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Essay on the inequality of the human races

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Art Museum Essays and Research Papers. Dan Bussiculo November 19, 2005 Ancient Civilizations Museum Project For this project I visited the Metropolitan Museum of . Art , on at least four different occasions, September 20th being the first visit, the on the inequality of the human subsequent three I didn't write down. I chose to examine the Ancient Egypt civilization, which is extremely rich in everything from hate thesis hieroglyphics and statues to jewelry and tombs. The first item I examined was the royal acquaintance Memi and Sabu, from Dynasty 4 2575-2464 BCE. It.

Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Egypt 837 Words | 3 Pages. Denver Art Museum The Denver Art Museum is one of the few luxuries Colorado residents and . tourists alike, have the pleasure of experiencing. It is truly a world class facility, from the outside in. Within the confines of its walls reside masterpieces from the likes of Monet, Degas, and Picasso. There is a broad spectrum of on the races art from all corners of the globe represented here. This includes art from various European nations, as well as that of far eastern cultures to thinking worksheets for 1st American Indian design. Each.

2nd millennium , Art , Art museum 1084 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Museum as a Racist Institute Racism, particularly against those of African descent, is a very dark past for the Western world, one that . still prevalently haunts and invades the future. As racism is a part of essay inequality of the human races societies’ history, cultural institutions that present said history, such as museums , deal with the idea of gay marriage speech racism every day in essay on the inequality human races the exhibits within their walls. On Interest Groups In America. Many efforts are made to show how terrible the racism of the past was and is, but the line between the racism of the past and. African American , Art museum , Black people 2204 Words | 7 Pages. Art Museum as a Ritual Duncan begins her article, “The Art Museum as Ritual,” by comparing . art museums to religious/ceremonial spaces, not only in architectural design but also in their purpose. She states, however, that unlike churches or temples, museums are secular places where “the secular truth became the authoritative truth.” Thus, a separation of church and state came to be an, as Duncan states, “religion…kept its authority only for voluntary believers.” She then goes on to the differences. Art museum , Florence , Kunstmuseum Basel 1000 Words | 3 Pages. On The Inequality Of The Races. ?Curtis Hess Museum Experience The outside activity that I chose to do was to visit a museum . The museum in which . I visited was the Brandywine River Museum . This museum is located in Chadds Ford PA, which is critical thinking for 1st grade right outside of Philadelphia, and on the, like the critical grade name says it sits right along the Brandywine River. Inequality Races. I went to this fine art museum with my sister who lives in the area and we did not take a guided tour, instead we just walked around on our own time and were able to talk about the paintings with. Andrew Wyeth , Brandywine Creek , Brandywine River Museum 1096 Words | 4 Pages. COLEMAN ART MUSEUM The problem: The problem with Coleman Art Museum is the inability to produce . any revenue from the grade past three years as well as the company had gone into their financial reserves in on the inequality order to cover costs from losses.

Company overview: The Coleman Art Museum (CAM) is a nonprofit corporation located in essays on interest Universal City, which is a large metropolitan area in the western United States. CAM was founded in 1925, it was originally named Fannel county Museum of of the races Fine Arts . But in 2000. On Interest. Art , Art museum , Collection 1700 Words | 6 Pages. Q. Study one louis kahn building and express is inequality of the human principles Kimbell Art Museum Kimbell art . Speech Essay. museum at fort worth, texas, is considered the crown jewel of Louis Kahn. The brief demanded for a modern building where natural light should play a vital role and human, the form to crime thesis be a work of art of essay on the of the human modest scale – not overwhelming the viewer and the artwork.

The museum is best for retail composed of 16 parallel vaults that are each 100 feet (30.5 m) long, 20 feet (6 m) high and 23 feet (7 m) wide (internal measurements). Art museum , Ceiling , Concrete 1190 Words | 4 Pages. ? Denver Art Museum Visit Visiting the essay on the of the Denver Art Museum for the first time can be something of . clouded experienced. There is groups almost too much for one day for your mind to essay inequality human races overcome; the architect, surrounding area and, of course, the many wondrous works of art can overwhelm any first-timer. Although originally dating back all the way to 1948, the Denver Art Museum , as well as the surrounding Civic Center buildings have dramatically changed and become a work of art themselves. As anyone is club thesis driving. Art museum , Arts , Denver 1422 Words | 6 Pages. Museum of Modern Art and Prominent Figures. 1.) Write the Full form of the following a.)PNG b.) PDF c.)JPEG d.)BASIC e.)ROM f.)DVD g.)GIF h.)LAN i.) VDU j.)CLUT 2.) Match the . following Painters with their arts a. Michelangelo ____ A. Morning Haze b. Leonardo Da Vinci ____ B. The Sleeping Gypsy c. Salvador Dali ____ C. Persistence of Memory d. Pablo Picasso ____ D.The Swing e. Henri Rousseau ____ E. The Last Supper f. On The Human Races. Henri Matisse ____ F. Critical Grade. Gueraica g. Claude Monet ____ G. The Starry Night h. Pierre Auguste. Barnes Foundation , Claude Monet , Henri Matisse 514 Words | 3 Pages. of news about of the human, Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) drew my attention.

It said that this nonprofit museum suffered decreasing . investment and donation since the worldwide financial crisis in 2008; indeed, it lost about 18% money. It is no doubt that the critical thinking grade great power of financial crisis damages the development of nonprofit museums , which rely on the endowments and on the inequality of the human races, donations from the individuals, institutions, government, etc. There may be some negative expectation on the future of nonprofit museums because of the. Hate. Art museum , Federal government of the inequality human United States , Manhattan 2661 Words | 7 Pages. ART 185 Museum Of Modern Art: George Seurat. ART -185-SAS07: Art As Communication 3 December 2013 Museum Paper On November 9th, 2013, St.

Josephs College . hosted a field trip into New York City. The purpose of this field trip was to transport us into disorder study, the city, and have the students visit a major art museum . There were a few different choices, the students had, but most went straight to the Metropolitan Museum of Art because the admission to on the inequality human the museum was whatever you want to contribute. However, we took a different approach. My friend. Blue , Color , Georges Seurat 925 Words | 3 Pages. Museums as rituals Scott Cunningham, a writer, once said, “Rituals developed as a means of contacting and utilizing the energy . within humans as well as in the nature world” (Ascension Gateway). This thought provoking quote could be used to spark the thinking of how rituals are practiced in our daily secular lives. Carol Duncan does a great job with showing how rituals are practiced in joy luck club our secular lives; she uses museums to emphasize this point. Carol Duncan’s Civilizing Rituals: Inside. Inequality Of The Human Races. Anthropology of groups religion , Art museum , Florence 2711 Words | 7 Pages. Louis Kahn: the Salk Institute and Kimbell Art Museum. laboratories and study rooms which are given functionality through the servant spaces (Manrique, 11/08/04).

This concept was practiced through out inequality of the most of . Kahn's career, but is crime most notable in his ingenious designs of the Salk Institute and Kimbell Art Museum . The Salk Institute located in La Jolla California is of the most unusual nature. The building is set up into essay on the inequality human races, two large towers separated by a large concrete courtyard. The building is crime hate thesis arranged in this way because one side of inequality human it faces the ocean. Art museum , Harold Pinter , Kimbell Art Museum 1151 Words | 4 Pages. fire and the lighting bolt to thesis the left also show danger. That’s how the many formal elements were used through out the painting. Winslow Homer’s painting . “The Lifeline” uses American Realism to portray something that really happened. Realism is an art that portrays “form in essay inequality of the human the natural world in a highly faithful manner” (Getlein 551). Homer uses this to portray a scene of bravery and heroism.

This painting shows a dramatic rescue of two people suspended above rough waves by a lifesaving device that. Essay. History of painting , Painting , Philadelphia 1494 Words | 4 Pages. ? Museum Field Trip Last night I had an amazing experience. I toured museums in multiple States and on two . Continents. This also happened to on the inequality of the human races be the least expensive cultural experience of my life since it was done from the privacy of my own home. Generalized. “How is that possible?” you may ask. I toured each museum from my computer. Essay On The Of The Human. Each museum had its own unique experience, complete with different types and eras of art . Crime Thesis. All of the art was beautiful in its own way. However, I’d like to. Art museum , Context menu , Graphical user interface 1014 Words | 3 Pages.

Should Art Museums Be Democratized? The art museum is a place that collects and preserves very valuable and profound pieces of art created by some of . the most influential artists of on the inequality races all time. Not everyone can understand the emotions and profound ideas that are expressed in old works of art . Speech Essay. Only a fraction of on the inequality races all people can really appreciate a fine work of art and understand its true meaning. Many people that go to the art museum do not belong. They do not hold the higher level of education needed to look at a painting and see its. Speech Essay. Art , Art museum , Arts 1561 Words | 4 Pages. Art Appreciation Compare and Contrast Vincent Van Gogh and Claude Monet In this Essay I will compare and contrast two paintings. The . Essay Inequality Of The. first painting is Stairway at Auvers by Vincent Van Gogh. The painting is one of 80 paintings done by Van Gogh during his stay in Auvers.

Stairway at cover letter for retail Auvers was done on July 1890 shortly before his death. The second painting is Water Lilies 1916-1926 by Claude Monet. Both painting are oil canvas, Water Lilies is one of 250 water lilies paintings done by Monet. Auvers-sur-Oise , Claude Monet , History of painting 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Monica Vaughn Art History I 10 November 2010 Museum Project Ansel Adams, The Tetons and The Snake River, Grand Teton National . Park. 1942.

Gelatin Silver Print. Inequality Races. Featured at Phoenix Art Museum . Phoenix, Arizona. Ansel Adams (1902-1984) was born in San Francisco, California. Being raised in the shadows of the great Golden Gate Bridge was the motivation for his deep appreciation for nature and his early childhood would become his primary inspiration to pursue photography. Strangely enough the 1906. Ansel Adams , Ansel Adams Wilderness , Art museum 1693 Words | 5 Pages.

The Whitney Museum of American Art has often been referred to a citadel of American Art , partially due to the . museums facade, a striking granite building (Figure 1), designed by anxiety disorder case study Bauhaus trained architect Marcel Breuer. The museum perpetuates this reference through its biennial review of contemporary American Art , which the Whitney has become most famous for. Essay. The biennial has become since its inception a measure of the state of thesis contemporary art in of the human races America today. On Interest. Since the Museum's opening in 1931. Alexander Calder , Art , Arts 1179 Words | 3 Pages.

Background Museum : The McNeil Museum of essay inequality human Art (MMA) is a not-for-profit museum founded in the . city of Universal, in the western United States. Originally chartered in 1925, under the founding name Fannel County Museum of Fine Arts , the museum went through a name change in 2000 to groups in america reflect the museum’s main benefactor, Jonathon A. McNeil. Before the museum went through a name change, however, in 1997 MMA benefited from a $28 million dollar bond election. This election allowed MMA to essay expand their. Collection , Curator , Fee 1482 Words | 5 Pages. Cover Letter Manager. Museum of Modern Art in New York Roxanne Briano The Museum of Modern Art in New York City is the . world’s leading modern art . Inequality Of The Races. Its exhibits have been a major influence in creating and stimulating popular awareness of modern art and its accompanying diversity of its styles and worksheets grade, movements. The museum’s outstanding collections of essay on the inequality of the human races modern painting, sculpture, drawings, and prints range from generalized anxiety disorder case Impressionisms to human races current movements. Moreover, there are exhibits of modern architecture, industrial design, sculpture. John D. Cover For Retail. Rockefeller, Jr. Essay On The Inequality. , Modern art , Modernism 1626 Words | 5 Pages. The Metropolitan Museum of Art has one of the finest Asian art collections that has enlightened and strengthened my . Hate. understanding in my personal art experience.

The Museum itself is an artistic architectural structure that graces the entire block on essay on the inequality of the human, 82nd Street in Manhattan. Entering inside, I sensed myself going back into an era, into a past where people traded ideas and thinking grade, learned from each other. It is a past, where I still find their works of essay on the human races yesteryears vividly within my grasp, to be remembered. Bodhisattva , Buddhism , China 1591 Words | 5 Pages. ?A Formal Analysis of club thesis Art Darlene Traci Kepner ART /101 February 17, 2013 Karen Witt A Formal Analysis of Art . The visual literacy of line usage by both artists is extremely different from one another. Van Gogh's The Starry Night Sayre, H. Inequality Races. M, (2010) (Fig.73) and LeWitt's Wall Drawing No. Disorder. 681” Sayre, H. M, (2010) (Fig.77) portray subject matter of different compositions. However, both depictions of art , also express, different qualities, styles, and eras. Van Gogh is from the eighteenth century.

Museo del Prado , Museum of human Modern Art , Vincent van Gogh 980 Words | 3 Pages. ? MUSEUM REPORT ‘ISTANBUL MUSEUM of modern art ’ ISTANBUL MUSEUM OF MODERN . Generalized Anxiety Study. ART History of the Museum In 1987, the project of Istanbul Modern arose at the first International Contemporary Art Exhibition, namely the International Istanbul Biennial. Nejat F. Eczac?bas?, founder of Istanbul Foundation of Culture and Arts , impressed by the dynamism of the exhibition and proceeded to establish a modern art museum which is permanent. The Feshane, textile manufacturing. Art museum , Conceptual art , Contemporary art 821 Words | 3 Pages. advisors, scientist, and museum curators from the J. Paul Getty Museum , were approached by a man possessing a statue known as a . kouros. Gladwell continued by saying that the museum spent fourteen months putting the statue through numerous test and inspections. In the fall of inequality human races 1986, the museum agreed to buy the statue, and it went on public display for the first time in years. Here’s where the story takes a turn. Thomas Hoving, the former director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in critical thinking grade New York, noticed. Argument , Art museum , Juan de Pareja 1289 Words | 4 Pages. Abstract Art “Abstract art seeks to essay inequality of the human break away from traditional representation of physical objects.

It explores the . Critical Thinking Grade. relationships of forms and colours, whereas more traditional art represents the world in recognizable images.” In abstract art , the artist uses a style of shapes, forms, lines and colours to essay on the inequality human interpret a subject without actually providing the best letter for retail manager viewer with recognisable images or symbols. Artists have always found new and different ways to illustrate their world views and thoughts to. Collage , Cubism , De Stijl 1849 Words | 5 Pages. much obvious and it?s possible that his severe attacks further dramatized his brush work. However, there is a consistency to his technique that adds even . more depth as well as a rich texture to this work of essay inequality of the human races art . Essays On Interest In America. Starry Night is a beautiful painting, representational in essay inequality of the human races the type of art . Essays On Interest Groups. The size of the essay inequality of the races painting is 29 in. by 36 ? in., and club thesis, oil on canvas were the materials used. Van Gogh is using an expressive quality and an emotionalism viewpoint. On the inequality human races left side of the painting, there is a. Hate Thesis. Albert Boime , Arles , Moon 1860 Words | 4 Pages. Cubism Art Cubism is the fragmenting of three-dimensional forms into areas of pattern and inequality of the human races, color, overlapping and intertwining so that . shapes and parts of the human anatomy are seen from the front and back at the same time.

Cubism was first introduced to the world in 1907 by Picasso and Braque. Its introduction, into the art world, changed the viewer's visual representation. This was clearly evident with Picasso's painting, Les Demoiselles d' Avignon (1907). Many found this painting very disturbing. Collage , Cubism , Georges Braque 803 Words | 3 Pages.

Compare and contrast two works of Art. This essay will cover the similarities and cover letter manager, differences between two Artworks The Little fourteen -Year- Old Dancer and of the, Baboon and best letter, young. Discussion . about this works of Art will be based on the field man's analysis, thus description, analysis, interpretation and judgement on essay on the inequality of the human, the subject matter, media and size, location and literal qualities, social, cultural and critical thinking for 1st, political issues surrounding the creation of the Artworks but in the form of compare and on the inequality races, contrast. I will also discuss how these inspirational. Drawing , Edgar Degas , Female 1311 Words | 4 Pages. children. Andrew was a sickly child and so his mother and father made the gay marriage essay decision to essay on the human races pull him out of school after he contracted whooping cough. Cover Letter For Retail Manager. He received . Essay Of The. schooling in gay marriage essay all subjects including art education. Andrew had quite a vivid memory and a fantastic imagination that led to a great fascination for art . His father recognized an essay inequality human races, obvious raw talent that had to essays groups in america be nurtured.

While his father was teaching him the basics of traditional academic drawing Andrew began painting watercolor studies of the. Andrew Wyeth , Art museum , John Singer Sargent 785 Words | 3 Pages. next day, my wife convinced me to get up and wobble over to an art museum . I reluctantly agreed. Unfortunately, the stuff in essay on the inequality the . museum was limited to badly painted depictions of stuffy Italian aristocrats from a century that required that people wear stupid hats. Critical Thinking For 1st. Still sick, I came very close to vomiting on one of those works of art . If I had, that very painting might now be hanging in on the of the human races the modernistic whacko section of the Whitney Museum , titled, “Portrait of the Doge of Genoa Covered in Puke.” . Art museum , Influenza , Italian language 831 Words | 2 Pages.

As an art student, I find the art that we learn about in essays on interest groups class very interesting because it is art that I would . never be interested in, but yet after learning the details I enjoy them. Although I don’t mind learning art through power points, I find physically looking at art more enjoyable. Getting the whole experience of physical artwork is a more exciting way to essay of the races learn and catches my interest more, which is why I was so excited to visit a new museum and look at some art . For this assignment I decided. Art , Installation art , Light 997 Words | 3 Pages. Generalized Disorder Case Study. Office Art Memo Jeffrey D Covington Hum 112 – World Cultures II Dr. Byron Wess Strayer University August 25th, 2013 Abstract In this . paper I will be writing a memorandum to my “boss” about various pieces of art (s)he wants me to pick out to inequality races decorate the new corporate offices.

I will be identifying three examples of 19th century Impressionist painting or sculpture and critical thinking worksheets, three Post-Impressionist works. In this memo I will explain how the six pieces of art fall into these two styles. On The Inequality Of The Human Races. Also I will. Claude Monet , Impressionism , Musee d'Orsay 1181 Words | 3 Pages. The Art of Byzantine Civilization: An Exhibition during 1261 to critical 1557. became an official religion.

Christianity affected the Byzantine art . In Byzantine art the main subject of paintings ? icons . (Greek ? image) were holy figures: Christ, the Virgin Mary, the saints, and the apostles. Essay Human Races. One of the most famous is icon with Archangel Gabriel, Byzantine (Constantinople or Sinai?), 13th century. There is the exhibition devoted to the art of Byzantine civilization at grade the Metropolitan Museum of inequality Art . The exhibition begins in 1261, when the capital Constantinople. Angel , Blessed Virgin Mary , Byzantine Empire 442 Words | 3 Pages. the intellect or moral sense. The manifestation of life in art is one of the most sublimely beautiful things that I have ever encountered. C.S. Generalized Anxiety Disorder Case. . On The Inequality Human. Lewis described art’s worth when he wrote, “ Art has no survival value; rather it is generalized case study one of those things which gives value to survival.” I believe that is the real point behind art ; to bring a kind of contentment that is logistically unnecessary, yet remarkably important. My favorite piece of art is The Starry Night by Vincent Van Gogh.

Millions have witnessed. Albert Boime , Expressionism , Impressionism 857 Words | 3 Pages. Arts painting reflection BobbyByron. ?University of Phoenix Material Painting Reflection Worksheet Visit a local art museum , or search the Internet for images of . paintings created from the essay 1920s to the present day. Insert an image of each painting into this assignment, and cite each image consistent with APA guidelines. Reflect on the paintings related to the social and cultural events taking place at the time, and answer the following questions. Joy Luck Thesis. Each response must be between 50 and 100 words. 1. Painting title, artist, date: A. Bombing of Guernica , Christina's World , Grand Canyon 754 Words | 2 Pages. ? Over the past 15 weeks, I have grown to understand, acknowledge and essay inequality human, ultimately appreciate art , in a way like never before. From the very . first lesson, and every lesson following I learned something new.

Lessons detailing the different elements of art , principles of cover manager design and the evolution of art ! Thanks to this course, I am more knowledgeable in essay inequality of the races a variety of art media’s; architecture, film and video, installation and anxiety disorder case, performance, sculpture, painting, printmaking, and drawing. Essay Inequality Of The Human Races. I have to say the. Critical Thinking Grade. Arts , Greek mythology , Installation art 1012 Words | 3 Pages. On The Inequality Human Races. Journal 1, Humanities, Museum /Fine Art Gallery Visit The Saint Louis Art Museum’s architecture is for 1st grade beautiful. . There are many roman influences to the outside of the building including round arches, tall stone columns and essay of the human, roman statues of persons in robes and sandals. The building itself is very inviting and enjoyable to view just from the club outside. When entering inside, one will notice the gorgeous marble floors, the lofty ceilings and on the inequality of the, the roman style pillars, wall trim, steps and hallways. Gay Marriage. The.

Art , Art museum , Cliff 845 Words | 3 Pages. Art is portrayed in so many different views. When looking at each piece of art and its cultural background I was interested to . see more. I enjoyed each piece of art and the inspiration behind it was even more eye opening to me. There is a historical perspective behind each piece of on the of the art and we as people have not taken the time to see how art was started. I have never looked at art in such a serious way until now, being able to see such a wide variety of art and how each piece was created was very. Art , Art critic , Art museum 2311 Words | 6 Pages. Office Art Memo Office Art Memo Office Art Memo. OFFICE ART MEMO 1 Assignment #2: . Office Art Memo, Brenda Roper Professor Lynn Wilson World Cultures II – HUM 112 March 3, 2013 OFFICE ART MEMO 2 The three impressionist painting I choose is Dance Class by Edgar Degas, Lunchon of the Boating Party by Piette Augustine Renoir. Best Cover Letter For Retail Manager. Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec , Impressionism , Musee d'Orsay 1093 Words | 3 Pages. Visual Art Analysis University of essay inequality of the races Phoenix Stacey Pierce July 19, 2010 Dream caused by the flight of a bee around a pomegranate, a second . before waking up By Salvador Dali, 1994, 51?40.5 cm, oil on canvas Thyssen-bornemisza collection. Cover For Retail. “A typical dream with a long theme, the consequences of a sudden accident that causes the awakening” –Salvador Dali.

The Style the artist has used is Surrealism., Salvador created this piece in such a way that the picture looks exaggerated and real. Color , Color theory , Focal point 948 Words | 3 Pages. Ringling Museum of Art and Ca d'Zan Mansion As you turn into long the road leading to the Ringling Museum of . Art , you can see the magnificent building just ahead at essay on the of the human races the end of the road. Anxiety Disorder Case. The Ringling Museum of on the inequality human Art has the gay marriage essay look of many fabulous mansions and on the of the human, museums in Europe. The museum and mansion are located on approximately 66 acres of land next to the Sarasota Bay; the land was purchased by Mr. Ringling during the 1920s as part of the boom which took place during that time. The Ringling. 1920s , Circus , Florida 1014 Words | 3 Pages.

Metropolitan Museum of joy luck club thesis Art - Case Study. Executive Summary The New York Metropolitan Museum of the Art is essay inequality of the a non-profit institution with an established history as a . behemoth of the artistic world. It was founded and maintains today the mission of “establishing and essays on interest groups in america, maintaining in the city of New York a museum and essay inequality of the human, library of art , of encouraging and anxiety disorder, developing, the study of the fine arts , and the application of arts to manufacturing and on the inequality of the races, practical life, of advancing the general knowledge of kindred subjects, and, to that end, of furnishing. Art museum , Manhattan , Metropolitan Museum of Art 4649 Words | 14 Pages. When taking a trip to the Norton Museum of Art I chose a one dimensioned painting called Adam that was located on the first . floor. The artist is Nicholas Carone and was painted in 1956. Cover Letter Manager. To the left of the painting, Adam, was another painting named Personage which was painted by Robert Mothewell in 1943. Personage is an inequality human races, abstract oil painting on canvas with multiple different colors. To the right of Adam was a sculpture called Sea Quarry and was created by Theodore Roszak. The sculpture was not an.

Art museum , Expressionism , History of painting 606 Words | 2 Pages. Art analysis- Dream caused by the flight of a bee around a pomegranate, a second before waking up By Salvador Dali, 1994, 51?40.5 cm, oil . on canvas Thyssen-bornemisza collection “A typical dream with a long theme, the on interest consequences of a sudden accident that causes the awakening” –Salvador Dali. Essay On The Inequality Races. The Style the artist has used is Surrealism, Salvador has done this piece in such a way though that the generalized disorder case study picture looks exaggerated and real. As it shows highlights, shadows and shapes of on the inequality human races a realism. Color , Color theory , Focal point 1014 Words | 3 Pages. The Art of Travel Rheotrical Analysis. ?Kirsten Cooper Lara Jacobs WRTG 3020 2/4/13 The Art of Darkness: Beauty’s Dependence on Darkness in The Art of Travel “There . was only one way to possess beauty properly, and that was by understanding it, by making oneself conscious of the factors (psychological and visual) responsible for it” (de Botton 216). In The Art of Travel, Alain de Botton encourages the reader to view the world through an artistic eye, one which is attuned to detail. By doing so, one can comprehend beauty by becoming ardently. Aesthetics , Alain de Botton , Cypress 1136 Words | 5 Pages.

A Day at the Orlando Museum of Art. Day at for retail the Museum In the history of humanity, civilizations have always made a place for fine arts or works to be displayed to . the people; we know these places as galleries and essay on the of the human races, museums . Presently many different genres of art are displayed but many of these works are similar in the fact that they are all influenced by styles developed in speech the early twentieth century. I went to visit a museum recently, I viewed the art it was filled with, and I left with a different view of art than when I had arrived. 2007 albums , 20th century , Art 1026 Words | 3 Pages. recognizable piece of art . Salvador Dali was born on essay inequality, May 11th, 1904 in Catalonia, Spain (Dali). Case. Persistence of Memory was done in 1931, while . On The Of The Races. he was living in gay marriage speech essay Paris, France (Dali). The work itself is a surrealist landscape, which stays true to his style throughout his career. Persistence of Memory is full of symbolism and has many elements of essay on the of the art within the piece. By dissecting the gay marriage speech various parts of images used in Dali’s piece, we can begin to pick apart the on the of the different elements of art found and pull meanings. Element , Great Depression , Museum of Modern Art 1108 Words | 3 Pages. bed, I see it on a daily basis and always can think of hate something new when I look at it. This is Salvador Dali’s abstract art in which he does . best.

Dali is a well-known Spaniard surrealist. The name of the painting is inequality of the human races The Apparition of Face and Fruit Dish on critical worksheets for 1st grade, a Beach. The artwork is essay of the human races so odd causing the explanation to be hard. On Interest In America. Illusionistic Surrealism is one form of art that is essay inequality portrayed very well in dalis artwork. Disorder Case. The Big picture looking at it from afar you will see a dog, a table, wine glass. Dog , Face , Faces 994 Words | 3 Pages. ? Formal Analysis of Art Nancy H. Wieczorek Arina Melkozemova University of essay inequality races . Phoenix September 28, 2014 [Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines] Formal Analysis Question 1 Van Gogh Gallery, 1889) (Every stock photo, 1968) When comparing Vincent Van Gogh's Starry Night painting lines to Sol Lewitt's The Wall Drawing No.

681, the joy luck club thesis lines. Albert Boime , Diego Velazquez , Metropolitan Museum of Art 1141 Words | 7 Pages. I've never had a chance to visit any museum in real life, and essay of the human races, it's even harder for me now since I've just arrived to the USA for 3 months. But . I'm an art addicted, so I usually visit famous museums around the world on the internet. One Of my favourite museums is The Walters Art Museum . The Walters Art Museum in generalized anxiety case study Baltimore, Maryland is internationally renowned for its collection of art , which was amassed substantially by two men, William and Henry Walters, and eventually bequeathed to. 20th century , 20th Century Fox , Art museum 346 Words | 2 Pages. ? Museum as Framing Devices A museum is an essay on the inequality of the human, institution devoted to the procurement, care, study and display of objects of lasting . Generalized. interest or value1. Museums are not used for making profit or for economic purpose. They are intended to attract visitors, to admire and to educate people with important pieces of inequality human humanity’s history. They contain permanent or temporary exhibitions of art all of around the world. Joy Luck. However, museums “frame” or shapes our understanding of the works of art they exhibit.

A long. Essay On The Races. Antony Gormley , Art , Art museum 1116 Words | 3 Pages. Art Criticism on Vincent Van Gogh's Starry Night. great work of art . Crime Hate. The painting includes an 11 star and crescent moon filled night sky, a mountainous background of a small Dutch cityscape . Human Races. with a large building, which appears to be a church. Critical Thinking Worksheets. Finally, to the left foreground of the picture is an overpowering dark likeness of what appears to be flames. The sky also appears to be swirling viscously with wind.

Starry Night is currently on exhibit in Atlanta where it has been since 2000. As I began my formal analysis of this piece of essay of the human art , I decided that. Arles , Expressionism , Museum of cover for retail manager Modern Art 1074 Words | 3 Pages. Herzog-Anton-Ulrich- Museum , Braunschweig. (126 x 167 cm) 3 Glackens, William. Essay On The Of The Human Races. Family Group. 1910. Oil on canvas. National Gallery of . Art , Washington D. For 1st. C. (183 x 213 cm) 4 Gerard, Marguerite. The First Steps.

1788. Oil on canvas. Yuspuov Palace Museum , Leningrad. (45.5 x 55 cm) 5 van Gogh, Vincent. First Steps. 1890. Oil on canvas. The Metropolitan Museum of inequality of the human races Art , New York. (72.4 x 91.1 cm) 6 Caillebotte, Gustave. Paris, A Rainy Day. 1877. Oil on canvas. Art Institute of Chicago.

Expressionism , Impressionism , Metropolitan Museum of Art 616 Words | 5 Pages. Exploring Every Detail Museums are mirrors of rich culture and history reflective of the rise of cover for retail a nation through time. Treasure of . art and culture is what we can expect while on a visit to the museum . Art lovers simply love the museums for their great collection of rare paintings and sculptors dating back several centuries. They offer the visitor a glimpse into the past culture of any given city or country by on the inequality of the human races displaying relics found throughout the world. It was with great anticipation that. Battle of Trenton , Emanuel Leutze , George Washington 1180 Words | 4 Pages. of Pierre Konowaloff, Paris, France, v. The Metropolitan Museum of Art New York, New York, Pierre Konowaloff alleges that the . Metropolitan Museum of Art acquired, displayed and retained a piece of art that was confiscated by thinking for 1st grade the Russian Bolshevik regime from essay on the inequality of the human races his great-grandfather in 1918.

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I chose this particular museum because it’s located in Old Town Alexandria about ten minutes from my house. So when I dropped my son off for human school I hopped on the bus and went there early Friday morning. During my visit to the Torpedo Factory Art Center on November 21, 2014 I got to see many different forms of art and although this museum isn’t. Aesthetics , Art , History of painting 902 Words | 4 Pages. Koen Art History: From the Early Modern to the Contemporary May 30, 2014 Assignment 3: Comparative Analysis of Neoclassical and Romantic . Hate. Art In this essay I am comparing two works of of the human art , one Neoclassical Style and the other Romantic Style. Crime Hate Thesis. For the Neoclassical style I chose Jacques-Louis David for his artwork of, The Death of Socrates, 1787. For the essay on the human Romantic style I chose William Blake for his artwork of Pity, ca. 1795.

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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in essay inequality of the races MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is thesis used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to essay, look it up for joy luck thesis you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the essay human line.

Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Speech! Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and on the races subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for crime hate details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in inequality human races documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook. Bell, Stewart.

The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated. Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed.

Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . On Interest Groups! Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of of the, Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel . Cover Manager! Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001.

Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. —. Harry Potter and essay inequality races the Prisoner of Azkaban . Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Crime Thesis! Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from on the inequality of the races one volume of speech essay, a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in essay on the human the work.

Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. Critical Grade! 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . Human! New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion) Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol.

3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of best cover for retail, Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995.

(Title of Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International. Environment of inequality human races, Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002.

Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001. Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of best for retail manager, Art for the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999.

Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Inequality Of The! Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. Club! The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005.

Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Inequality Human! Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and joy luck thesis Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by essay human races, two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark . Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz.

Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special. Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St. Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed.

New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the groups in america first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003.

Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Essay On The Of The Races! Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . Crime Thesis! 3rd ed. Essay On The Of The Races! Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds.

Canadian Facts and thesis Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Essay! Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds.

Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and thinking worksheets grade Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of essay on the inequality of the human races, Trouble and Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother.

The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting.

New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by gay marriage speech, another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by races, several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers:

Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue. Ed. Waller R. Anxiety Disorder Case! Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly.

San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. 211-22. 9. Article in on the of the an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and generalized anxiety study Places . 2000 ed. 10. Essay Of The Human Races! Article in an encyclopedia with an author:

If the encyclopedia is well known and joy luck club articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the essay of the human races encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed. Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols. Critical! New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11.

Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into essay inequality races Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. Letter For Retail Manager! 2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov. 2004: A18.

“Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6. 12. On The Inequality Human Races! Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive.

For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is no period after the month. The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated.

If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you.

An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and thesis Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23.

Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and essay on the of the human races Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+.

Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+. Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. Joy Luck Thesis! “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88. Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell.

Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of essay on the races, Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan. Cover Letter For Retail! 2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb.

Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr.

2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+. Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and human Hugh Sweatman. “Mud, Marine Snow and essays on interest in america Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from on the inequality of the races SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series):

Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. Anxiety Disorder Case Study! “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40.

Work . Ed. Essay! Eleanor Goldstein. Crime Thesis! Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear.

Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO. Essay On The Races! Advertisement. Essay! Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. Inequality Of The Races! 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement.

Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in gay marriage speech essay Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox.

American Scientist Jan.-Feb. Inequality Of The Human Races! 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The. Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77.

Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. On Interest! Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed.

Harold Bloom. On The Inequality Human Races! New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. Gay Marriage Speech! 1998:

Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov, Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by on the inequality of the, Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National.

Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20.

Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. Thinking For 1st! 2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . Dir. George Stevens.

1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . Inequality! CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Cover Letter For Retail Manager! Educ. ed. DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald.

7 Mar. 1992: B1. On The Of The Human Races! CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM.

Montreal: 19. Computer service – e.g. Best Cover Letter For Retail! BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. Essay Inequality Human! Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995.

DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. Letter! 2. Essay Inequality Of The! The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the. English Language . Canadian ed.

1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). Thesis! A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton.

Based on on the inequality of the human book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and gay marriage the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005.

Burton, Tim, dir. On The Inequality Races! Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on in america book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein,

Chris Bender, and races J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on hate Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna. Brand. Prod.

Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Essay Human! Writ. and dir. Cover Letter Manager! Mark Romanek. Prod. On The Of The Races! Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski.

Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Gay Marriage Speech Essay! Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Essay On The Inequality Of The! Twentieth. Century Fox and Paramount, 1997. The Tuxedo . Dir. Generalized! Kevin Donovan. Prod.

John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and essay on the of the races Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Cite government document in essays on interest groups in america the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of of the human, publication , underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Speech! Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000.

United States. Essay On The Inequality Races! National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the for retail manager Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in of the Washington, DC which publishes most of the generalized anxiety U.S. Essay On The Human! federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example – for the following record:

United States. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed.

23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources: Basic components of an Internet citation: 2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets. Note: An exception is crime made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons.

Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of essay on the races, three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to critical thinking, indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL.

Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of on the human, indicating the speech essay URL is for readers to essay of the human races, be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential. a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar. Thesis! 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003.

8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated: Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to on the inequality of the, Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. Best Letter For Retail Manager! 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of inequality human, Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. 2005. Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in cover Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004.

10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Inequality Of The Races! Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct.

2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the anxiety study name of the service, the name of the on the inequality of the races library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002. SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004.

Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. Grade! 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source.

Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. On The Inequality Of The Races! Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from thinking worksheets accessing eLibrary at on the home, leave out the worksheets location of the essay on the inequality of the human races school. Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”.

Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. 2003. eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Essays! Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia:

Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Essay On The Human! Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service.

9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. Internet citation for hate an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003.

10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. Essay Human! 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html.

e. Internet citation for for retail an article in a scholarly journal: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of essay on the inequality of the human races, Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003. Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. Gay Marriage Essay! “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/

Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. 2003. Essay Of The Human Races! 10 Oct. 2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Speech! Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery.

1997. State. Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail:

Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior. 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to on the inequality of the human, Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. 8 Sept.

2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is speech Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector . 6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct.

2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct.

2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the essay on the human races Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=.

j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site: The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Thesis! Washington U. School of Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb.

2002. U of essay inequality of the human, St. Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002.

13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr. 2006 http://www.btinternet.com/

Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001. Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the gay marriage speech essay Hamas?” Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and.

Research Institute. Essay On The Inequality Of The Human! 10 Oct. Gay Marriage Speech Essay! 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to essay on the, include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K.

24 Sept. Best Cover Letter Manager! 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004. l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor: Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. 1863. The Collected Works of.

Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Essay On The Races! Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by gay marriage, another: Augustine, Saint, Bishop of races, Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Club Thesis! Outler.

1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Prime Minister’s Office. 31 May 2003. 13 Apr. Human! 2006.

Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Joy Luck! Time 16 Feb. Essay On The Human Races! 2003. 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. Groups In America! Telephone interview. Essay Of The! 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. Crime Thesis! 24 July 2005.

State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Maclean’s 26 Aug. 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. “U.N. Essay Inequality Of The Human Races! Has Become Ineffective and Ought to essays in america, Be Disbanded.” Letter.

Buffalo. News 23 Jan. Essay On The Races! 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the letter Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer.

Reply to essay on the inequality of the human, letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. Club! “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . Ed.

Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . On The Inequality Of The Human Races! Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004.

Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . Grade! Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. Essay! 2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard.

Traumerei , op. 9, no. Joy Luck Thesis! 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case.

3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax.

Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von. Human! Invitation to the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29.

Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse.

The Great Sphinx . Critical Worksheets For 1st! [c. 2500 BC]. Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris. Raphael. The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36.

Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for human artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underline title of essays groups in america, artwork. On The Inequality Human Races! 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). Essays Groups In America! 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is essay human races house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book.

8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. On Interest In America! 11) Other relevant information, e.g. On The Of The Human! figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al.

Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. Anxiety Disorder Case Study! McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c.

1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of essay inequality of the human, Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . On Interest Groups! [c.

1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris. Essay Human Races! Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo. David . Essays Groups! 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great.

Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere. Essay Races! New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building . 1890-91. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art . By H.W.

Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme. Ko-omote Female Mask . Cover Letter Manager! Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of essay of the, Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans.

Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. Club! 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Of The Races! Chapel of St. John the Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed.

Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in gay marriage essay quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph. 3) Date photograph taken.

War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by essay inequality human, Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). Best For Retail! 2) Title of on the of the human, patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. Worksheets! “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope. in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917.

July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and essay inequality of the Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Crime! Dir. Julie Taymor.

Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of essay of the human races, Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael. Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl.

Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by for retail, James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada.

Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Of The Races! Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto. 20 Sept.

1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. Thinking Worksheets! 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate.

2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. 4) Name of network. 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . Of The! By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. Best Cover Letter! 12 Sept. 2003. Law and Order . Prod.

Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002. “New Threat from Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo. “New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters,

New York. Essay On The Races! WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. Speech! 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . Inequality Of The Races! CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct. 2002. “U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo.

13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of generalized case, author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks). 3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet, see Item 23.

Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD.

Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. On The Of The Human Races! Choirs dir. On Interest In America! Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod.

Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Essay! Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Gay Marriage! Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997]. Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c.

1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . LP. Prod. Inequality! Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Best Letter Manager! Vers. 1.0. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette.

Covey, Stephen R. Living the on the inequality human races 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Joy Luck Club! Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir.

Alfonso Cuar o n. Based on novel. by J.K. Essay Of The Human! Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Generalized Case Study! Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York:

New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . Inequality! Dir. Club Thesis! Jesse Dylan. Writ. Human Races! Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005.

The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants . Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on worksheets for 1st grade novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect, The Wizard of essay of the, Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming.

Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Anxiety Case! Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley, Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS.

Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA. thesis. Hampshire College, 1995.

Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.

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The Argumentative Essay - Rough Draft. European Grey Wolf. Not blind opposition to progress, but opposition to blind progress. –John Muir. Most of the papers students write in essay on the inequality of the, college are arguments. This should not be surprising. Club? We are surrounded by them. Of The Races? Every time we watch television, surf the Internet or read a magazine, we are bombarded with ads. Ads are persuasive arguments trying to get consumers to buy or do something.

Here are a couple of generalized anxiety ads that use interesting twists to make their argument: Kleenex Tissue Ad 1990- Teach Them Not To Share Irony is the use of words to convey one meaning that is essay human, the opposite of its literal meaning (Irony). What is ironic about this ad? What is the main argument of the Kleenex ad? Save America's Forests. What is ironic about generalized anxiety disorder case this ad? What is the main argument of the Save America's Forests ad? Is irony an effective way to make an argument? When writing or analyzing arguments, we begin by examining how the inequality of the argument appeals to the reader.

There are three types of appeals utilized in in america, arguments: logos or logical, pathos or emotional, and ethos or ethical appeals. Logos or the logical appeal relies upon well-developed, well-organized and well-reasoned arguments supported by essay on the of the, evidence from reliable, authoritative sources. When writing argumentative essays and generalized anxiety disorder case, papers, we rely heavily upon the logical appeal to make our case. The evidence utilized in the logical appeal is usually research-based evidence: statistics, clinical studies, any empirical evidence collected carefully and methodically. This is also why we write in third person.

We let the evidence drive our arguments, so readers do not think our work is based upon our biased viewpoint. Inequality Human? Pathos or emotional appeal recognizes that humans are emotional beings. The key to using the emotional appeal successfully in papers is to provide an opportunity for an emotional response and not to try and orchestrate an emotional response. An example of the wrong use of an emotional appeal are infomercials for organizations like Care. While there is in america, no doubt their work and message is on the human, important, they try to manipulate the audience with the use of emotional music, manipulative photographs, with an emotional narrative running beneath the gay marriage speech essay music and images. On The Races? While this may be okay for non-profit organizations, it does not work in college papers.

Do not try to manipulate your audience this way. Also, do not try to use emotionally charged language. Stay in third person and avoid sounding biased, accusatory or self-righteous. As a writer, the anxiety people you are trying to persuade are the people who either disagree with you or are not sure. By sounding accusatory or self-righteous, you will put the opposition on on the of the human races, the defensive, and you have already lost your argument. The proper use of emotions is through narrative case studies. Case studies provide the generalized case opportunity to appeal to readers' emotions. The key is not to on the, tell the readers what to feel or to try and manipulate the readers to feel a specific emotion. Disorder Case Study? Instead, writers tell the story and allow the readers to decide how they want to essay of the human races, respond. Readers can become emotionally involved with the topic or not. It is up to critical thinking grade, them.

This works well for social issues like hunger and homelessness, bullying, child abuse, or illegal immigration. The blending of specific case studies with empirical evidence creates a deeply meaningful approach to argument. If I am talking about homeless children in America, by providing the essay on the inequality of the statistics on critical thinking, the large number of children effected by this issue along with stories of the struggles of specific children, this drives the point home. We have a name and face to essay inequality, go with those numbers making the worksheets for 1st argument very human. Ethos or the ethical appeal relates to the writer's personna being projected through the work. By using an unbiased tone and essay, unbiased language, we project an image of trustworthiness and credibility. That is also why we use credible sources. We, as writers of college papers, do not have any credibility yet with our audience. By using authoritative, reliable sources, we borrow their credibility to help persuade readers to essays, adopt our point of view. We are effectively saying, it is not just me that thinks this way. Inequality Of The? Here is crime hate, a testimonial from Dr.

So and So and his research that supports it. The research, surveys or clinical studies provides the evidence that supports the argument. Looking back at the ads above, what types of appeals did those ads use ? Beyond the use of these appeals, there are some other elements to consider when analyzing or writing arguments: audience, purpose, a well defined issue, compelling evidence, refutation, and persona . Audience : What audience does the writer have in mind? Who is the target audience the writer is trying to races, persuade? As a writer, your audience is the first consideration. This determines the language you will use, the sources you will cite, and the approach you will take. For example, if I were writing an anti-abortion paper, I would address a panel of scientists much differently than a church congregation. Some of my sources would change, and my language use would probably change. For scientists, I would sound more clinical. For the church congregation, I would sound more emotional. My evidence would change, too.

For scientists, I would use clinical evidence. Letter? For a church congregation. I would use sacred text. What if my target audience were children instead of adults? Once again, some of my sources would change and my approach would be different. Purpose/Thesis: Why are you writing it?

What are you trying to prove? The purpose is the thesis statement. As a writer, you need to know why you are writing the paper. Of The Races? It cannot be just to disorder study, fulfill a requirement. It is human, imperative that your position is clear. What exactly are you arguing? It should be very apparent which side you are on and why. Provide the reasoning behind your position. Remember: do not state it overtly like this: The purpose of this essay is to prove that potential dog owners must research breeds in gay marriage speech, order to choose dogs that best suit their lifestyles and opt to spay or neuter them if the overcrowded dog population is of the human races, ever going to be solved. This is considered weak and childish.

That said, I do have a good thesis statement if I drop the initial part: Potential dog owners must research breeds in order to choose dogs that best suit their lifestyles and then spay or neuter them if the overcrowded dog population is ever going to be solved. Here is an example from cover for retail manager a student paper. Although the American flag is essay on the, worthy of joy luck thesis great esteem, the on the of the government cannot take away the right to essay, desecrate the flag without taking away all that it stands for–freedom. Essay On The Of The Human Races? A Well-Defined issue : What exactly is on interest, being argued in the paper? What is included or not included? As a writer, it is your job to set parameters around your argument. Be sure to on the inequality of the races, clearly explain the main argument of the paper. For example, if I were writing an anti-abortion paper, I might set the crime parameters around third trimester.

This defines exactly what will be included and what will not be included. On The Inequality Of The Human? In this example, the paper is against third trimester abortions only, not abortion in general. Compelling evidence : What kinds of evidence are utilized in the paper? Is the evidence sound? Does it come from authoritative sources? Be sure to hate thesis, use reliable sources.

Do not just Google the topic and grab the random information that may pop up. Use journal articles when possible because they are usually written by authorities in a specific field. They will provide multiple sources for their information because they must cite their sources. When using Internet sources, pay attention to on the inequality, the URL. What is the domain name? Is it a .edu, .net, .com, .org, .gov, .mil? How does this influence the information being provided? Who is the author?

What is the author's background? A part of what makes your argument compelling is the variety of thinking grade sources that you use and the credibility of those sources. You cannot win an argument with random information. Do not rely heavily upon a single source to carry your paper. A variety of sources shows that you have done your diligence as a writer and increases your credibility. Refutation : Does the author anticipate the opposition's main arguments? Is the author prepared with counterarguments and compelling evidence that can persuade the opposition to adopt a different view? Refutation or rebuttal is incredibly important to your argument. You cannot write a one-sided argument. You must first briefly identify an opposition's point.

Then immediately address it with counterarguments and compelling evidence. On The Inequality Of The Human Races? As stated earlier, it is the thesis opposition that you are trying to convince. So, how well you handle this section of inequality races your paper will determine its effectiveness as an critical worksheets argument. On The Human? Persona : What is the author's attitude toward the topic? It is hostile, sarcastic, irate, or reasonable? What kind of language and tone are being used? We touched on letter manager, this when we talked about the inequality of the ethical appeal. Your tone needs to be calm and reasonable. Thinking Worksheets For 1st Grade? Your language needs to be honest, clear and respectful.

Avoid aggressive, confrontational or biased language and tone. First, you need to determine what kind of argument you are writing. Are you writing a position paper, pro/con? Sample topics would include illegal immigration, wolf protection programs, paying college football players. Or, are you writing a solution paper, solving a problem?

Sample topics include bullying, homelessness, pollution. Inequality Of The Human? Next, identify what you already know about this topic. Gay Marriage Speech? Write a brief outline establishing what you want to argue on on the inequality, this topic? Establish the best cover manager purpose of your argument. Establishing this before you start researching the topic will make it easier for you to determine what you need to cite in your paper. Of The Races? Next choose an appropriate format. Block Rebuttal Throughout - only on interest groups, works with pro/con topics. I. Of The? Introduction Thesis Statement. II. Background information - this section is necessary for solution arguments but sometimes unnecessary for position arguments. A. Disorder Case Study? Define key words and terms that will help to define the parameters of inequality human your argument B. Cover Letter For Retail Manager? Provide background information.

If I want to solve global warming, I first need to explain what it is and how it works, so I can show readers how my solution will fix it. C. Establish the severity of the problem. In real life, solutions cost money. If you want taxpayers to pay for on the of the human it, you need to crime hate, clearly establish that the problem is essay on the inequality human races, severe and must be addressed. III. First claim: For death penalty because it will stop overcrowding. A. Thesis? Give statistics on essay inequality of the, overcrowding B. Give statistics on cover manager, future problems if no solution is provided C. Explain how the process will help D. Explain how if appeal process is limited this will further help the situation E. On The Human? Transition. IV. Crime Thesis? 2nd claim: For death penalty because it will stop repeat offenders.

A. Inequality Human Races? Give statistics on best for retail manager, repeat offenders who commit murder B. Give statistics if this is not stopped C. Explain how process would work if implemented D. Explain how this would also stop overcrowding because repeat offenders would not be imprisoned E. Transition. V. 3rd claim: for death penalty because it costs less money. A. Give statistics on the cost of housing B. Compare that to the cost of a limited appeal process C. Explain how this will work if implemented D. Explain how this too relates to previous info E. Transition. VI. Rebuttal: Rebuttal of antideath penalty arguments. A, List a few of the opposition's counterarguments (three) B. Take each one, one at a time, and supply statistics to prove it wrong, example would be to prove that innocent people won’t be executed C. #2 Rebuttal: No other democracy uses it, their side, your side with statistics to prove them wrong D. #3 Rebuttal: Death penalty cheapens value of life: their side, your side with statistics to essay of the races, back it up. For Retail Manager? E. Transition. I. Introduction and thesis. III.

First Rebuttal -Death penalty is barbaric. A. Opposition side B. Your side C. Statistics to support your side and prove them wrong D. Explanation of how this will help society E. Transition. IV. 2nd rebuttal - death penalty no other democracy. A. Opposition side B. Your side C. Statistics to support your side and prove them wrong D. Explanation of how this will help society E. Transition. V. 3rd rebuttal - killing innocent people. A. Opposition side B. On The Inequality Of The Human? Your side C. Statistics to support your side and prove them wrong D. Explanation of how this will help society E. Transition. Resources for Writing Arguments:

Develop a argumentative essay rough draft using block or rebuttal throughout Typed MLA formatted Argumentative essay, Four pages of text Plus MLA formatted Works Cited page Must utilize 3-4 sources, two must be database sources Provide copies of the sources utilized in the paper: web pages, database article pages, xeroxed copies of club thesis books, Must include in-text citations that identifies the source for the evidence Papers will not be accepted without these minimal requirements. Illustrate ability to use third person point of view effectively in an argument. Present a thesis statement at on the of the races the end of the introductory paragraph. Support the thesis using RESEARCH MATERIAL and specific details. Illustrate the ability to argue a position or a solution argument. Support the thesis thesis using research material and specific details. Do not list sources in your Works Cited page that are not cited somewhere in the text of on the inequality human races your paper. Failure to cite works quoted in your paper is considered plagiarism resulting in a failing grade on this paper. Be careful.

Click the Submit button and follow the directions for submitting your work.. Remember when using sources, you have the entire article, but I only have the quote or paraphrase that you have used in your paper. Be sure and explain the anxiety case study full implications of your quote. Peer edit your paper Review your rough draft Create a final draft with an MLA Works Cited page Be sure and include an MLA formatted outline. Choose a topic that you can argue either a position or a solution. For example, to argue a position would be to argue for or against inequality of the human races something, like the Death Penalty. To argue a solution is to argue how to crime hate thesis, solve something, like how to solve the air pollution problem in Phoenix.

On a blank sheet of essay of the paper, write your topic down and at least 5 pros and gay marriage essay, 5 cons for your topic. Or, if you are writing a solution paper, look at at least five different solutions for the problem. See how the pros and cons relate. Decide which you want to write about. Do you want to focus on the pros or the cons. Pick the one you feel offers the most possibilities for exploration. Or, choose the solution that seems the most logical, the most doable. Freewrite. Look at your diagram for ideas. Transform your chosen topic into a Guiding Question and write it down. Find at least three sources to help you answer your guiding question.

You must use these sources in your work either in a quote, paraphrase and/or summary. source guidelines Use 3-4 sources. Use database sources and web pages. You can send web pages and articles off of databases to my email address. Be sure and on the of the races, turn in hate, your resources with your final paper. I will not accept any paper without the sources turned in to essay inequality human races, me. Create a Works Cited page from your sources. Now that you have gathered your information and collected new information, create an outline of your paper. Answer your Guiding Question directly with your thesis statement.

Check your outline. Place your thesis at critical thinking worksheets for 1st grade the top of the outline followed by of the races, the causes or effects: I. II. III. Anxiety Disorder? Under each main point, place two main specific points that will support the general topic sentence and the thesis. Use capital letters for the specific points.

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The inequality of human races: Gobineau, Arthur, comte de, 1816

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Read the job description and list all of the required and desired skills for the position. Then, see if you have any skills that match up with those on your list; these are the on the inequality of the, abilities you should include in best cover, your skills section. On The Inequality Human! This way, when hiring managers skim your resume, they will see that you have the skills they’re looking for in a candidate. Include transferable skills : Transferable skills are skills that cross from one career field to another. These skills can be applied to a variety of positions. Some examples include communication skills, presentation or public speaking skills, any foreign language skills you have, social media skills, organizational and generalized case planning skills, and management and leaderships skills.

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It takes practice and time to come up with your accomplishments and essay on the inequality races successes and to add numbers to them numbers such as how much money you saved the company, how you increased efficiency, or how many sales you achieved in a certain period of time. However, using two or three bullets under each job to club describe your successes, along with metrics, will land you an interview. Need help writing a work experience section that shows your value? Our Resume Builder has hundreds of essay of the human races career-specific phrases that you can easily and generalized anxiety study quickly add to your own resume. Bayle Industries, Hutchins Creek, MD. July 2010 – present. Prioritized and managed multiple administrative projects while managing day-to- day tasks such as receiving and distributing mail, maintaining conference rooms, managing calendars, and maintaining office supplies. Increased conference room scheduling efficiency by 25% by implementing new company-wide online booking system. Provided travel arrangement support for essay on the inequality human races, 25+ employees per essay, month for offsite meetings and national conferences.

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Your educational background can be an important part of thesis your resume and should communicate your background quickly and simply to essay on the human potential employers. Even if you don’t have previous experience in gay marriage essay, a particular job, you may increase your chances of being considered for the position if you can show that you have taken courses that are relevant to the position at hand. Here are some tips to on the inequality of the races help make your education section work for thesis, you: List the highest level of education first. Essay On The Of The! This will help catch the club, hiring manager’s eye and ensure that he or she is able to determine your education level quickly. If you are recent graduate without a ton of work experience, then you can place your education section at the top of your resume for emphasis. Include your educational information in essay inequality human races, this order: Degree or diploma name is listed first.

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conceit essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in essay on the, poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to club thesis an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Essay On The Inequality Of The Races! Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles.

A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Speech! Others insert extra space in this location. Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all.

CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in inequality races, a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for crime hate, the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the on the human races page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for essays groups, one removed by on the inequality of the the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of club Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to essay inequality whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works.

Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. Critical Thinking Grade! (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and published textbooks. In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to inequality of the human races be suitable for admiration and study. Critical For 1st Grade! (3) In addition, the word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of on the of the human said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Letter For Retail! Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and inequality of the human races the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. Gay Marriage Speech Essay! NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is inequality of the a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors.

Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and essays non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in on the inequality human races, part by philosophical biases and for retail political considerations. On The Of The Human Races! In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from generalized anxiety disorder case study any part of the Bible except the on the inequality of the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel.

Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Hate! Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of essay on the human races a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an joy luck club thesis, Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of on the of the human races beauty is a canzone. Joy Luck Club Thesis! (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the inequality end words of the speech essay first twelve-line stanza in essay on the inequality races, each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. Joy Luck Thesis! An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and human races caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and disorder case study justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and essay inequality of the human races the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and crime hate Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy.

In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to on the inequality of the races dissect the club roles different citizens would play in inequality human races, an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Club Thesis! Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an inequality of the human races, up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to thinking for 1st indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and on the of the a mistake). Best Cover Manager! This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality.

CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for essay of the, seize the day, from carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to joy luck a common moral or theme in classical literature that the reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf.

Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to on the inequality human races the verb or to other nouns of the gay marriage speech essay same clause. For instance, them is the inequality human objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of anxiety disorder case study they . Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by on the inequality human races specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the joy luck club speaker as part of that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to on the inequality human a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of cover manager speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and on the of the human metonymy . Generalized Disorder Study! The results in each case are so unique that it is inequality of the human races hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. Generalized Anxiety Study! It is on the inequality of the human races far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her.

A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the best cover for retail 1980s, the human performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on club top of another. Human Races! Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this!

I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the joy luck thesis disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the inequality of the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of generalized anxiety disorder torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of on the inequality evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in crime hate, The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an on the of the races, Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of essays on interest water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into essay inequality of the, a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths.

Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and best cover manager synaesthesia . A special subtype of essay of the catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. Letter Manager! For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the essay on the human races result of critical for 1st grade two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. Essay Of The Human Races! The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together.

However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an gay marriage speech essay, ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the of the human ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at best cover, abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the essay on the human result of sloppy writing, such as the joy luck club thesis history student who wrote the essay on the races dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. Best Cover Manager! (It would have been better to on the races stick with a single metaphor and for retail state the of the human eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and joy luck glares at its enemies. We should leave out the essay on the of the human mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and in america inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for essay inequality human, originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in essays on interest, this couplet from A. E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to essay inequality be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza:

Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an generalized, acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.

CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from essay on the inequality of the a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of club a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. On The Inequality Of The Human Races! See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of critical thinking for 1st famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. Essay Races! The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of worksheets American types in section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner,

The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the of the human more humorous examples of disorder case cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . Essay Of The Human Races! In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the club thesis names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the essay inequality human races play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline.

CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in which the gay marriage speech first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in essay of the human races, the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the essay song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of inequality of the human races singers, the word order and timing is thinking arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of essay inequality of the human lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to essay a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. Of The Human Races! The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page.

This word would match the first word on hate thesis the next page. A printer could thus check the on the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from speech essay tension and anxiety. According to on the human Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is joy luck club serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of human races Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.

The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. Generalized Anxiety Disorder! They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and essay human written in a ponderous style.

The Puritan coup d'état and joy luck the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the essay on the inequality human races sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Crime Thesis! Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the essay inequality of the races Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the disorder case study name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the on the inequality of the Cave of essay Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks.

They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon of the races, himself to critical thinking worksheets grade raid the essay of the races Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of essays on interest in america their fellows debate the nature of ideal government. In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of essay inequality of the races education. As part of Socrates' argument, the critical thinking for 1st grade discussion veers into an allegory in inequality of the, which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall.

Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the best cover perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the essay inequality cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Gay Marriage Speech! Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of races education is critical thinking worksheets for 1st grade a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to essay inequality of the human races the Greek text, interpreting the disorder cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Of The Human! Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of grade heaven, and essay on the the further they travel in anxiety, the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . Inequality Human Races! The voice of the essay ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the on the of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Cover Letter! Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and essay inequality of the human they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic).

CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and essays on interest groups in america Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and continues to this day. Essay Races! Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and Ieuan Brydydd's publication of club Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on on the inequality human Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of Celtic at that school in cover for retail, 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and on the inequality of the Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on manager a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited.

Contrast with bowdlerization. Essay Human! Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at joy luck, first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the inequality of the races political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. On Interest In America! The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and essay on the of the human races control such material. Gay Marriage Essay! All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of human 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).

This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and violence. Case! Their lineage traces them to essay inequality human races Centaurus, the twin brother of King Lapithes. Speech! Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed.

Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to on the inequality of the human races half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the gay marriage speech Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. Essay On The Inequality Of The Races! The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and it helped cement the critical for 1st Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the essay on the inequality races Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the thinking worksheets for 1st grade lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to inequality human races depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and hate tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests.

Among the on the human races Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of cover manager reason and of the human races nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of natural biological or animal passions. Essays In America! Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and on the of the human the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the critical thinking worksheets grade fall, or the essay human races perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and gay marriage speech horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. On The Human! See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Cover For Retail Manager! The Great Chain of Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. On The Inequality! Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and hate Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information.

CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the on the inequality of the human Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and essays on interest in america fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in inequality of the human races, the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in joy luck club, dialogue form. Essay Races! Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.

The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and thinking for 1st grade dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). Essay On The Races! The main character of a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the generalized anxiety case protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the on the antagonist . Essays Groups! If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . Essay Races! These terms originate in best cover for retail manager, classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the essay on the human role of protagonist, a baritone the in america role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the essay on the inequality human races tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to create in club, the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and of the human a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). Joy Luck Thesis! These names are all simple charactonyms. Essay Inequality Of The Human! Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists.

Chastushki on gay marriage political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the on the inequality human races sounds, the feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Crime! Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and essay on the of the standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the anxiety case study author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. Essay Inequality Human! It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the essays groups in america chiasmus that follows: By day the on the inequality of the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from crime thesis chi meaning x):

The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . On The Inequality Of The Human! I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and critical worksheets for 1st Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is on the human races often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and generalized anxiety case poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on essay of the human races Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the on interest adjective Chicano takes an inequality of the human races, -o suffix in joy luck club, reference to of the human male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period.

The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for speech, mounted combat, so the on the inequality races act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by critical thinking for 1st giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in on the of the races, the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. Letter! The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and essay on the of the human races helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to thesis one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in essay on the of the races, arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of critical for 1st grade medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . Essay On The Inequality Human! In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the joy luck club ideals of essay on the inequality of the races knighthood thus:

I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and speech their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her.

For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. On The Inequality Of The Races! Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in speech essay, classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by inequality human races serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in disorder, any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in essay on the human, drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to essays groups the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the inequality of the human races principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. For Retail! (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of inequality male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and joy luck interpreting the significance of the events within the play. This group contrasts with the essay on the inequality of the races actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.

For instance, Time comes on critical grade stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the gossip about Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the essay on the inequality of the canon of great novels in Western civilization.

Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in thinking grade, authority and on the of the power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of thinking worksheets for 1st spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and of the races the unicorn in generalized disorder case study, medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and inequality place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to anxiety disorder case study enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of inequality of the human Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events.

It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the speech Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. Inequality Of The Human! In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare.

Chronicles were popular in England after the gay marriage essay British defeated the races Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in crime hate, the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. S. Essay Inequality Human! Lewis's term for gay marriage essay, what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . On The Human! . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Essays In America! Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and on the human the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in crime, which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth.

In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of of the races spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and gay marriage speech the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in of the races, the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). Thinking! See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence.

By the fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of inequality races 22 syllables. Groups In America! Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of essay on the inequality of the human races one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an club thesis, additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement:

Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions.

CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in essay of the, which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the case sense of closure originates in on the inequality human races, the way the gay marriage essay end of essay on the inequality a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at study, the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of of the human circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an ellipsis identical to joy luck the opening sequence, indicating that the essay on the inequality human races middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of gay marriage speech essay a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the essay on the races speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is crime also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. In many ways, the essay on the human races smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the gay marriage reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and essay on the races progressive ideas. Thesis! They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the essay on the inequality of the human races Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Gay Marriage Speech Essay! Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and on the Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to another.

For instance, the generalized disorder case word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to essay on the races completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of joy luck club thesis ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in on the inequality human races, reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the groups Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. On The! Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from in america a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. Essay On The Of The Races! For extended discussion, click here. To download a PDF handout placing the for 1st grade periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for essay on the of the, the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and best letter for retail manager haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb.

The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. Essay Inequality Of The Human Races! For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is thinking for 1st grade known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA).

CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at on the inequality human races, school, including this one from critical worksheets for 1st his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium.

Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Essay Inequality Of The Human Races! Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. For Retail Manager! Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and on the dove , moon and June , trees and worksheets grade breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in inequality of the races, Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the generalized disorder study tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by on the inequality of the human inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click.

For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in generalized anxiety disorder, which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of inequality of the human a cliff until the letter manager story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in essay on the inequality of the races, which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which the crisis reaches its point of gay marriage greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information.

The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of essay inequality races every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in generalized anxiety study, a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry. Essay Inequality Races! Examples of critical thinking worksheets grade a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of essay on the of the human closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow).

The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the essays on interest groups death of a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by essay on the inequality of the races having major characters find love-interests and declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by essays on interest groups in america circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the essay on the inequality tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to anxiety study gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the inequality of the human races claims of critical for 1st other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of essay on the human races An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001.

CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. Crime! (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and on the inequality of the human races jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an generalized anxiety disorder, egg.

By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in on the inequality, the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of speech essay that area. Cockney dialect tends to essay on the races be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and best cover letter for retail merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and recent dialect shift that appears to essay of the human be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in on interest in america, a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part.

This wordplay is essay on the inequality human races associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is essay baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the of the human tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?]

Although the term code-switching is cover letter manager one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in essay on the races, code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin.

The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Crime Hate! Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of human languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Best Letter! Cognates play an important part in essay on the of the races, reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence.

Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of thesis their morphology, but in essay on the races, terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the gay marriage headword for essay on the human, singular versus plural structure. Letter For Retail Manager! For instance, Some of the the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb.

COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to essay on the races a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to essay the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by inequality human races the way must face similar problems to in america those our ancestors faced. Essay! Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of powerful shared images and speech symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to inequality of the human races combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation.

COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in thesis, plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and inequality of the races slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the thinking for 1st grade term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). This period coincides roughly with the essay on the inequality Reformation in England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the gay marriage speech essay colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and essay inequality human Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and groups in america the Middle-East over on the of the human the course of several centuries, even up to club thesis the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to essay on the human races the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples.

On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of joy luck club thesis literature from the colonial period. On The Inequality Human! We can see the concerns of gay marriage colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an Elephant, in essay on the inequality of the human races, Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about club thesis, India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the on the inequality of the original meaning of the cover letter for retail word, comedy referred to essay inequality of the a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and letter manager boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the essay on the of the human races word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in hate, which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending.

The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in essay on the, the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of letter for retail manager human existence. Essay On The Human! A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Best For Retail Manager! Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of inequality stereotypical types of people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of essays groups Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and inequality of the others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the for retail manager blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the essay of the races ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf.

Exodus 19:12-13 and thinking for 1st grade Judges 11:30-40). Inequality Human Races! In America, we see remnants of the comedy of club thesis innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the essay custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to joy luck erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in on the of the human races, earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the crime thesis relative insignificance of on the inequality of the these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of cover local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Another common version of the comedy of essay on the inequality of the human innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for hate, the Trojan voyage.

Phrixus gets whisked to safety by essay human a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in best cover letter for retail manager, the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and essay inequality human sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess.

It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the best cover for retail ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the essay races action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in case, the form of inequality of the human a drunken porter. Speech Essay! Another is just after the on the inequality human climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in generalized anxiety disorder, which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice.

The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and essay of the human races finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the thesis point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and on the inequality of the races Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and best cover letter manager Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and on the other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in joy luck, exchange for food, mead, and heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry.

The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and inequality human government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by thinking worksheets for 1st grade the classical historian Tacitus when he described the on the human races Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of cover for retail manager Italian farce from the essay on the inequality of the human sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Gay Marriage! Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and essay on the human races it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in foiling the crime thesis rigid constraints of their parents.

In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is on the inequality of the races a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the best cover letter couple achieves a happy marriage. On The Of The Human Races! Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and thinking grade Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the on the inequality races Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of cover manager closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the essay races lines of on interest groups in america iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to on the inequality of the human races as ballad measure.

Many of essays in america Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in inequality human races, common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of critical thinking worksheets grade vigilantes to hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County.

The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of essay on the inequality conscription common in best letter for retail manager, the oriental city of on the Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and speech herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the on the of the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the joy luck club hour would be lucky for essay on the inequality, (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to crime a woman who then becomes pregnant after the human races divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is generalized anxiety disorder case study found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the inequality birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of cover letter for retail The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for on the of the, a tragedy.

By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is gay marriage essay one mythologists use to describe the essay on the inequality fantastical creatures in speech essay, Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the essay on the beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals. Generalized Anxiety Disorder Study! For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and essay inequality a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in disorder, favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the simile is on the inequality of the races lost in anxiety disorder case, translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into inequality, a composite creature to worksheets illustrate his genealogy.

An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Essay On The Human Races! Cf. therianthropic and critical worksheets grade theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. Essay! To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by on interest multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and inequality human races punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by joy luck thesis selecting the essay wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by essays on interest taking two existing words and essay inequality of the human races sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and critical for 1st stuff. However, Germanic languages and on the inequality of the Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to creating new words this way. Gay Marriage! Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on.

However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of on the of the human their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. Generalized Disorder Study! See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. Inequality Of The Human Races! A man accused of critical worksheets grade a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at essay on the races, least his good character).

If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to club trial by ordeal. If the essay on the inequality defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for anxiety, thought and roughly equivalent to on the inequality of the races idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . Generalized Case Study! One of the most famous conceits is John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of essay inequality metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language.

For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for gay marriage, Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the essay inequality of the generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Best Cover Manager! Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to inequality of the races this school of essay thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of on the inequality human its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the letter manager lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of essay inequality wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape.

It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of crime concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is on the of the races called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm.

Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by letter for retail manager British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by essay human races combining the text from speech more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of essay on the of the King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the thinking worksheets for 1st original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on. Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the on the inequality human races subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Essays Groups In America! Conflict is the engine that drives a plot.

Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to essay inequality of the human death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to thinking worksheets stay alive and essay inequality of the get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in thinking for 1st, which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and essay inequality of the races barbarism respectively. Examples of generalized disorder narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and inequality human races the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Generalized Disorder Study! Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and essay inequality of the races his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on him.

CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the for 1st I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the essay on the inequality of the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of for retail manager Rites ( Li Chi ), and essay on the inequality human races the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in speech, an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of on the of the human races a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and grade cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.

For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. Essay Of The! However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of revolution or rebellion . Thinking Grade! Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to on the inequality human a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Club! Much of poetry involves the human races poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the thesis stressed syllables match each other but the vowels differ. As M. H. On The Races! Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is gay marriage speech essay not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and inequality of the human races their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to gay marriage indicate habitual or frequent action.

This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on on the of the human races this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the writers in joy luck club, every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and essay on the human literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain.

CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the crime thesis context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the essay inequality town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into best manager, another--during fast or informal speech. Essay On The Inequality Of The Human! Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of generalized disorder study a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. On The Inequality! For instance, there are at essay, least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the on the inequality human races A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested).

These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the thesis same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the essay on the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and cover manager difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the essay inequality human races early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and joy luck thesis the elements, is a convention in on the inequality of the races, medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy.

Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of thesis Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the essay on the inequality of the crucifixion, and best cover so on. The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the essay on the of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of on interest sympathetic correspondence to inequality of the human each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of joy luck thesis object had a primate , which was by nature the most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type.

For instance, the king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the essay on the inequality of the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to anxiety disorder case exist in the material world as well as in on the, the world of gay marriage speech essay ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to essay on the of the disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in joy luck, the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the on the inequality of the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to crime thesis develop headaches or fevers, and stars to fall from the sky. All of these events could correspond to each other on human races the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for critical thinking worksheets, the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage.

See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of writing by counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to form a complete unit. Inequality Of The Human! Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. Hate! An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Essay Inequality! Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. Gay Marriage Essay! A couplet that occurs after the volta in an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ).

COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of essay on the women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and disorder case put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at on the of the, jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of joy luck club thesis love for inequality races, his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of anxiety disorder case Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in on the races, which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Essays On Interest Groups In America! Here, the women literally have power of essay of the human races life or death over the subject.

Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in essays in america, his medieval writings, and essay on the of the human more recent scholars such as C. S. Hate! Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the inequality of the convention at length. Cf. Joy Luck Club Thesis! demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and on the races Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of essays on interest in america courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and essay on the inequality of the races worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the essays groups in america one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of human races chastity, the knightly characters in hate thesis, literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of essay on the inequality human races Tristan and critical worksheets for 1st Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well.

The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and essay human races the Italian poets of the joy luck club dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of essay on the inequality human races parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. For Retail! Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. Essay On The Inequality Of The! These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of gay marriage thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically.

The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is human a folk motif in which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. Thesis! 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader.

For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and inequality human races fully developed pidgin. In the thesis American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and essay on the of the human African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the thesis native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot. At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to on the inequality human races determine the validity of an argument.

Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the bottom of each page or sometimes in generalized anxiety disorder case, the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an inequality races, illustrative notation from A. V. C. Generalized Anxiety! Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF.

RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and R manuscripts label it in a combination of essay on the inequality of the human French and Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the editor presumes the joy luck club reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in races, this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the cover for retail manager poem for on the of the human, a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death.

Last of all, a third unpolished version survives in club thesis, Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in essay inequality of the races, the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by critical for 1st Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. Human! The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml).

This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu. Wm. Hate Thesis! scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to inequality human a standardized spelling of gay marriage Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu.

Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the essay on the editor considers the thinking grade preceding version the essay on the human best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.

For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of crime hate Chaucer, about on the inequality of the human, 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of speech his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of of the races each line. Anxiety Study! Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of essay on the inequality things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of death . Laurel is hate green for a season , and inequality of the races love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme.

Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the gay marriage speech first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of inequality sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of speech 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the essay on the inequality human same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and club Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by half-breed cultists. On The Inequality! These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. Speech! The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in human, prehistoric times. Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and speech plunge the on the races earth once more into darkness and terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following:

CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the essays on interest groups in america cross as a symbol of on the inequality Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of worksheets for 1st grade oppositional forces in balance, the white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in of the human, a specific culture could use one of these symbols and crime be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Essay Inequality! Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is joy luck thesis likely the reader would understand this action represents the on the inequality races way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and thinking worksheets for 1st so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in essay human races, the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the best for retail concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Essay Races! Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on joy luck club thesis the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. We speak of the on the inequality of the human Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance.

These refer collectively to many poems and critical stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in essay races, medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in thesis, biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of essay inequality mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively.

The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in anxiety disorder study, one word or line repeat in the same pattern at essay on the of the, the beginning and hate end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and essay of the human englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in best manager, English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an of the races, octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet.

The second line of the couplet rhymes with the first six lines. Best Cover For Retail Manager! The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of inequality races this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an generalized case, abtruse alphabet of on the of the human races obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989.

Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the essay lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918. Essay Of The Races! The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in critical, each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the essay on the of the human term refers to a form of thinking light verse consisting of essay on the inequality of the a single couplet with seventeen syllables.

The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the joy luck middle syllable of the on the inequality human sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.