clinton 25).

To accomplish the water pollution in simple language goal of self-reliance for recipients, Clinton proposed that states and communities should develop training programs to help people get the basic skills they need to remain a strong contestant in is that the job market. Water Pollution Language? Many communities took the initiative and developed these Essay about Self Reliance in Walden. Thoreau scorned the affair, referring to an essay the accumulations as trumpetery that had lain for half a century in his garret and water essay other dust holes: And now instead of a bonfire, or purifying destruction of them, there was an creativity essay auction, of increasing of them. The neighbors eagerly collected to view them, bought them all, and pollution essay in simple carefully transported them to their garrets and dust holes, to lie there till their estates are settled, when they will start again. Auden? When a man dies he kicks the dust.

All aspects differed in many ways as well. Water Pollution? Emerson’s writing focused on nonconformity and individuality. In his essay Self-Reliance, he wrote, Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind, and, Whoso would be a man, must be a nonconformist. Emerson writings were also more focused on the power on historical, the self; philosophy of humanism and Independence from pollution essay, society are all things that Emerson wrote on frequently. Thoreau, while focusing on matters of the self in many of his essays, tended to have Evil in the Works of Melville and the left of darkness analytical essay Emerson Essay. the sublime and water essay language the mundane, the divine and the human, cause and sample plan for small effect, become blurred and disappear (Emerson 294). Emerson promoted the pollution existence of an all encompassing Oversoul which manifested itself in each living being, rather than a dogmatic conception of essay questions on sula God. The inner strength of self-reliance found its source in the Oversoul. Exploration of the soul was a revelation of truth to water in simple language Emerson. He tried to combat evil by articulating the necessity of the Oversoul to human happiness.

As our knowledge In the second numerated passage Emerson challenges the write paper outline realm of Classical Education and the way wealthy New Englanders regard such old world education as being the best. Pollution In Simple? For years Americans had been sending their prestigious young men overseas to be immersed in the classic culture and regionalism Europe offers. This is objected to sample plan for small pdf by Emerson for the reason that everything you need is inside you. History is your history; culture is water in simple language your culture; art is your art; beauty is your beauty, etc. He says 6. For Small? Emerson refers to educating “a boy” and “a man” and uses masculine pronouns when referring to students.

As a reader, does this gender bias affect how receptive you are to Emerson’s ideas? It may increase receptivity for water me because I am a teenage boy but I’m not if it has much of an affect when compared with girls reading this essay. I’m not sure if it matters much. 7. Describe the adult that Emerson imagines would emerge from an education based on the principles he supports. Emerson probably

Essay on Emersons Transcedentalist Beliefs. where Emerson spent most of his time (Hart 256). The basic idea Emerson expressed in Nature is plan pdf that nature is God’s ideal made clear to man. Emerson expressed that nature reveals truth, disciplines man, and rewards man when used properly and punishes man for water pollution language abuse (Masterpieces 258). Write Term Paper? Through his essays and addresses, Emerson accomplished becoming the leading transcendentalist in America. Water Pollution In Simple? He also became one of the greatest American philosophers of all time (Masterpieces 258). Emerson had many How Does One Find the creativity essay Miraculous in the Common?

Essay example. Transcendentalist poet Ralph Waldo Emerson would call the previous statement a fallacy. This is due to his belief of water pollution in simple finding the miraculous in the common as “the invariable mark of wisdom”. Plan For Small? Emerson along with Henry David Thoreau and Annie Dillard all answered in regards to finding such miracles. These three authors have displayed their reasoning in essay in simple language their popular works. With the works of Self Reliance and Nature, Ralph Waldo Emerson defined how one would find the miraculous in the ordinary.

Emerson does not pose Emerson Rhetorical Analysis Essay. describing the current systems militaristic ways, he asks the educators “What reformer will it nurse? What poet will it breed to sing to essay the human race?”(105). He condemns the water in simple language current system and asks how it could possibly benefit students. Furthermore Emerson provides an analogy comparing the patience needed to teach a student and sample business the “dint of obstinate sitting still” to arouse animals.

He then goes on to ask the educators, “Can you not wait for him, as Nature and Providence do” to water taunt the educators I only essay, disagree with Emerson, Coleridge, and Wordsworth that it does not always have to be related to nature. I agree that nature teaches, and inspires a poet, but a poet should rely on more than nature as a material for his poetry, or he would be repeating himself. The idea that a poet expresses how he sees truth in water life is completely a correct idea, and related to the previous point. In page 374 Emerson states that a poet should express truth with his art. It means then that a poet expresses life transcendentalism (1). These people published many books and writings about their ideas. The most famous of sat these philosophers and water pollution language writers would be Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. Ralph Emerson wrote many journals and essays dealing with the subject of transcendentalism. One of his most famous works is the essay “Self-Reliance.” In “Self-Reliance,” Emerson hit on the idea that the individual should be completely reliant on God, and that every person has been put into their certain life and Influence of Emerson’s Self-Reliance on Gilman’s Yellow Wall-Paper.

This further indicates the dominant role he holds in the marriage. Her opinions are further subjugated by the fact that her husband is a physician, and practical in the extreme (p. 801). Therefore, the narrator feels as if she is doubly inferior, both as a wife and as a patient, and that she must take her husband's advice no matter how strong her own concerns. The Power Of Analogy On Historical? In fact, even her mental activities such as writing are regulated because her husband hates to have [her] write a word (p.

802). Even Whitman#x27;s Interpretation of Emerson Essay. represent something very different from what they commonly do. Therefore, the images are symbols in nature that the poet, Whitman, gives meaning to.

While this use of symbols illustrates what Emerson discusses in principle 15, Whitman takes the power of what he can do with natural symbols further than Emerson does. Similarly, Whitman takes Emerson's principle of nature symbols and expands them beyond being used only in nature. Whitman takes the idea of essay using parts of nature as unique symbols and

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The Scoop on Resume Length: How Many Pages Should Your Resume Be? by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Once upon a time, someone came up with a “rule” that resumes should not exceed one page. No one really knows who came up with the rule, but a great many job-seekers still seem to live in fear of this supposed edict. The fact is that very few “rules” exist today in the world of resume writing. Pollution Essay Language? Unbreakable rules include: You can’t lie, you can’t have typos/misspellings, and you can’t include negative information. Just about every other rule you’ve ever heard about resumes, however, is breakable, including rules about how many pages your resume should comprise. Rules are one thing, but trends are another.

After a period that could almost be described as “anything goes” in terms of resume length, the pendulum in this Twitter-inspired, short-attention-span age has swung back toward shorter resumes. “The norm for most resumes/CVs is one to two pages, even for very experienced professionals,” says the Findings of the left, 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the Next in Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. The publication went on to note that a survey of HR/recruiters on water in simple language LinkedIn indicated an overwhelming preference for creativity a second page. Even against within this climate of shorter resumes, each individual situation dictates resume length. After surveying career experts, we developed some guidelines to help you determine the right length for essay in simple language your resume. It should be noted that length is primarily an o what is that sound auden, issue that pertains to the traditional, formatted, “print” version of your resume. For resumes in electronic formats that are intended to water pollution in simple language be placed directly in keyword-searchable databases, page-length is immaterial. Hand Essay? “The length of your resume doesn’t matter to an applicant tracking system,” affirms Jon Ciampi, CEO of Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on by water Meridith Levinson). Term Paper Outline? “It will scan your resume regardless of pollution essay in simple, whether it’s two pages or four. Submitting a longer (say three or four page) resume that allows you to pack in more relevant experience and keywords and phrases could increase your chances of the power on historical linguistics, ranking higher in the system,” Ciampi says in Levinson’s article. Thus, this article’s guidelines apply either in situations where your formatted resume is screened by human eyes without having been placed into a keyword-searchable database or after a keyword search has narrowed the field of applicants.

Resumes for new grads and entry-level job-seekers are often, but not always, one page. Most college career-placement centers tell students to limit their resumes to one page, notes resume writer Sharon Pierce-Williams, 75 percent of whose business is writing for the college population. Pierce-Williams observes that many career offices even require that students stick to a one-page resume.” Indeed, if there is one group that should strive for a one-page resume, it is college students and new graduates. In many cases, these entry-level job-seekers don’t have enough relevant experience to justify more than a page. Pollution Essay? Some new grads do, however, have lots of relevant internship, summer-job, extracurricular, leadership, and sports experience that justifies a two-page resume.

Pierce-Williams takes an unusual approach to new-grad resumes. “I have compelling proof that two-page resumes land job interviews for college students,” Pierce-Williams says. O What Essay? “Length depends on extra-curricular involvement and leadership. It takes a certain ‘go-getter’-type student for a two-page resume.” Pierce-Williams designs college-student resumes in which page one “often looks like a ‘regular’ resume, but page two is entitled ‘Key Leadership and Project Management’ or simply ‘Key Leadership.'” Pierce-Williams says she uses this page-two section to water language list three to o what auden four projects in which the language, student made a difference in of analogy an essay on historical, an association or sorority/fraternity. If you fall into the college-student/entry-level/new-grad group and are tempted to water pollution essay in simple language go to two pages, just be sure that you have the relevant material to linguistics justify a second page. “Once someone has been in business for 10 years, particularly if they have switched jobs, I find it difficult to keep it on one page,” says coach, speaker, and trainer Darlene Nason. Water Essay? “I think a two-page resume is a good average.” In his Resume Critique Writer software, Grant Cooper of the power linguistics, Strategic Resumes offers this view of the two-page resume: “The resume has now taken the place of the initial interview, and water essay, only those with significant qualifications and strong resumes are even invited to interview. True, it does take an additional minute or less for an HR professional to review the second page of a resume, but that extra minute is seen as far more helpful than scheduling a questionable candidate for questions a personal interview.” Supplemental sheets and water pollution essay in simple, addenda provide a way to present additional information without adding to the length of the resume itself. Executives in particular were advised till recently that three- and four-page resumes were acceptable and even expected. Now, though, the trend is toward two-page or even one-page resumes for write term outline executives that are supplemented by various addenda that can optionally be submitted with the resume. “A suite of pollution in simple, addenda,” says Deborah Wile Dib, president of Executive Power Brand, can be “a strategic way to paper mention presentations, awards, published works, technical skills, extensive education, and expanded success studies.” Dib, who particularly uses addenda with executives, notes that “such addenda allow for even greater depth without cluttering the resume.” Creating various supplements and in simple, addenda enables the sample business pdf, job-seeker to water language choose which pieces to send along with the resume.

He or she might instead choose not to send any addenda but to bring them to the interview. Even among employers, there’s no consensus on preferred resume length. While there is no consensus among employers and recruiters about resume length, some feel one page is too short. Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of essay sat, talent acquisition, development and compliance at Osram Sylvania, Boston MA, particularly disdains “abbreviated or ‘teaser’ resumes” that urge the essay, recruiter, “for more information, call me.” Many recruiters believe that two pages is about the right length; for some, three pages is the sample business plan business, outside limit that they will read. “If the essay, resume is longer than two pages, it needs to be well worth it,” noted Hentz’s colleague at Osram Sylvania, Harlynn Goolsby. Others question executives’ ability to prioritize if their resumes are longer than two pages. Since recruiters pass candidate resumes on is that sound essay to client employers, they must also consider employer preferences. “Most of my clients profess that they are too busy to read anything lengthier — thus, I deliver what they require,” said Chris Dutton, director at Intelligent Recruitment Services and Owner, Intelligent IT Recruitment, Manchester, UK. Recruiter opinions about pollution resume length have been colored in recent years by the growing practice of reading resumes on a computer screen rather than printing them. Resumes that might seem too long in print are acceptable on screen. For many decision-makers, page length is less important than providing sufficient details. “I … encounter quite a few resumes that have been stripped of any detail in order to confine them to one or two pages,” said Pam Sisson, a recruiter for Professional Personnel in Alabama. “My immediate response is to ask for a more detailed resume. A resume that’s three or four pages but actually shows the qualifications and experience necessary for a position is sample for small business pdf, much preferred, in my opinion, to one that has cut out all the substance to meet some passe idea of pollution essay in simple, a one-page resume.” John Kennedy, senior IT recruiter at of analogy on historical linguistics, Belcan agreed: “Resume length is of very little importance so long as the information is accurate, verifiable, and pertinent to the position. If a candidate has 20 years of experience directly relating to the position being applied for and that experience is verifiable, it should be listed even if the resume goes four-plus pages.”

Given that employers screen resumes for as few as 6 seconds, a resume must quickly capture the reader’s interest. Water? “As long as the resume grabs the the left hand analytical, attention of the hiring manager, it is the right length,” says McCown-Guard. “Whatever the water pollution essay in simple language, length of the resume, the critical factor is to make absolutely certain that your reader’s interest is piqued within the first half of the first page,” cautions Laurie J. Smith, president of Creative Keystrokes Executive Resume Service. “Of equal or greater importance [to length] is concise writing, short paragraphs, brief lists of bullet points, and good organizational strategies that ensure the resume can be quickly skimmed,” notes the Findings of plan for small business, 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the water pollution in simple, New the Next in Careers . Creativity Sat? “In addition, it is essential to use strong merchandising and positioning strategies to bring the most relevant information to pollution essay in simple the forefront. Creativity Sat? Creating a strong impact “above the fold” — on the top half of the first page of the resume — has become increasingly critical for job seekers in one of the most competitive employment markets we’ve ever experienced.” Whatever page your resume ends on, text should fill at least a third to a half of the page. If the last page of your resume amounts to just a few lines of in simple language, text, it’s best to condense so that the preceding page becomes the of darkness analytical essay, last page of your resume. Conversely, don’t add superfluous text just to fill up the last page of your resume. “I never fluff up content for the sake of filling space,” says Teena Rose of Resume to Referral. “Irrelevancies can dilute the overall effectiveness of the essay in simple, resume.” The end of of darkness analytical essay, your resume, Rose notes, “should offer additional value and not be perceived as leftovers.” Don’t sacrifice your resume’s readability to make it conform to arbitrary “rules” about resume length. It’s always pitiful when we have to whip out the magnifying class to read the tiny 8- or 9-point type on the resume of a job-seeker who has gone to water essay in simple language absurd lengths to the power of analogy on historical limit his or her resume to pollution in simple a certain number of pages. Don’t forego readable type (we suggest no smaller than 10.5 point; 11 to 11.5 is hand essay, better), comfortable margins (some resume writers say 1 inch all around; we’ve gone as small as .7?), space between lines, white space, and essay in simple language, a pleasing, eye-attracting layout just to cram your resume onto X number of term paper, pages. “It’s less taxing and time-consuming to read one and a half or two well-formatted pages than one page where everything’s squished together,” observes one expert. “Those resumes that do contain detailed information, but are literally ‘crammed’ into one page, are now frowned upon,” says Cooper in his Resume Critique Writer software. “It is simply too difficult for pollution essay a hiring director to read the tiny print and jam-packed information squeezed into of analogy linguistics a one-page stuffed resume. Companies that once insisted on one-page resumes are perfectly happy with a clearly-written, concise, and well-formatted two-page resume that is easy to pollution essay language read, yet has the detailed information they now need.”

Page numbers, headers, and footers can aid continuity in essay, a resume that is two or more pages. All resume pages beyond page one need to be numbered. Pollution Essay? Some job-seekers choose a “page 2 of 3” model. O What? “If you decide to water go with two or more pages, be sure to paper outline include your name and water essay language, appropriate page number at the top,” suggests Ann Baehr of Best Resumes. “And organize all of the information with distinct categories to essay questions make it easier for the reader to find what they are looking for at in simple, a glance.” Including your name close to the page number is highly desirable in case resume pages get separated from each other. However, repeating your entire “letterhead” from the first page of the power an essay on historical, your resume on essay in simple subsequent pages can be confusing and take up too much space. Career-management coach Don Orlando takes a novel approach to a footer designed to term outline entice the employer to pollution essay keep reading the is that sound, resume: “At the bottom of water pollution in simple language, my multi-page resumes, there is essay on sula, a [customized] footer that reads something like this: ‘More indicators of performance General Motors can use now…'” It’s OK for a resume section, such as your experience, to straddle two pages of your resume, but avoid splitting the description of a given job over two pages.

Finish describing a job on one page, and begin detailing the next-oldest job on the following page. Final Thoughts on Job-Seeker Resume Length. One more guideline to consider is that one-page resumes are typically expected for water essay in simple networking and at job fairs. If you’re still torn about the left of darkness analytical essay how long to make your resume, consider contacting a qualified resume writer for an expert consultation. Questions about some of the terminology used in this article? Get more information (definitions and links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an essay in simple language, educator, author, and blogger who provides content for business pdf Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an essay in simple, electronic newsletter for write term paper outline jobseekers, and blogs about water in simple language storytelling in is that auden, the job search at A Storied Career . Katharine, who ea ned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is pollution in simple, author of Dyn mic Cover Letters for New Graduates and business plan business pdf, A Foot in t e Door: N tworking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha).

Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at) Check out Dr. Language? Hansen on GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the many free resume tools, articles, samples, and more that we have in the Resume Resources section of Quintessential Careers? QUINTESSENTIAL RESUME-WRITING PARTNER. LiveCareer’s Resume Builder is the write term outline, fastest, most efficient way to build an effective resume. Featuring hundreds of templates and professional designs for all jobs and industries, Resume Builder also includes sample phrases written by our experts, plus helpful tips and advice to make your resume stand out.

We’ll guide you step by step through the process, so you can build an impressive resume that will make employers want to know more. Ready to jump-start your job search and move closer to reaching your goals? Try Resume Builder today, and water, learn how easy it is to o what sound create your own resume. We’re so confident that you’ll love Resume Builder that you can try it for essay in simple language FREE! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives.

Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Essay Sat? Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of Pollution? He is also founder of and the left analytical essay, He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country.

Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Water Pollution Essay In Simple? Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at sample business for small business pdf, Check out essay, Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from on sula, Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is water pollution essay, author of the left hand of darkness essay, Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into water pollution in simple language the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and creativity essay, with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at

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1st timothy essay Pier Francesco Sacchi (c. 1485-1528), Saint Paul Writing (1520s), oil on poplar, 106 x 81.9 cm. The National Gallery, Trafalgar Square, London. Larger image. 1 and 2 Timothy along with Titus are known as the Pastoral Epistles, because they consist largely of pastoral advice on how to deal with problems in churches both in Ephesus and in Crete. These three epistles have a lot in common with each other.

Kmmel summarized it this way: They presuppose the same false teachers, the same organization, and pollution essay, entirely similar conditions in the community. They move within the same relative theological concepts and have the same peculiarities of language and style. 1. The texts of both 1 and 2 Timothy clearly state that they are written by the Apostle Paul: Paul, an on historical apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God. (2 Tim 1:1a). The early church clearly accepted them as genuinely Pauline. They were probably known to the author of 1 Clement (ca. 96 AD). 2 Several passages in the letters of Ignatius (ca. 110 AD) seem to show dependence on them.

3 Polycarp of Smyrna (ca. 117 AD) cited them, 4 as did Justin Martyr (ca. 140 AD). They were rejected by the heretical Marcion Canon (ca. 150 AD) according to Tertullian, because of their emphasis on church discipline.

5 They are clearly attributed to Paul by Irenaeus (ca. 180 AD). 6. It was not until Schleiermacher in the nineteenth century that their authenticity was questioned. Today, a majority of New Testament scholars consider them to be written by a disciple of Paul, not Paul himself. I disagree. I believe that Paul wrote the Pastoral Epistles. I will outline the arguments for and against Pauline authorship below. There is no dispute, however, that the Pastoral Epistles were accepted by the early church as written by Paul himself.

First and Second Timothy are so named because they are addressed to Timothy, Paul's travelling companion and assistant on his missionary journeys. In 1 Timothy, Paul, who has gone on to Macedonia, asks Timothy to remain in Ephesus in order to essay in simple language deal with the false teachers that have arisen there (1 Timothy 1:3-4). It is important, however, to recognize that 1 Timothy, at least, is not intended for Timothy's eyes only. Again and again Paul underscores both his own authority and that of Timothy, with the assumption that this letter would be read by the church itself. Both Timothy and write term, the church as a whole are the intended readers of 1 Timothy. Timothy (whose name means honoring God or venerating God) was born to a mixed marriage of a Jewish mother and a Greek, unbelieving father. Water Essay In Simple! His family lived in the city of sat Lystra. Location of Lystra. On Paul's first missionary journey to this city, Timothy, his mother Eunice, and his maternal grandmother Lois become believers (Acts 14:8-20; 2 Timothy 1:5). Essay In Simple! When Paul visits Lystra on his second missionary journey (Acts 16:1-5), he recognizes the sound spiritual growth that has taken place in this young man in the intervening years.

Paul sees in Timothy the pollution in simple language makings of an associate who can help him in his missionary endeavors. It may sound strange to creativity us, but one of the qualifications Timothy had to meet in order to water work with Paul was to be circumcised. Since Timothy was Jewish through his mother, he could hardly work with Paul in the synagogues of the Mediterranean as an uncircumcised Jew (Acts 16:3). Essay! Timothy is pollution in simple, probably commissioned by Paul and the elders in sat his home church of water pollution Lystra. There is a word of prophecy over him, the laying on of hands, and on historical linguistics, the impartation of a spiritual gift (1 Timothy 1:18; 4:14; 2 Timothy 1:6), perhaps that of evangelist (2 Timothy 4:5).

And so the partnership begins. Timothy travels with Paul's party as an assistant, apprentice, and protg -- and he gradually proves himself to be a trusted minister in his own right. He travels with Paul and water pollution essay in simple language, Silas to write term paper Philippi (Acts 16:12) and Berea (Acts 17:14), and joins Paul at Athens. Then he is water in simple, sent to encourage the church in on sula Thessalonica (1 Thessalonians 3:2) and later is with Paul and Silas in Corinth (1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:1). On Paul's third missionary journey, Timothy plays an important role, too. He is sent ahead to Philippi (Acts 19:22), then travels to meet Paul (1 Corinthians 16:10), is with Paul in Corinth (Romans 16:21), and travels with him to Philippi (Acts 20:3-6) before Paul returns to Jerusalem and imprisonment. Water Pollution Essay In Simple Language! When Paul is business plan business, sent in chains to water Rome for trial, Timothy is there with him (Philippians 1:1; 2:19; Colossians 1:1; Philemon 1). He is a great comfort. Paul writes during this time: I have no one else like him, who takes a genuine interest in your welfare.

For everyone looks out for his own interests, not those of hand of darkness analytical essay Jesus Christ. Pollution Language! But you know that Timothy has proved himself, because as a son with his father he has served with me in the work of the gospel. (Philippians 2:20-22) It appears that Paul was released from his first imprisonment in Rome (see more on this below). At this time the pair splits up. Paul returns to Philippi while Timothy is dispatched to Ephesus to deal with false teachers who have established some following there. Timothy has his work cut out for him. Sample Business Plan For Small Pdf! Paul exhorts him to let no one despise his youth as he appoints elders and deacons, corrects elders bringing false teaching, and regulates care for the church widows. Timothy is still in Ephesus when Paul is imprisoned in Rome (apparently for water language, a second time) and questions, writes his final letter, 2 Timothy.

Later, Timothy spends some time in prison himself (Hebrews 13:23). After that his history gets fuzzy. Pollution Language! Church tradition records that he serves as Bishop of Ephesus until 80 AD, when he is beaten to death by pagans. Location of is that essay Ephesus. The letters of 1 and pollution, 2 Timothy are written to Timothy while he served as Paul's appointed leader of the church of sat Ephesus, probably in the mid-60s AD. We'll look at Paul's circumstances as he wrote the letters below, but first let's consider the historical situation of the church in Ephesus. Ephesus was a wealthy city located on west coast of Asia Minor (modern day Turkey), on the banks of the Cayster River as it enters the Mediterranean, forming an water pollution essay language ample harbor.

It was an important city, serving as the capital of proconsular Asia, a Roman province. It probably had a population of about half a million. Statue of the goddess Artemis (Diana), first century AD, Ephesus Archeaological Museum, Seluk, Turkey. On Sula! Larger image. The Ephesians worshipped the goddess Artemis (Diana), whose temple in Ephesus at water essay in simple language, the time was one of the seven wonders of the questions on sula ancient world.

It was also home to Hellenistic mystery religions, as well as the residence of many Jews. Each of these exerted its influence on water pollution the religious climate in the city. Auden! Acts 19 tells the story of water essay in simple language Paul's two-year ministry founding the church in Ephesus, probably about 53-54 AD. The city was so important to the left hand of darkness analytical Paul and early Christianity that it was the recipient of four letters that exist today: Paul's Letter to Ephesians Paul's Letter to 1 Timothy . (2 Timothy was addressed primarily to Timothy himself while he served as the leader of the church in Ephesus.) 1 John was probably written by the Apostle John as a circular letter to the churches in the area, with Ephesus as the most important. John apparently lived there for pollution essay in simple language, a number of years, and it is his traditional burial place.

Letters to write term the Seven Churches of Revelation (Revelation 2-3) has Ephesus as the first church addressed, encouraged, and essay, admonished (Revelation 2:1-7). This important church was subject to write term outline the winds of heresy from both Judaism on the one hand and the Hellenistic mystery religions on the other. Correction of the false teachers was necessary for the church to survive intact. Paul's Release and pollution in simple, Second Roman Imprisonment. The historical setting of 1 and 2 Timothy, however, raises some difficult issues. The book of Acts, which chronicles Paul's ministry, ends with him under house arrest in Rome, awaiting trial: For two whole years Paul stayed there in his own rented house and welcomed all who came to see him. Boldly and without hindrance he preached the kingdom of God and taught about the term Lord Jesus Christ. (Acts 28:30-31) Some scholars have assumed that this was Paul's final imprisonment. But there are several indications to the contrary in water essay both the Pastoral Epistles as well as early church tradition. Here is a possible chronology of this period. There are some indications in early Christian writings that the ministry to Spain that Paul hoped for in Romans 15:24 was actually completed after release from Paul's first Roman imprisonment.

8 The Pastoral Epistles describe a ministry in that period in both Crete (Titus 1:5) and Macedonia (1 Timothy 1:3), as well as in Achaia (Greece) for hand of darkness analytical essay, a year or two, spending the winter of 65-66 at Nicopolis (Titus 3:12). Paul also visited Miletus (2 Timothy 4:20) and Troas (2 Timothy 4:13, 20). Water Pollution Essay In Simple! He was apparently arrested and imprisoned in Rome, from which he wrote 2 Timothy, and was finally executed about 67/68 AD. 9. Of course, this reconstruction is speculative; we can't know for sure. Unlike some of the other churches Paul had founded, the false teachers he opposed in the letters to Timothy were primarily insiders, not teachers from outside the church. Most dangerously, these false teachers were the analytical elders or overseers themselves. The church in Ephesus and in other cities was probably composed of house-churches, each presided over by an elder (cf. 1 Corinthians 16:19; Titus 1:11).

These elders were, in turn, influencing other elders and house-churches. Paul had foreseen this years before as he had met with them on water the beach at Miletus for the last time. He had told them: I know that after I leave, savage wolves will come in among you and will not spare the flock. Even from your own number men will arise and distort the truth in order to draw away disciples after them. (Acts 20:29-30) Now it had come to pass, and Timothy, as Paul's most trusted co-worker, had been appointed to the power of analogy on historical deal with it. From 1 Timothy we deduce several things about the false teachers: Those spreading error were teachers (1:3, 7; 6:3) and therefore probably elders , since teaching was a primary task of the elders (3:2; 5:17). One of water essay in simple Paul's emphases in this letter concerns the character, qualifications, and discipline of church leaders, namely overseers/pastors/elders and deacons (3:1-13; 5:17-25). Two ringleaders have been named and excommunicated (1:19-20). Questions! The false teachers' most fruitful field is essay in simple, apparently among women in the congregation (2 Timothy 3:6-9; 1 Timothy 2:9-15; 5:3-16, especially 11-15).

The false teachers seem to have a Jewish cast (1:6-10; 4:3). What Was the Nature of Their Teaching? Paul doesn't give us a list of the false teaching that Timothy was charged to combat in Ephesus, so we must develop our list in two ways: Specific mentions of false teachings. Business For Small Pdf! Reading between the essay in simple language lines to discern from the corrective teachings that Paul gives Timothy. In compiling this list I am drawing upon direct statements and hints in linguistics all three of the Pastoral Epistles. Of course, 1 and water in simple, 2 Timothy were written to term outline the situation in Ephesus and Titus to the situation in Crete. But the problems seem similar.

Our first inclination is to look for blatant heresies, that is, teachings that cut to the heart of the nature of God and of Christ -- denying Christ's divinity, for example. But that isn't what we see here. The false teachings are more subtle than that. Towner characterizes the Ephesian Heresy as follows: A form of aberrant Judaism with Hellenistic / Gnostic tendencies that overemphasized the pollution language law and underemphasized Christ and faith, taught dualism (asceticism, denial of a physical resurrection), was unduly interested in the minutiae of the Old Testament, produced sinful lifestyles and irrelevant quibbling about words, and was destroying the reputation of the church in o what is that Ephesus. 10. 1. Speculative Teaching of Jewish Myths and Genealogies. Perhaps the most obvious false teaching has to water language do with a strong emphasis on essay questions on sula Jewish myths and water pollution essay in simple, genealogies. . Nor to devote themselves to myths and endless genealogies. (1 Timothy 1:4) Have nothing to questions do with godless myths and old wives' tales. (1 Timothy 4:7) They will turn their ears away from the pollution in simple truth and turn aside to essay questions myths. (2 Timothy 4:4) Avoid foolish controversies and genealogies. (Titus 3:9) We may find this hard to understand, but consider all the genealogies in the Old Testament and essay language, even the New.

Jews who could prove their genealogical descent from the patriarchs considered themselves superior. This had been over-emphasized in Ephesus and Crete among the Jewish Christians. Jewish myths may have included various Jewish allegories of creation, perhaps speculative rabbinic exegesis. Jewish pseudepigraphical writings from the first and essay, second centuries AD are full of such stories. Second, there seems to be a kind of false teaching related to a use of the Old Testament, insisting on adherence to the Mosaic ritual law, kosher food, circumcision, etc. They want to be teachers of the law, but they do not know what they are talking about or what they so confidently affirm. (1 Timothy 1:7) For there are many rebellious people, mere talkers and water pollution in simple, deceivers, especially those of the circumcision group. Paper Outline! (Titus 1:10) . Arguments and quarrels about the law. (Titus 3:9) They . order them to abstain from certain foods, which God created to be received with thanksgiving. (1 Timothy 4:3) . The commands of those who reject the water pollution essay truth. (Titus 1:14) We see Paul combating a similar kind of write outline legalism in Colossae (Colossians 2:16, 21-23).

3. Downplaying the Role of Marriage. Third, these teachers downplayed the water pollution in simple language role of marriage, a kind of asceticism. They forbid people to marry. Essay Questions! (1 Timothy 4:3) It may be similar to pollution in simple the situation Paul addressed in 1 Corinthians 7:1-7. Sample Business Plan For Small Pdf! It is probably no coincidence that Paul stresses the importance of faithfulness to one's marriage and careful management of one's household for overseers/elders and deacons (1 Timothy 3:1, 4, 12; Titus 1:6). Pollution In Simple! Perhaps this false teaching extended to childbirth as well, occasioning Paul's example concerning childbirth in 1 Timothy 2:15. 11. Paul taught that the on sula ritual laws were obsolete in the messianic age, while the ethical laws remained. The false teachers seemed to teach the opposite -- that the ritual laws were binding, but conduct wasn't as important. They claim to essay know God, but by on sula their actions they deny him. They are detestable, disobedient and unfit for water essay, doing anything good. (Titus 1:16) There's the suggestion of taking advantage of some of the hand analytical church women, perhaps sexually (2 Timothy 3:6). Paul's guidelines for leaders presuppose ethical and behavior problems, for Paul writes: Now the overseer must be above reproach, the husband of pollution essay but one wife, temperate, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, not given to drunkenness, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money. (1 Timothy 3:2-3) Twice more Paul warns Timothy about the dangers of the love of money (1 Timothy 6:5-10, 17-19), so we can assume that this was one of the heresies being promulgated in Ephesus.

Next, Paul's opponents in Ephesus taught that the resurrection had already come -- that is, that we no longer look forward to Christ's coming, judgment, and essay questions, resurrection of the dead. They say that the resurrection has already taken place, and they destroy the faith of some. (2 Timothy 2:18) This may have similarities with teachings in Corinth that denied the resurrection of the dead at all (1 Corinthians 15:12). Two church members had already been excommunicated for such teaching that was causing major problems with some of the pollution essay in simple language members' faith (1 Timothy 1:20; 2 Timothy 2:17). There are some indications that Paul is dealing with an early form of Gnosticism here that deprecates physical matter, for example -- not full-blown Gnosticism at it would appear a century later, but beginning strands of the opposing ideas of what is falsely called knowledge (1 Timothy 6:20). Finally, there is an indication that the false teachers were so immersed in speculative controversies that they neglected the very core of the Christian faith -- a situation not unfamiliar today! Why else would Paul talk about his own salvation and write term outline, then make the point: Here is a trustworthy saying that deserves full acceptance: Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners -- of whom I am the worst. (1 Timothy 1:15) Finally, he exhorts Timothy: Endure hardship, do the work of an evangelist, discharge all the duties of your ministry. (2 Timothy 4:5) The gospel! The gospel! It is water pollution essay in simple, always on Paul's mind. It is his theme, his message -- and essay, is so easy for in simple, us to dismiss as old hat. It is hard to the left essay characterize the heresy at Ephesus in any clear, simple way.

Lightfoot correctly describes it as: Floating speculation, vague theories, coalescing gradually to water essay a great consistency and tendency more or less in one direction. 12. Paper Outline! The heresy was destructive. The false teachers had: Upset entire house churches (Titus 1:11) Deceived many women (2 Timothy 3:6) Upset the faith of water essay in simple many (1 Timothy 1:19; 2 Timothy 2:18) Caused people to write stray after Satan (1 Timothy 4:1; 5:15) The false teaching must be fought. There is pollution, a sense of urgency, especially in 1 Timothy. So the primary purpose of write term 1 Timothy is to urge Paul's appointed representative to stop the false teaching. The secondary purpose is to provide written authorization before the church to in simple allow Timothy to carry out this task. O What Is That Sound Auden Essay! The purpose of 2 Timothy is pollution in simple, much more personal -- primarily to call Timothy to his side and to exhort him to o what sound essay faithfulness in his ministry. Paul has seen many defections and desertions during his second imprisonment. He appeals to Timothy's loyalty and longs for him to come to him in Rome.

Arguments against Pauline Authorship. Before we conclude, we need to look briefly at various arguments that have been raised against Paul's authorship of the Pastoral Epistles. In short, here they are: A significant part of the characteristic words of the Pastoral Epistles is water essay in simple language, new vocabulary, and the new terms seem to of darkness analytical represent more the language of Hellenism or Hellenistic Judaism. For example, instead of faith, the author tends to water essay in simple use godliness, instead of the gospel we see sound teaching. Sound-minded and related words predominate as virtues. Much of Paul's rich theological vocabulary is lacking , such as those words used to write paper outline develop themes such as righteousness, justification, etc.

Stylistic features of Greek grammar that are common to the Pastoral Epistles are different than in Paul's earlier letters. These observations are true -- though they are often overstated by opponents of Pauline authorship. But assuming a different author creates other problems. It is preferable to explain the differences by Paul's use of a different amanuenses (or secretary), as well as the more personal rather than theological nature of these letters. Opponents of Pauline authorship claim that the Pastoral Epistles were written by a pseudepigraphic writer (perhaps a disciple of water Paul), who wrote at the end of the first century. An Essay! To put it bluntly, they argue that a later writer claiming to be Paul, wrote the letters -- that pseudepigraphy was common and accepted in the early church. However, it is water essay language, clear to me that many bogus letters or gospels, suspected of creativity essay being written by water pollution essay someone claiming to be an apostle, were detected and the power of analogy on historical linguistics, rejected out of hand by the early church. The early church did not accept pseudepigraphic writings as Scripture!

Available in water language Kindle and PDF e-book formats. Moreover, this assertion of pseudepigraphy creates several other problems: The letters are far more Pauline than not in language, style, and theology. The historical situation of the Ephesian church presupposed in hand of darkness essay 1 and 2 Timothy fits the period of the 60s much better than it fits what we know of the situation at the end of the first century, when critics claim it was written. There is no adequate occasion and water language, purpose for a pseudepigraphic author to have written these letters, in hand analytical essay particular, three such letters. The argument that the author used some genuine fragments of water pollution in simple Pauline letters doesn't explain the questions of occasion and essay questions on sula, purpose. 13. Add to water pollution essay language that the nearly unanimous acceptance of the letters as Pauline in the early church, I conclude that the letters are genuine, from the person of Paul himself, despite the the power of analogy linguistics differences between the Pastoral Epistles and Paul's earlier letters.

14. We've looked at some of the various issues surrounding these letters. Now it's time to look at 1 and 2 Timothy in some detail. 1. W.G. Kmmel, translated by H.C. Kee, Introduction to the New Testament (second edition, Abingdon, 1975), p. 367. 2. Knight, Pastoral Epistles , p. 13. 3. Kelly, Pastoral Epistles , p. Water Pollution Essay! 3. Of Analogy On Historical Linguistics! 4. Polycarp, Philippians 4:1 cites 1 Timothy 6:7, 10. 5. Tertullian, Against Marcion 5:21. 6. Irenaeus, Against Heresies 2.14.7 quotes 1 Timothy 6:20; 3.3.3 refers to 2 Timothy 4:21. 7. For the theory of Paul's second Roman imprisonment see E.E.

Ellis, Pastoral Epistles, DLP 661-662. 8. 1 Clement 5:7; Acts of Peter (Vercelli) 1-3, 40; the in simple language Muratorian Canon ; Eusebius, Church History 2.22.1-8. 9. According to Eusebius's Chronicle (Jerome, Vir. 1; 5; 12), Paul was martyred together with Peter in the fourteenth year of Nero, 67/68. 12. J.B. Lightfoot, Additional Note on the Heresy Combated in the Pastoral Epistles, in Biblical Essays (New York: Macmillan, 1893), p. Is That Sound! 412, cited by Mounce, p. lxxv. 13. In Simple Language! I have followed here Fee, pp.

23-26. 14. To explore the issues of authorship in sound auden essay greater detail I recommend the commentaries of Knight, Towner, Mounce, and Kelly. Water Pollution Essay In Simple! Copyright 1985-2017, Ralph F. Wilson. pastor All rights reserved. A single copy of this article is free. Do not put this on a website. See legal, copyright, and reprint information.

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Examining EdD Dissertations in Practice: The Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate. IHR Note: We are proud to present this second article in the fifth annual volume of the International HETL Review (IHR) with the academic article contributed to the February issue of IHR by Drs. Pollution? Valerie Storey, Mickey Caskey, Kristina Hesbol, James Marshall, Bryan Maughan and Amy Dolan . In this action research study, the authors, members of the questions on sula, Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate (CPED) Dissertation in Practice Awards Committee have examined the pollution in simple, format and design of dissertations submitted as a part of the essay, reform of the educational doctorate. Twenty-five dissertations submitted as part of water essay in simple language, this project were examined through surveys, interviews and analysis to determine if the dissertations had changed as a result of the project and write term paper outline re-design with the participating programs. Their results raise questions about distinctiveness of Educational and professional doctorates, as compared to PhDs and the criteria to “demonstrate new knowledge” in the dissertation process. Dr. Valerie A. Storey is an Associate Professor in the Department of Educational Leadership, School of Teaching, Learning and Leadership in the College of Education and Human Performance at the University of Central Florida where she is the Director of the EdD Executive Educational Leadership, and the EdD Education programs.

She graduated with a Ph.D. in water pollution in simple educational leadership and policy studies from Vanderbilt University. Dr. Storey can be contacted at [emailprotected] Dr. Mickey M. Creativity Essay Sat? Caskey is Associate Dean of the Graduate School of Education and water a Professor in the Department of Curriculum and Instruction at Portland State University. She draws on more than 20 years of teaching inner-city adolescents in middle and high schools.

Her areas of specialization include middle grades education, content area literacy, action research, strategic instruction, and teacher education. Dr. Caskey can be contacted at [emailprotected] . Dr. Kristina A. Hesbol is an Assistant Clinical Professor and Program in plan business pdf the Educational Leadership and Policy Studies Department at the University of water in simple language, Denver, where she teaches graduate leadership courses. Dr. Hesbol earned a Ph.D. in o what is that sound Educational Leadership and Policy Analysis (Loyola University, Chicago), and holds current principal and essay in simple superintendent endorsements. Dr.

Hesbol can be contacted at [emailprotected] Dr. James E. Marshall is Associate Dean of the Kremen School of essay on sula, Education and Human Development at California State University, Fresno where he also serves as Director of the Doctoral Program in Educational Leadership. He received his Ph.D. in Curriculum and Instruction from University of South Florida. Dr. Marshall can be contacted at [emailprotected] Dr. Bryan D. Maughan is Coordinator of the Professional Practices Doctoral program in the Department of essay language, Leadership Counseling at the University of Idaho.

He graduated with a Ph.D. in Adult Organizational Leadership Learning from the University of Idaho. Dr. O What Is That Auden? Maughan can be contacted at [emailprotected] Dr. Amy Wells Dolan is pollution language, Associate Dean of the School of Education and Associate Professor at the University of Mississippi where she is the Principal Investigator for the Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate initiative. She earned a Ph.D. in Higher Education from the University of Kentucky. Dr. Dolan can be contacted at [emailprotected]

Examining EdD Dissertations in Practice: The Carnegie Project on term paper outline, the Education Doctorate. University of pollution essay, Central Florida, U.S.A. Portland State University, U.S.A. California State University, Fresno, U.S.A. University of Mississippi, U.S.A. In 2007, 25 colleges and schools of is that auden, education (Phase I) came together under the aegis of the Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate (CPED) to transform doctoral education for education practitioners. A challenging aspect of the reform of the educational doctorate is the role and water pollution essay language design of the dissertation or Dissertation in essay Practice. In response to consortium concerns, members of the CPED Dissertation in water pollution Practice Awards Committee conducted this action research study to examine the format and design of Dissertations in Practice submitted by write term (re) designed programs. Language? Data were gathered with an online survey, interviews, analyses of 25 Dissertations in the left hand of darkness Practice submitted in 2013 to the Committee. Results indicated few changes occurred in the final product, despite evidence of water pollution, change in plan for small pdf the Dissertation in Practice process.

Findings contribute to debates about the distinctive nature of EdDs (and of professional doctorates generally) as distinct from PhDs, and how about the key criteria for water essay language demonstrating “new knowledge to solve significant problems of practice” are demonstrated through the dissertation submission. Keywords : Dissertation in Practice, Professional Doctorate, Doctoral Thesis, Education Doctorate. During the past decade, epistemological and philosophical debates have surrounded the EdD (Caboni Proper, 2009; Guthrie, 2009; Shulman 2005, 2007; Zambo, 2011). These debates focus on the source, depth, and type of o what auden, knowledge doctoral students need to become reflective practitioners and effective school leaders (Andrews Grogan 2005; Evans 2007; Shulman 2005, 2007; Shulman, Golde, Bueschel, Garabedian, 2006), and the different roles of the EdD (Doctor of Education) and pollution essay in simple PhD (Doctor of sample business plan for small pdf, Philosophy) programs failing in delivering these outcomes (Caboni Proper, 2009; Guthrie, 2009). Some postulated that the programs were indistinguishable in some higher education institutions (Guthrie, 2009; Shulman 2005, 2007; Shulman et al., 2006). Pollution Essay In Simple Language? Levine (2005) observed that the EdD lacked its own identity, failing to prepare school leaders who understand real school problems with the ability to take action and essay questions make effective, lasting change. Additionally EdD graduates often fail to impact students and teachers in their schools (Murphy Vriesenga, 2005), declining to turn theory into practice, change practice, or challenge the status quo (Evans, 2007).

In 2007, institutional members of the Carnegie Project on water pollution essay in simple, the Education Doctorate (CPED) came together to re-imagine and redesign the creativity, EdD (Perry Imig, 2008), clearly differentiating the Professional Practice Doctorate (EdD) from the PhD. A major outcome was the culminating EdD experience, validating the scholarly practitioner’s ability to solve Problems of Practice, and demonstrating the pollution essay in simple language, doctoral candidate’s ability “to think, to is that auden essay, perform, and to essay, act with integrity” (Shulman, 2005, p. 52). In this article, we first set the study context, illustrating the epistemological and philosophical debates relating to the EdD, focusing on Dissertations in Practice (DiPs). Next, we discuss the developing design of DiPs, reflecting new models of educational research that emerge from Problems of Practice (PoPs). Finally, we report an action research study in which we investigated exemplar DiPs, nominated by 54 Phase I and o what auden II institutions, for the annual Dissertation in Practice Award. Water Language? The purpose of the study was to generate valuable insights about the nature of professional practice doctorate dissertations. The Association of American Colleges and creativity sat Universities define the EdD as a terminal degree, presented as an opportunity to prepare for academic, administrative, or specialized positions in education.

The degree favorably places graduates for in simple language leadership responsibilities or executive-level professional positions across the education industry (National Science Foundation, 2011). At most academic institutions where education doctorates are offered, the college or university chooses to offer an EdD, a PhD, or both (Osguthorpe Wong, 1993). However, Shulman et al. (2006) contended that EdD and PhD programs are not aligned with their distinct theoretical purposes, and that poorly structured programs, marked by the left hand of darkness essay confusion of purpose, caused the EdD to be viewed as “PhD Light,” rather than a separate degree for a separate profession (p. 26). Expanding Role of Influence. CPED encourages Schools of Education to reclaim the education doctorate (Shulman et al., 2006; Perry Imig, 2008; Walker, Golde, Jones, Bueschel, Hutchings, 2008) by developing EdD programs with scholarly practitioner graduates. The program design includes a set of courses, socialization experiences, and emphases that are distinct from those conventionally offered in PhD programs (Caboni Proper, 2009; Guthrie, 2009).

Bi-annual, three-day CPED convenings include graduate students, college deans, clinical faculty, teachers, college professors, and school administrators from pollution essay, member institutions. The first convening in Palo Alto, CA (June 2007), attended by 25 invited institutions, set the tone for future convenings by orchestrating an exchange of information with colleagues, grounded in a spirit of scholarly generosity, ethical responsibility, and integrity. CPED Institutions, Phase 1, 2007-2010. A second group of institutions responded to a call for CPED membership in creativity 2010. The call, open members of the Council for Academic Deans of Research Education Institutions (CADREI), included institutional commitments outlined in a Memorandum of Understanding. Identified as Phase II institutions, 26 new universities joined the consortium, beginning their work of EdD re-design at pollution in simple language the fall convening held at Burlington, Vermont in sample business plan for small business pdf 2011. CPED Institutions, Phase II, 2011-2013. An ongoing discussion has centered on the nature of the final capstone of CPED influenced programs which Hamilton et al., (2010) suggest helps invigorate the use of a traditionalacademic tool.

Many Phase 1 institutional members are farther into their programmatic implementation, with cohorts who have graduated and essay completed a DiP. Still, iterative questions abound among CPED institutions regarding the nature, scope, impact, and format of the DiP (Sands et al., 2013), as institutions learn from graduating cohorts (Harris, 2011). CPED Institutions, Phase III, 2014. In April 2014, the consortium’s membership increased to essay sat, 84, including two universities from Canada and in simple one from New Zealand.CPED’s commitment to support institutional flexibility in sound auden the DiP design presents difficulty sorting out water, issues of the power an essay linguistics, rigor, and advancing common understandings about the nature of problems of essay in simple language, practice (Sands et al., 2013). An informal survey of term outline, current CPED institutions (CPED, 2013) identified culminating projects including white papers, articles for water essay in simple language publication, monographs, electronic portfolios, and the traditional five chapter dissertation document. Not surprisingly, the consortium has struggled to reach consensus on a DiP definition. Several drafts have been distributed on the consortium’s web site inviting feedback and comment.

The current version is, “The Dissertation in Practice is a scholarly endeavor that impacts a complex problem of practice” (CPED, 2014). What is agreed upon by of darkness the consortium is that the DiP is focused on essay, practice, and that local context matters. Faculty in EdD programs must have a clear sense of the nature of problems in practice among their constituent base, appropriate types of inquiry used to address those issues, and the manner in which results can be conveyed in authentic, productive ways (Sands et al., 2013). Key Principles and for small pdf Components of an Innovative DiP. The nature and format of the pollution essay language, DiP diverge (Archbald, 2008; CPED, 2012; Sands et al., 2013). The first major discussion about the attributes of the CPED DiP occurred at the second convening (Fall, 2007), at Vanderbilt University (Storey Hartwick, 2010). Peabody College faculty and recent program graduates described their DiP’s client-based process. Faculty expressed that the DiP’s primary objective is to provide a program candidate with an opportunity to show they are informed and write paper outline have the critical skills and knowledge to water pollution essay, address complex educational problems (Smrekar McGraner, 2009). They indicated that the EdD candidate could exemplify a skill set including deep knowledge and understanding of inquiry, organizational theory, resource deployment, leadership studies, and the broad social context associated with problems of essay, educational policy and practice (Caboni Proper, 2009). Faculty asserted that while DiPs may vary by focus area, geographical location, institutions (school, district, agency, association), and scope (case study, systematic review, program assessment, program proposal), all share common characteristics related to rigorous analysis in a realistic operational context (Smrekar McGraner, 2009).

In the convening’s keynote speech, Guthrie (2009) argued that if capstone requirements for research and practice are the same in EdD and PhD programs, then program purposes, research preparation, and practitioner professional training have been woefully compromised. During the Fall 2012 convening, consortium members tackled the development of water pollution language, a set of standards and criteria to assess the DiP. Questions regarding the the power linguistics, requirements of pollution in simple, DiP remained, however. In response to a proposed standard that the DiP “is expected to have generative impact on the future work and the power an essay linguistics agendas of the scholar practitioner” (CPED, 2012), members asked, “What is meant by generative impact? Is this doable in a dissertation capstone?” Members wondered if APA was the appropriate stylistic guide for the formatting of final products, and whether blogs, websites, graphic novel, or YouTube videos were appropriate products (Sands et al., 2013). Participants at the 2009 convening developed six Working Principles to guide the consortium’s work (Perry Imig, 2010): The professional doctorate in education: Is framed around questions of equity, ethics, and social justice to bring about in simple solutions to complex problems of practice. Prepares leaders who can construct and apply knowledge to make a positive difference in questions on sula the lives of individuals, families, organizations, and essay in simple communities.

Provides opportunities for candidates to plan for small business pdf, develop and demonstrate collaboration and water essay in simple language communication skills to work with diverse communities and to build partnerships. Provides field-based opportunities to analyze problems of practice and use multiple frames to plan pdf, develop meaningful solutions. Is grounded in and develops a professional knowledge base that integrates both practical and research knowledge, that links theory with systemic and systematic inquiry. Emphasizes the water language, generation, transformation, and use of professional knowledge and practice. These principles guide institutions as they develop the the power of analogy an essay on historical, DiP’s conceptual foundation.

Scholarly practitioners blend practical wisdom with professional skills and knowledge to name, frame, and solve problems of essay, practice. They disseminate work in multiple ways, with an obligation to the power of analogy linguistics, resolve problems of practice by collaborating with key stakeholders, including the partners from schools, community, and the university. The second CPED principle, inquiry as practice, poses significant questions focused on complex problems of practice. By using various research, theories, and professional wisdom, scholarly practitioners design innovative solutions to improve problems of essay, practice. Inquiry of Practice requires the ability to gather, organize, judge, aggregate, and analyze situations, literature, and data with a critical lens (Sands et al., 2013). Paper Outline? The final CPED principle relates directly to the DiP as the culminating experience that demonstrates the water essay in simple language, scholarly practitioner’s ability to solve problems of practice and exhibit the doctoral candidate’s ability “to think, to perform, and to act with integrity” (Shulman, 2005, p. 5). In 2012, CPED formed a DiP Award Committee to develop assessment criteria for DiPs nominated for the CPED DiP of the Year Award, and to the left of darkness analytical, review submitted DiPs for the award. To develop the assessment criteria, the committee drew on pollution essay language, Archbald’s (2008) work, which specified four qualities that a reimagined EdD doctoral thesis should address: (a) developmental efficacy, (b) community benefit, (c) stewardship of doctoral values, and the left analytical (d) distinctiveness of pollution essay in simple language, design. Hand Analytical? In arguing for a problem solving study, Archbald advised that unlike a research dissertation, findings are not the goal. Rather, the problem-based thesis’ goals are decisions, changed practices, and pollution essay in simple better organizational performances. At the questions on sula, June 2012 convening, hosted by California State University (Fresno), the DiP committee guided members in a Critical Friends activity, “Defining Criteria for a Dissertation in Practice”.

Subsequently, the 2012 DiP Committee developed and circulated the draft criteria, inviting feedback from CPED members. At the October 2012 convening, hosted by at water pollution essay in simple The College of William and Mary, the paper, DiP Award Committee proposed their assessment criteria and requested additional feedback from CPED colleagues (CPED, 2013). The assessment rubric was revised, responsive to the feedback, and was circulated to a wider consortium membership for public comment on in simple language, CPED’s website. Review of creativity, this feedback led to item criteria refinement along with performance indicators: Demonstrates an understanding of, and possible solution to, the problem of practice. (Indicators: Demonstrates an ability to essay language, address and/or resolve a problem of practice and/or generate new practices.) Demonstrates the scholarly practitioner’s ability to act ethically and with integrity. Sample Business? (Indicators: Findings, conclusions and water pollution essay in simple language recommendations align with the data.) Demonstrates the scholarly practitioner’s ability to creativity essay sat, communicate effectively in writing to an appropriate audience in a way that addresses scholarly practice. (Indicators: Style is appropriate for the intended audience.) Integrates both theory and practice to advance practical knowledge. (Indicators: Integrates practical and research-based knowledge to contribute to practical knowledge base; Frames the water, study in existing research on both theory and practice.) Provides evidence of the potential for impact on practice, policy, and/or future research in the field. (Indicators: Dissertation indicates how its findings are expected to impact professional field or problem.) Uses methods of inquiry that are appropriate to the problem of practice. (Indicators: Identifies rationale for method of o what sound essay, inquiry that is appropriate to the dissertation in practice; effectively uses method of inquiry to address problem of in simple language, practice.) The DiP Award Committee conducted two rounds of review for the DiP Annual Award, applying the above assessment criteria.

What Makes a Professional Practice DiP? In this section, we turn to the international community for essay guidance in in simple answering two major issues concerning the essay sat, CPED Award Committee as they wrestled with the assessment criteria. First, what should a DiP look like? Second, how should DiP potential impact be measured? Numerous national and international bodies govern qualifications and water pollution essay specifications for o what is that sound essay what doctoral level work should look like, e.g., European University Association (2005), Council of Deans and Directors of Graduate Studies, Australia (2007), Council of Graduate Schools (2008), Quality Assurance Agency (2012). Common to all is the emphasis on critical assessment of the originality of findings presented in the dissertation in the context of the literature and the research. Fulton, Kuit, Sanders and Smith (2013) drew on their experience teaching in a Professional Practice Doctoral program at the University of Sunderland in England, concluding that the “ability to design research objectively and logically, and then to water pollution in simple language, critically review and evaluate findings, is what makes it doctoral level, not the actual findings themselves” (p.152). In their view, the difference between a PhD and a Professional Practice Doctorate is the demonstration of knowledge production that makes a significant contribution to the profession. O’Mullane (2005) noted that while the structure of a DiP may be similar to that of a PhD dissertation, it should contain additional reflective elements relating to personal reflections on the learning journey.

But the question remains, what should a DiP look like? O’Mullane (2005) identified six outputs currently used by universities to demonstrate a significant contribution to essay sat, the profession: Thesis or dissertation alone; Portfolio and/or professional practice and analysis; A reflection and analysis of a significant contribution to knowledge over time or from one major work; Published scholarly works recognized as a significant and original contribution to knowledge; Portfolio and presentation (performance in music, visual arts, drama); and Professional practice and water pollution essay internship with mentors. These six DiP designs can be found within CPED; a group DiP design is also being explored. Universities are offering several DiP design choices: (a) Baylor University’s DiP can be thematic, assessment, action research, or three articles; (b) California State University San Marcos’ DiP can be a policy brief, executive summary, or series of articles; (c) Rutgers University’s DiP can be thematic, assessment, three article, action research, portfolio, or 3 “products” tied together with an introduction and conclusion; and (d) the University of Arkansas’ DiP can be an executive summary and article submission for publication in a peer reviewed scholarly journal (CPED data, 2013). O’Mullane (2005) also identified the essentials of a DiP: Create new knowledge. Make a significant contribution to your profession.

Explicit conceptual framework. Literature review should provide the context to the research question, and should demonstrate that the question is worth asking. Demonstrable evidence of o what is that sound auden, how ideas have been synthesized in the light of experience and in the context of academic literature, and how this has created new knowledge. Demonstration that findings have been reflected on, logically planned, and progressed through the water essay in simple, research. Independently construct arguments for and against the findings and o what sound essay use evidence to support your interpretation. Language? A distinctive voice should be clearly heard although what is said should be supported by evidence. Use the university’s designated reference style consistently. (pp.149-150) Fulton et al. (2013) suggested that “the creation of new knowledge and significant contribution” are critical, and likely to give any DiP assessor the most difficulty. Not only does “the creation of new knowledge and significant contribution” vary between professions, but the opportunity to influence a profession also tends to be based on position and length of service. Creativity? To bring clarity to the problem of “significant contribution,” O’Mullane (2005) suggested two classifications, active or inactive, in terms of contribution to essay in simple, the profession. Sample Business Pdf? An active contribution generates new significant knowledge, which results in significant improvement in practice.

An inactive contribution generates significant knowledge that has not yet been disseminated. Current Rhetoric and Reality of DiPs: An Action Research Study Methods of the Study. For this action research study (Lewin, 1944; Stringer, 2007), we gathered data from an online survey from the eight member DiP Award Committee. Water Pollution In Simple Language? Members came from a variety of institutions; four had previous Dissertation Award Committee experience with American Education Research Association special interest groups. The authors of this paper were among those who provided data. Quantitative and qualitative data were gathered using a Qualtrics administered survey with Likert responses and assessors’ comments. Each survey item was scored 1 to 4, with 1 indicating “unacceptable,” 2 “developing,” 3 “target,” and 4 “exceptional”. Each member of the committee responded to an email invitation to complete a blind review of four DiP synopses submitted by the nominated candidate.

Two committee members assessed each synopsis against the assessment item criteria, with a third assessment by the committee chair, as needed. Essay Sat? Based on the quantitative scores and qualitative comments of the synopses, the pool was narrowed from 25 to 6 DiPs. A second blind review of the full text of the six DiPs was conducted with each committee member reading the full DiP and submitting criteria assessment data in Qualtrics. The authors of this paper are DiP Award Committee members, which could cause bias in interpretation. The committee members’ initial judgments were based on the submitted synopses; some may not have adequately represented the overall DiPs quality. The sample was neither random nor sufficiently large to draw generalizable conclusions. 14 DiPs came from three Phase 1 institutions. While not surprising that most submissions came from Phase 1 institutions, multiple submissions from water in simple, any institution was unexpected.

Descriptive statistics were calculated for each DiP synopsis assessed on the six CPED assessment items (Table 1). Item means ranged from 2.78 to 2.94 with an overall mean of 2.86. The median was 3 (“Target”) for creativity essay each of the water essay, six items and the mode was 3 (“Target”) for all items except item #5, where the mode was 2. Table 1. Item Statistics for of darkness essay the DiP Award Assessment Survey. Across the range of 300 individual responses (2 reviewers x 25 dissertations x 6 survey items), a 1 (Unacceptable) was selected only four times, while 4 (Exceptional) was selected 50 times. The remaining 246 responses were either a 2 (Developing) or 3 (Target), indicating considerable restriction of range at both ends of the scale. As for measures of water essay language, central tendency, the median of 3 (Target), and a grand mean of 2.86, indicate that overall, reviewers found the DiP to essay questions, be near “Target” based on the review criteria. Figure 1 shows a frequency distribution of water pollution essay in simple, total scores for the 25 DiPs submitted for review. The numbers on linguistics, the X-axis represent a unique identifier for the 25 reviewed DiPs. Water? The scale ranged from 0-48 possible points (6 items of the survey x 4 maximum points allowed x 2 reviewers). The observed scores ranged from 25 to 45 with no obvious natural breaks in the distribution.

Figure 1 . Paper? Frequency distribution of scores across 25 DiPs synopses. Prior to scoring, the DiP Award Committee predicted that an analysis of the score distribution might reveal a natural break that could be useful to narrow the pool for further review. Because there were no obvious natural breaks, the committee, after careful review of both the essay language, quantitative and the qualitative data, agreed that the of darkness, top six scoring DiPs would move forward for a full text review. The format of 24 DiPs was the traditional (five chapter) dissertation, with one non-traditional chapter. All had single authors. Two submissions implemented results of their study and showed immediate impact. The average page length of the 25 DiPs was 212, with a range of 85-377 pages. Four studies used quantitative methods, 17 used qualitative methods, and four used mixed methods.

The methodology used in water in simple language 10 studies was action research, case studies, grounded theory, and phenomenology. In additional to numerical rating, the DiP Committee members commented on quality and overall alignment with the DiP assessment criteria. For DiPs that received similar, or identical marks, committee members reviewed the reflective comments, re-read the sample for small business, synopses, and continued meetings via Skype, Adobe Connect, or by phone. The inclusion of quality data provided a point of reference to triangulate perspectives regarding the eventual five finalists. Critical reflections and subsequent comments can often appear somewhat tenuous. Elements of ambiguity may exist in such reviews, and reviewers may be guilty of overgeneralizing. As the process continued, a clear inter-rater agreement (Creswell, 2013) was evident among committee members. The qualitative data confirmed the water pollution essay, quantitative findings. Regarding those dissertations where the mean was closer to the “exceptional” category, some reviewers stated: A timely paper and excellent report Good example of an important problem of practice High potential for impact Meaningful and insightful Well-developed Important examples of a problem of practice Good interdisciplinary foundation.

A characteristic of all submitted DiPs was addressing immediate needs in practice. Some were assessments of existing programs; others delved into theoretical constructs and inquired about their applicability to educational issues within the local, regional, or national context. Among these studies, a few took their inquiry directly into the classroom. While the DiPs that rose to the top during the o what sound auden essay, review process were regarded by their submitting institutions as exemplary, not all addressed all of the assessment criteria in their synopsis. Critical assessment of the DiPs indicated that most CPED member institutions remain unclear about what constitutes an exemplary DiP. While the conclusions drawn from the 2009 Peabody convening asserted that all share a set of common characteristics related to rigorous analysis in a realistic operational setting (Smrekar McGraner, 2009), the DiP Award Committee’s analysis of 25 submissions revealed a continuum of alignment to the Working Principles for Professional Practice Programs. Discrepancy in alignment to the Working Principles may be indicative of an analogous disconnect between the essay in simple, central principles that were developed by the consortium to guide all programs in 2009 and what is, in o what auden essay reality, being practiced currently among Phase I and II CPED institutions.

The assumption that these principles would be tested during Phase II seems to be flawed, borne out by the analysis of the 2013 data. Alternately, the discrepancy in alignment to the Working Principles may also reflect the water essay language, need for additional refinement and discussion around the business pdf, rubric used for review by the DiP Award Committee. Again, because the rubric evolved from a community-based process, further refinements may require similar processes of water essay, discussion and recommendation from the broader constituency. Many of the DiP submissions lacked clear evidence of impact on practice, a characteristic that is foundational to the Working Principles. While submissions demonstrate the author’s ability to generate solutions, whether a complex problem of practice had been identified in creativity essay the studies was unclear in a majority of the submissions. Water Essay? Additionally, it was unclear in most submissions whether the author included implications for generative solutions at the local and/or broad context. Creativity? Drawing on the work of Bryk, Gomez, and Grunow (2010), the six Core Principles of Improvement Science suggest the water pollution language, following: Make the work problem-specific and user-centered. Variation in performance is the essay questions on sula, core problem to water pollution in simple language, address.

See the for small, system that produces the current outcomes. We cannot improve at scale what we cannot measure. Anchor practice improvement in disciplined inquiry. Accelerate improvements through networked communities. The analysis of DiPs and in simple the narrative presented is indicative of both the challenges institutions face and their pervasiveness, as faculty wrestle with the design of a professional practice doctorate program.

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Walker, G. E., Golde, C. M., Jones, L., Bueschel, A. Language? C., Hutchings, P. (2008). The formation of scholars: Rethinking doctorial education for the twenty-first century. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass. Zambo, D. (2011). Action research as signature pedagogy in an Education Doctorate program: The reality and hope. Innovative Higher Education . 36(4), DOI: 10.1007/s10755-010-9171-7. This feature article was accepted for publication in creativity the International HETL Review (IHR) after a double-blind peer review involving three independent members of the pollution, IHR Board of Reviewers and two revision cycles. Accepted for publication in July 2014 by Dr.

Lorraine Stefani (University of Auckland, New Zealand), IHR Senior Editor. Storey, V. A., Caskey, M. M., Hesbol, K. A., Marshall, J. E., Maughan, B., Dolan, A. W. (2014). Questions? Examining EdD dissertations in practice: The Carnegie Project on the Education Doctorate. International HETL Review , Volume 5, Article 2. Copyright [2015] V. A. Pollution Essay In Simple Language? Storey, M. M. Caskey, K. The Left Of Darkness Analytical Essay? A. Hesbol, J. E. Marshall, B. Maughan and essay in simple language A. W. Of Analogy An Essay On Historical Linguistics? Dolan. The authors assert their right to be named as the sole authors of this article and to be granted copyright privileges related to the article without infringing on any third party’s rights including copyright. Essay? The authors assign to HETL Portal and to educational non-profit institutions a non-exclusive licence to use this article for personal use and in courses of instruction provided that the article is used in term full and this copyright statement is reproduced. The authors also grant a non-exclusive licence to HETL Portal to publish this article in water pollution essay in simple language full on the left hand of darkness, the World Wide Web (prime sites and mirrors) and in pollution electronic and/or printed form within the HETL Review . Essay Questions On Sula? Any other usage is prohibited without the express permission of the authors. Opinions expressed in this article are those of the author, and as such do not necessarily represent the position of other professionals or any institution. By publishing this article, the author affirms that any original research involving human participants conducted by the author and described in the article was carried out in accordance with all relevant and appropriate ethical guidelines, policies and regulations concerning human research subjects and water pollution essay in simple that where applicable a formal ethical approval was obtained.

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