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LEEWS (Law Essay Exam Writing/Preparation Science/System) changes the game! A proven effective (true) science of preparing for and executing the “A” essay exam, LEEWS is applicable to bar as well as law school exams. Unique, proven systems are put in place for (systematically!) identifying issues [No more haphazard spotting!], presenting analysis in concise paragraphs (roughly one per issue), briefing cases in 2-4 lines(!!), taking far fewer class notes, and compiling condensed, effective, 30-50 page course outlines. Family Case Work. And much more. A law student learns—finally—to learn/think as a reasonable facsimile of research format a [practicing] lawyer. I briefed, outlined my notes, reviewed the law, but still felt totally unprepared for upcoming exams.
This program was exactly what I needed €” the tools to confidently tackle exams in a methodical way. — Jan Court, Univ Texas '00. Just knowing you have a plan €” i.e., the steps €” keeps you from case social, worrying about panic. €” Rob Goldbaum, U. Chicago '92. 3 Sample Law Essay Exams From the LEEWS Primer (with Model Responses) [And an objectives, example of LEEWS' effectiveness in practice.] 1 Actual Civil Procedure Exam With Model Response (written by a LEEWS grad) and Professor Comments. The entire grade (!!) in most law school courses will depend upon studies, performance on a final exam, most if not all of which is essay in nature. (You are basically asked to identify and analyze so-called issues generated in a hypothetical [made up] and usually complex fact pattern, much as a lawyer might.) Most exams are 3-4 hours in length, and either closed or open book. The former means you bring nothing into the exam with you (save the code in a course based on a code of rules [e.g., IRS Code in taxation, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure in civil procedure]). Normally open book allows you to bring in of eden, class notes, textbook, outlines, whatever, which tends to reassure students. However, open book is misleading, as there is family work typically little time to refer to essay business aids.
Open or closed book, the law you need to know should be in your head. Some professors offer take home exams, which may have 8-24 hour time limits, and limits as to family how much you can write or type. Grading is invariably anonymous to protect professors and students alike. Unlike college and graduate school, class participation, acquaintance with the professor, even midsemester (as opposed to midyear) midterms generally have no bearing on research, law school grades. Ask professors themselves, or upperclass students about the grading policies and practices of individual professors. There follow three examples of essay hypotheticals selected from among the eight in the appendix of the LEEWS Primer. Following are models of the LEEWS approach to breaking fact patterns down into units corresponding to relevant issues [Planning Phase], as well as fully developed written responses corresponding to our format of concise paragraphs, roughly one per issue [Writing Phase]. The law needed to address each hypo is provided, as the subjects may as yet be unfamiliar to you. You may want to attempt a response before looking at the models. Standard exam writing advice posits that you follow IRAC.
I.e., identify the Issue, state the applicable Rule, Analyze, Conclude. Family Studies Work. (Sounds great, until you realize you don't know what an issue is, much less how to biometrics identify all issues lurking in the fact pattern; you don't know how to analyze as a lawyer; and you don't know how to present analysis concisely.) Whether you are familiar with the three subjects tested or no, all essay exercises are predictable in nature. A typically complex and confusing fact pattern is followed by question(s)/instruction(s) that in effect require you to identify or spot the legal issues that would be of interest to a judge or lawyer. You must then resolve those issues, bringing to bear relevant law and the analytic dialectic between law and case studies work, facts known as lawyerlike thinking. Should you find yourself thinking, as you review the model responses, I don't think I can ever do that, unless you have a knack for east, taking such exams (possessed by only a small handful of students -- 5-7%, even at Harvard), you are probably correct. Which is studies work why so few law students manage even a single A on research introduction, final exams. But rest assured that anyone with reasonable intelligence and diligence can produce such responses consistently. Showing you how is what LEEWS is all about -- for any exam in case work, any subject, no matter the question(s)/instruction(s) posed by the professor. Civil Procedure Hypothetical (60 min.) Coris Becker, an essay, occasional tennis player, fell while descending steps at the Only For Us Racquet Club in Long Island City, Queens County, New York. As she explained to her husband moments later by phone: Not the most graceful move in the world, Morris.
I got so mad, I smashed Mommy's new titanium Stroker. Be a dear and bring home din-din. I'm going to be in case studies, the hot tub for hours. Essay On Family. As she limped out to her Lexus, Coris ran into the club owner, Jett Setter. He grinned and remarked, I saw that spill, Coris. Case Social Work. Not the most graceful move in the world.
At which point Coris determined to sue Setter personally, as well as the club. Although a resident of Queens County, Coris, joined by her mother, Doris, a resident of Manhattan, New York County, brought suit against Only For Us Racquet Club, Inc. (OFU, Inc.) and Jett Setter personally in New York County, seeking damages for Coris' injury and the destruction of the biometrics tennis racquet. Thereupon followed, inter alia , the following events and motions: 1 €” OFU, Inc. and Setter moved for a change of venue to Queens County. 2 €” Attempts to serve Setter personally at his club were twice unsuccessful, so a copy of the social summons and of masters, complaint was affixed to the door of his home. Another was mailed to him. [So-called nail and mail service.] 3 €” Although the complaint affixed to his door separated from the summons and blew away, and the mailed copy never arrived, Setter, by his attorney, appeared in the action, answered the complaint, interposed affirmative defenses, and otherwise defended against the action. Only later during an appeal did he assert lack of personal jurisdiction as a defense. 4 €” OFU, Inc. Family Studies Social Work. served notice of the deposition of a person who, while standing in the next phone booth, had overheard Coris' conversation with her husband.
Coris moved for a protective order forbidding disclosure of anything overheard as a privileged conversation. 5 €” OFU, Inc. requested an admission from Doris that Coris has a tendency to research essay introduction format negligent behavior. Doris ignored it. 6 €” Following a directed verdict during trial dismissing her cause of action for destruction of the racquet, Doris immediately instituted a claim for damages on the same ground in small claims court, Manhattan. You are a law clerk to, where appropriate, both trial and appellate judges assigned to this case. Prepare a memorandum of case social law respecting the issues raised in the above. Majority state law applies. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPO. (Such legal knowledge should be in research papers, your head as well as your course outline. Note: The law provided herein may or may not be currently accurate.)
Discovery (scope of) €” Generally, all information not otherwise privileged that is relevant to family case the subject matter of the action is discoverable, whether or not the material would be admissible as proof. Communications between spouses €” A confidential communication between husband and wife is privileged against disclosure by either spouse or by a third person (e.g., an eavesdropper). Personal Jurisdiction €” Generally, in order to determine the research papers rights and duties of parties to an action, and to bind the parties personally to its determinations, a court must have in personam jurisdiction over family case studies work, said parties. Said jurisdiction will be had, inter alia, where a defendant is objectives dissertation present in the state where an action is brought, and personally served with process. Where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence, a plaintiff is entitled to substitute such service by affixing a copy of the summons and complaint to social the door or other conspicuous place at the defendant's last known address, and also mailing a copy of same by regular mail to said address (so-called nail and mail). Of Eden. A court has held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of family work suitable age and format, discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the requirements of family studies social due diligence. Waiver of €” Where a defendant appears, answers the complaint, interposes defenses, and at no time during or after trial moves to east of eden dismiss based on, nor claims lack of personal jurisdiction, the defense will be deemed waived on case studies social, appeal. Requests for admission €” A request for admission imposes a duty on the party served to acknowledge the fast obesity essays existence of facts that are not in doubt and family case studies social, that should not be necessary to prove at trial. Biometrics. The party served normally has 30 days to respond.
Failure to timely respond results in the matter being deemed admitted. Inter alia , it is case studies permissible to request that a party admit to a legal conclusion (e.g., that an employee was acting with authority, or that the essay party was traveling against traffic on a one-way street). However, it is not proper to request an admission to an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is negligent, per se). Res Judicata €” Doctrine that for reasons of economy, prevention of harassment, and avoidance of inconsistent judicial rulings (policy!), the relitigation of case social claims and essay, issues is generally prohibited. Claim preclusion €” Doctrine whereby a final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action precludes reassertion of that claim or cause of action in case studies social, a subsequent suit. Venue €” Refers to the proper place for essay, trial of a lawsuit. The purpose of venue rules is to prevent a plaintiff from forcing a defendant to trial where it would be burdensome for him to appear and family social, defend (policy!). Unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action (meaning that the research format transaction which is the subject of the action could have happened anywhere) should be tried in studies social work, the county where the of eden action arose. MODEL RESPONSE TO CIVIL PROCEDURE HYPOTHETICAL. (1/4 - 1/3 of social allotted time divided into 10-15 minute intervals)
Preliminary Overview €” Six distinct events/motions. On Family. Perform Steps One, Two, and case, Three (The Blender) on each is my initial perspective on how to proceed. [Always the Steps, always the Steps €” a constant way of thinking.] Step One €” [Conflict pairings and party objective(s) for each of the objectives of masters six events/motions.] The conflict pairings for all six are either Coris and/or Doris versus OFU, Inc. and/or Jett Setter. [The consistent overall objectives are to obtain damages on one side and to avoid liability on the other. However, given that this is a civil procedure exam, the objectives that count for purposes of generating premises are intermediate in nature. In the larger (intermediate) sense they are to keep the case studies social litigation going versus termination on a procedural ground. More immediate to the six events/motions:] 1 = Change venue to Queens County vs. keep it in Manhattan County.
2 = Establish personal jurisdiction vs. not. 3 = Have lack of personal jurisdiction defense ruled moot vs. exists and viable. 4 = Preclude disclosure of overheard conversation vs. East. have it ruled discoverable. 5 = Have fact admitted vs. Family Case Studies. not admitted. 6 = Have claim heard in small claims court vs. dismissed.
[My view at this point is that each event/motion will generate no more than one or two premises, and will be relatively straightforward of essay business analysis. Therefore, the time to social work be allotted each will be roughly the same. As it would interrupt continuity of essay introduction train of thought and be time wasting to continue applying the Steps to all six, from this point on I shall work on each question to completion before going on to the family social work next .] Step Two €” [Consider each pairing, party, and objective. Cull facts (and course outline) for relevant premises.] 1 = Venue of transitory action is overriding , (i.e., governs the determination, no matter which party's perspective/objective is considered. Research. See definition of Step Two and footnote, page 104.) 2 = Nail and mail service vs. due diligence rule. [Complete analysis/discussion of No.2 (7-8 minutes??), then on studies social, to No.3; . East. . . No.4; . . Family Case Social Work. . 5; . . . 6.]
3 = Rule re lack of personal jurisdiction and grounds for waiver thereof overrides. 4 = Rule re discovery of spousal communication overrides. 5 = Requests for business, admission, and work, failure to respond thereto overrides. 6 = Res judicata rules override. Step Three €” [Consider each premise to note missing elements or real issues.] [Since there appear to fast food be but one or two premises to be considered for case studies work, each event/motion, and since I am working on research, each exclusive of the others, Step Three is family social unnecessary as an independent exercise. It is part and parcel of inspecting the law giving rise to the premise under consideration to determine whether it is necessary to state all of the law to of eden essays begin the first paragraph of analysis, or whether one or more elements can be focused on as pivotal.] Preview of family case studies a logical sequence for discussion €” No overlap of discussion apparent. Fast Food Obesity Essays. No reason apparent not to work proceed in the chronology given.
[When question(s)/instruction(s) offer a labeling format, you of course normally use it. The professor/bar grader will likely be looking for it (Here -- 1,2,3, etc. A Beautiful. It seems unnecessary, time wasting, and probably confusing to mention conflict pairings here. However, I am thinking of and guided by them.] Generally, unless compelling reasons exist to direct otherwise, a transitory action [flag relevant law with underlining or boldface] should be tried in the county where the action arose.
Transitory has been defined to mean that the transaction that is the subject of the action could have occurred anywhere. Case Studies Social. Coris' fall and on family business, the destruction of the racquet could have occurred anywhere. [Concludes statement of relevant premise, i.e., controlling legal precept, that abruptly begins every paragraph.] Moreover, Coris, Only For Us, Inc. (OFU), and case studies, Jett Setter all reside in Queens County. The residence in New York County of Coris' mother, Doris, whose claim is on family business minor, is the only apparent reason for trying the action in New York County. It is hardly compelling. [Concludes lawyerlike analysis -- application of law to relevant facts.] Conclusion : The motion should be granted. [No hedging, as this seems open and shut.] So-called nail and mail service will satisfy the requirements of personal jurisdiction only where personal service on a defendant cannot be effected through due diligence. [Law.] It has been held that three attempts at in hand service at a defendant's place of business, without attempting to serve the defendant at home or leave the summons and complaint with a person of case social suitable age and discretion at the place of business does not satisfy the essay business requirements of due diligence.
Plaintiffs made no attempt to serve defendant Setter personally other than twice unsuccessfully at his place of business. [Analysis.] Conclusion: The attempted nail and mail service was likely [Hedging!] ineffective for lack of due diligence. Where a defendant who has not been properly served nevertheless appears in an action, answers the family social work complaint, and interposes affirmative defenses, but never moves to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction, nor at any time claims lack of essay personal jurisdiction, the defense of lack of studies social personal jurisdiction will be deemed waived upon the taking of an appeal. [Law.] Setter, as concluded above, was never properly served. Nevertheless, he appeared, answered the complaint, defended in the action, and at no time prior to appeal claimed lack of personal jurisdiction. Arguably, raising the claim on on family business, appeal is case studies social work after trial. However, waived upon the taking of an appeal clearly indicates that the time for raising the claim would be deemed tolled. [Analysis.] Conclusion : Setter's defense of lack of personal jurisdiction would be deemed waived on appeal. Generally, all information that is not privileged and is relevant to the subject matter of the essays action is discoverable, even if not admissible as proof.
Confidential communications between husband and wife are privileged from disclosure by family studies social either spouse and by a third party (e.g., an eavesdropper). [Law.] Coris' statement that she had smashed the racquet was relevant for its truth, as well as an indication of essay Coris' truthfulness. Family Case Studies Social Work. Confidential normally implies private or secret. Research Essay. [Add clarification, or law, where needed, and appropriate.] A conversation at a phone that was apparently near other phones would not seem confidential. Moreover, given that Coris had not yet determined to studies sue, her statement in the context of remarks about dinner and a hot tub seems merely casual. Introduction Format. [Analysis.] Conclusion : The motion will fail. The conversation with the husband was not confidential, and family studies social work, therefore not privileged. A request for biometrics research papers, an admission imposes a duty on case studies social work, the party served to acknowledge the existence of a beautiful scene facts that are not in doubt and that should not be necessary to prove at trial. However, inter alia, it is not proper to case social request an admission to essay an abstract statement of law (e.g., that allowing a minor without a license to drive is family case social negligent, per se). The statement in question seems manifestly a matter that is in some doubt, and that may be necessary to prove at trial.
Moreover, in that negligence is a legal conclusion, the statement would appear to be an abstract statement of law. Conclusion : Doris' disregard of the request is of no consequence, as said request imposed no duty of of masters dissertation acknowledgment. A final judgment on the merits of a claim or cause of action generally precludes reassertion of case that claim or cause of action in research introduction, a subsequent suit. Doris' action in small claims court is grounded in studies work, the same facts (destroyed tennis racquet) and sets forth the biometrics same cause of action as the one dismissed in family social, the primary action herein. A directed verdict during trial seems both a final judgment and a judgment on the merits.
Conclusion : The action in small claims court would be dismissed as res judicata. Corporations Hypothetical (50 min.) The RIP Corporation, formed in 1998 by the Bottomline brothers, Ohmy, Padthe, and Savethe, for the purpose (as duly set forth in food childhood, its bylaws and articles of incorporation) of family studies social work manufacturing and retailing so-called landscape rape accessories for four wheel drive and other off-the-road vehicles, quickly prospered and went public. Between 1999, when 100,000 shares were first sold over the counter, and 2001 the essay on family business total value of RIPCORP (as the enterprise was affectionately known) shares, after two splits, rose tenfold to forty million dollars. Flush with their success and invincible in family case studies, their avarice, the Bottomline brothers led RIPCORP in the aggressive pursuit of profit wherever it might be found. The brothers held the chief executive positions in the corporation, as well as a majority of seats on the board of directors. They further owned thirty percent of the outstanding shares, by far the biometrics largest voting block.
Thus, acquiescence in their increasingly bold ventures was virtually assured. Matters began to tangle when Meddle, a shareholder of record since purchasing 100 shares at case social the initial offering, took umbrage at RIPCORP's proposed acquisition of obesity essays Southeast Asia ski resort options. Work. In the fall of 2001 Meddle sought permission to inspect the a beautiful RIPCORP minutes and other records relating to the ski resort venture. When she refused to accede to the demand of the Bottomline brothers that she first divulge her intentions regarding the inspection, the brothers issued a directive limiting access to the books and records to persons cleared by them, and under no circumstances to Meddle or her representative. Thereupon Meddle brought suit in her own right and on behalf of RIPCORP against the corporation and the Bottomline brothers personally to gain access to the books and records, to family case studies social work block the ski resort venture as an ultra vires act, and for repayment by the RIPCORP board of on family directors of any expenses incurred in connection with the pursuit of said venture.
1) RIPCORP moved to dismiss the action for, inter alia, lack of standing, failure to first make a demand on the board of directors, and failure to state a cause of action. 2) RIPCORP moved in the alternative that the court require Meddle to post $25,000 security for costs as a precondition to continued maintenance of the suit. Family. 3) Meanwhile, the objectives of masters RIPCORP board passed a resolution providing for indemnification of the case work directors in the event Meddle prevailed, and purchased insurance to provide for same. Meddle immediately moved to quash these actions. How should the court decide the motions under 1, 2, and 3 above? RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR CORPORATIONS HYPO. Ultra vires acts €” Generally includes acts beyond the purpose or powers of the corporation, and sometimes includes acts within the purposes and powers of the a beautiful corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority. Many jurisdictions now restrict ultra vires challenges to the following: 1) the right of a shareholder to enjoin unauthorized corporate acts; 2) the right of the case studies social attorney general of the state to enjoin such activities; 3) the research right of the corporation to family recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present or former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s). Shareholder inspection rights €” Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to research introduction inspect corporate books and records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and minutes of stockholder meetings on demand if 1) he has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the demand; or 2) he is a holder of 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares.
Shareholder rights of studies action €” Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in his own name to enforce his rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation. The latter derivative action may be maintained only scene essay if 1) the case plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought; 2) the plaintiff was a shareholder when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred; and 3) the plaintiff shows in biometrics research, his complaint that he has demanded that the board of directors commence the action, or that there are sufficient reasons for not making the demand (e.g., the family work board members are the defendants). Note that in order to papers minimize the possibility of studies derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, the corporation may require the scene plaintiff to post security for costs, unless 1) the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at studies work least 5 percent of any class of outstanding shares; or 2) the fast food childhood essays value of their shares exceeds $50,000. Indemnification €” Generally, a director or officer may not be indemnified (reimbursed) against a judgment obtained against case social work him in a direct action by the corporation, or a derivative action on behalf of the corporation, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the action, unless, inter alia, he is adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. The corporation may purchase insurance to research essay introduction format indemnify officers and directors for family social work, even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the officer/director is shown. MODEL RESPONSE TO CORPORATIONS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The three motions referred to by the question are like three questions, each to be considered separately. [Note the enormous benefit here of skipping over biometrics research, the facts.] Step One €” Conflict pairing(s) : [A quick review of the motions in conjunction with the social sentence that precedes them reveals the single conflict pairing throughout.] RIPCORP, Inc. v. Meddle, etc., or vice versa for each motion (i.e., question). Objectives : [Somewhat confusing, as the essay sentence immediately preceding the motions reflects three ultimate objectives of Meddle.
However, the objectives relevant to studies work a Step One analysis and the question are implied in the three motions. Note that motion #1 also provides Movant RIPCORP's premises (!!). Whether the ultimate objectives will be achieved depends upon resolution of the motions.] 1) dismiss the action versus keep it going; 2) $25,000 security be required to be posted, versus not; 3) board indemnification resolution and east of eden, purchase of insurance be quashed, versus maintenance of same. Step Two €” [RIPCORP is movant for motions 1 and 2, Meddle for 3. The motions themselves, especially the first, point to family case social overriding premises. In that a court may dismiss all or part of a suit, each premise must be considered in light of each of Meddle's objectives set forth in the preceding sentence . The facts in biometrics papers, the first two paragraphs need only case work be considered for purposes of analysis.] 1) Lack of essay format standing, failure to first make a demand on the board, and failure to state a cause of action respecting each of Meddle's three objectives = potentially nine discussions. but probably not.
2) [Must refer to family case studies social work relevant portions of corporations toolbox.] The law [Noted in toolbox only. Don't write it in your outline.] respecting requirement that a shareholder plaintiff in action against dissertation corporation post bond. 3) The law respecting indemnification and/or insurance of directors in such a suit. Step Three €” [The motions seem more or less equivalent in weight. Given the complexity of the relevant premises noted in Step Two, the effort necessary for a Step Three analysis seems needlessly duplicative of the analysis to be performed in writing the actual response. Therefore, it seems advisable to family case social work skip Step Three and go to the writing phase .] Preview of a logical sequence for discussion €” No reason apparent for not proceeding chronologically. Lack of standing/failure to state a cause of action. Generally, a shareholder may sue the corporation in her own name to enforce her rights as a shareholder, and/or on behalf of the corporation to procure a judgment in favor of the corporation.
Inter alia, the latter derivative action can be maintained only if the plaintiff is a shareholder when the action is brought and research essay, when the alleged wrong to the corporation occurred. Meddle (M) is currently a shareholder, and has been since long before the ski resort venture. Generally, shareholders have a limited right, founded in common law and statute, to inspect corporate books and case social work, records which are relevant to a proper purpose. Courts will determine whether a purpose is proper. A shareholder may examine the stock book and objectives, minutes of stockholder meetings on studies work, demand if she has been a stockholder of record for at least six months immediately preceding the a beautiful scene demand; or she is a holder of five percent of any class of outstanding shares. M's 100 shares, presumably grown after 'two splits to 400, constitutes much less than five percent of any class of shares. However, she has been a stockholder of record since the initial offering, over two years prior.
So-called ultra vires acts €” acts beyond the purposes or powers of the corporation, and sometimes acts within the case social purposes and scene, powers of the corporation, but performed in an unauthorized manner or without authority may properly be challenged by shareholders. Moreover, the family case studies social work corporation may recover damages from the officers and/or directors (present and former) responsible for the ultra vires act(s) . Given that RIPCORP's stated corporate purpose is to manufacture and retail accessories for on family business, off-road vehicles, the work Southeast Asian ski venture (Venture) has the appearance of an ultra vires act for which damages may be sought. Failure to east of eden first make a demand on the board. Another requirement for maintaining a derivative action is case studies work that the plaintiff demand that the board commence the action, or there be sufficient reasons for a beautiful scene, not making such demand (e.g., the board members are the defendants). The Bottomline brothers are named in M's suit and hold a majority of seats on the board, thereby satisfying the exception.
Conclusion : The motion should be denied, as all of RIPCORP's challenges lack merit. Corporations, in order to minimize the possibility of derivative actions without merit being brought merely for nuisance value settlements or counsel fee awards, may require a shareholder plaintiff to post security for family social work, costs , unless the plaintiff or plaintiffs hold at least five percent of any class of scene outstanding shares, or the case value of their shares exceeds $50,000. M's 100 shares constituted but 1/10th of one percent of the initial 100,000 share offering. Their value at the time of the suit would have been 1/10th of one percent of forty million dollars, or approximately $40,000. Research Papers. However, M has been a shareholder since the very beginning of the corporation, and, as set forth, supra , a challenge to the Venture seems hardly without merit. [Yes, basic math may be necessary!]
Conclusion : Although M falls $10,000 short of the $50,000 exception, the motion should probably be denied. Given that M's sharehold nearly satisfies the exception, and social work, the policy justification underlying the security requirement seems utterly lacking, it is unlikely that a court would permit the corporation to impose this financial impediment. [Note the use of the policy underpinning as a basis for biometrics, a counterargument.] Generally, a corporate director (or officer) may not be indemnified against family case social work a judgment obtained against him in a direct action by a beautiful scene the corporation or a derivative action, or for amounts paid in settlement thereof. The director may, however, be indemnified against expenses of defending the case studies work action, unless, inter alia, he is research essay format adjudged to have violated his fiduciary duty of good faith and reasonable care in the circumstances. Family Studies Social. The corporation may purchase insurance to indemnify officers and biometrics, directors for even the above judgments, providing no deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of the studies work officer/director is shown. [Given this much legal preamble, it seems appropriate to research begin the studies work analysis in a new paragraph.] M's action is in part derivative on behalf of biometrics RIPCORP, and a judgment obtained in this respect cannot be indemnified against. The facts are unclear about whether the resolution indemnifies against expenses of defending against the action. Assuming, arguendo , that it does, the inherent improbability, indeed inherent folly of the case studies Venture, coupled with its seeming obvious ultra vires aspect, strongly suggests a violation by the directors of their duty to exercise reasonable care, if not a violation of of eden their duty to act in good faith.
However, given that RIPCORP appears to have been engaged for case studies, some time in a pattern of divers schemes wholly unrelated to biometrics research papers its stated purpose, it is unlikely that a court would be willing to take judicial notice of studies work such a conclusion so early in the proceedings. Nothing in the facts suggests deliberate dishonesty or unlawful gain on the part of any RIPCORP director/officer that would preclude the purchase of indemnification insurance. Conclusion : The motion should be granted as to any portion of the resolution that purports to indemnify against judgments obtained on childhood obesity essays, behalf of the case social corporation, denied as to portions that indemnify against judgments obtained by M, and east of eden essays, denied with leave to renew at a later time with respect to work all other portions. T properly executed a will in 1994, by the terms of which he distributed his entire estate in the following manner: First: I bequeath my racehorse, Swayback, to research my friend, X. Second: I bequeath $100,000 to family social work my brother, Y.
Third: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to my faithful companion, Z. In 1998, having fallen out with Z, T properly executed a new will with the following terms: First: I bequeath $100,000 to my brother, Y. Second: I give, devise, and bequeath the rest, residue, and remainder of my estate to objectives of masters my (new) faithful companion, B. In 1999, having reconciled with Z and spurned B, T properly executed a codicil to his 1994 will, by the terms of which he increased the legacy to Y to $150,000; and in all other respects he ratified, confirmed, and republished the 1994 will. T died in family studies social, 2001. In a probate proceeding the evidence established the biometrics papers following: 1) Although sober when he made the codicil in 1999, T was drunk out of family case studies social work his mind when he executed the 1994 will. 2) T sold Swayback to a syndicate in 1997 for $200,000. 3) Inadvertently in 2000 T, falling asleep at his desk with cigarette in east, hand, set fire to some papers.
One of the papers destroyed was the original copy of the 1999 codicil, which T had been reviewing. 4) Y died in 2000. 5) S, the son of Y, was one of several witnesses to case work T's execution of the 1994 will. Discuss the rights of the various parties in terms of east of eden who takes what from T's estate. RELEVANT LEGAL PRINCIPLES FOR WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Ademption €” Occurs when a specific legacy (defined below) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies (because, for example, it has been sold or given away). When an case work, ademption occurs, the legatee takes nothing. Death of a beneficiary €” A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses (returns to fast childhood essays the estate).
By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Family Work. Such surviving issue will take the a beautiful essay legacy in equal proportions per family case social, stirpes . Disposition of estate €” Shall be in accordance with a decedent's last will and testament. Execution of a will €” A properly executed will implies at fast food childhood obesity least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to family social work take under said will. Republication €” A properly executed codicil to a revoked will operates as a republication of essays a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is case so despite the essay introduction format fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. Revocation €” As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the case social work prior will by implication. A will may further be revoked by means of its physical destruction. Such destruction, however, must be accompanied with the intent and for the purpose of revoking the will. Specific legacy €” A bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature. It must be taken by the legatee as and where he finds it. Testamentary capacity €” Absent evidence to the contrary, testamentary capacity will be presumed where the format testator, in executing a will or other document, accurately recites the family case studies social nature and of eden essays, extent of his property, and recognizes the natural objects of his bounty.
Witness as beneficiary €” A witness to a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. MODEL RESPONSE TO WILLS HYPOTHETICAL. Preliminary Overview €” The instruction points to case studies parties who stand to take from T's estate. Each will be in objectives, opposition to anyone or anything that would prevent him from taking from T's estate. Step One €” X, Y, Z, B, and A vs. anyone or thing (including each other, T, the state, or the family case work estate) that stands between him and taking from T's estate. B v. Z seems a key conflict. Step Two €” [Each claimant must establish that the essays will or codicil upon family studies, which he bases his claim is valid and controlling. Childhood Essays. Each will likewise seek to defeat a competitor claim. Legal precepts governing testamentary disposition set forth in my wills toolbox will come into play. However, it would be inefficient and confusing to try to family case social sort them out at this point.
Better to scene focus on one conflict at a time in the writing phase. Family Case Studies Social Work. Possibly there will be overlap of premises/discussion.] Step Three €” [Having declined to biometrics research papers set forth the premises of the various parties in Step Two, I may as well go straight to the response. My impression is that once the family studies social controlling rules are set forth, analysis will be relatively uncomplicated.] Ability of a per stirpes witness, S, to take may be an interesting discussion. Preview of a logical sequence of discussion €” Resolving which instrument controls seems the obvious first step. Therefore, beginning with B v. Z would seem to on family make sense. B and Z's rights [This label conforms to the instruction. B v. Z might confuse. But I'm thinking B v. Z!]
As a general rule, a subsequent will that is entirely inconsistent with a prior will, or a later will that makes a complete disposition of the testator's property, shall be deemed to have revoked the prior willby implication. The 1998 will was inconsistent with the 1994 will and made a complete disposition of T's property, thereby revoking the 1994 will and Z's legacy. However, a properly executed codicil to family social work a revoked will operates as a republication of a will that is, in form, properly executed. This is so despite the a beautiful scene fact that the will so republished may have been invalid for studies, want of testamentary capacity at the time of making. The properly executed 1999 codicil republished the properly executed 1994 will, thereby restoring Z's legacy. The fact that T was sober when making the codicil moots any effect of essay on family business T having been drunk when making the 1994 will. There being no evidence to the contrary, the fact that T in executing the codicil accurately recited the nature and extent of his property and recognized the natural objects of his bounty will establish his testamentary capacity in making the family studies work codicil. Although a will may be revoked by papers means of physical destruction , such destruction must be accomplished with the intent and for case social work, the purpose of revoking the will. The circumstance that the original copy of the codicil was destroyed inadvertently in 2000 is thus of no avail to B. Conclusion : The 1998 will is research essay format revoked, and B takes nothing. Z takes the rest, residue, and remainder of T's estate under the 1999 codicil that revived the 1994 will.
An ademption occurs when a specific legacy (i.e., a bequest of a particular, individualized chattel, differentiated from all other articles of the same or similar nature) is not in existence or not in the possession of the testator when he dies. When an ademption occurs, the family studies legatee takes nothing. The racehorse, Swayback, appears to be such a particular, individualized chattel. East Of Eden Essays. In that Swayback was sold prior to T's death, the work republication of the 1994 will is of no avail to X. Conclusion : X takes nothing from T's estate, as his legacy has adeemed. A disposition to a beneficiary who predeceases the testator ordinarily lapses. By statute in many jurisdictions, however, dispositions to beneficiaries who are issue or siblings do not lapse, providing such beneficiaries have surviving issue. Fast Food Childhood Obesity. Such surviving issue will take the legacy in family case studies, equal proportions per stirpes . Therefore, although Y predeceased T, Y's son, S, would take the objectives of masters $150,000, providing he is not disqualified by having witnessed the now republished 1994 will. A witness to case a will may take under that will, providing said will can be proved in probate without his assistance. Essay Introduction. A properly executed will implies at least two witnesses thereto who do not stand to family take under said will.
S was one of on family several witnesses to the 1994 will, implying that more than two persons witnessed the will. Therefore, presumably two other witnesses exist to prove the will in probate. NB: Arguably S should be permitted to take under the family 1994 will per stirpes, even were he one of only two witnesses to the will. The rationale for not allowing a witness necessary to probate to take under the will being probated is presumably the objectives of masters dissertation conflict of interest posed. The reliability of a witness with a vested interest in having the will probated is compromised. Case Studies Social Work. Y, however, not S stood to take under the 1994 will. Had there been any consideration of Y predeceasing T, and therefore S taking, S probably would not have been asked to witness the will. However, it could also be contended that that was then, and now S does have a compromising vested interest. [This latter paragraph is not necessary. However, it demonstrates the kind of interest and east, thoughtfulness that may catch a professor's attention and garner an A. Possibly it should be highlighted in some way, perhaps with a red star.
I might even decide to put it on family case work, the blank page left at the beginning. (See p.75.)] Conclusion : Y, having predeceased T, will take nothing. Research. However, Y's intended legacy will go to the son, S, per stirpes . S's having witnessed the will under which he takes should not disqualify him, providing two others of the several witnesses to case work the will exist to prove it in research introduction, probate. Actual Civil Procedure I Exam, Fall 2006, U. Family Social Work. Memphis School of Law (with Model A+ Response and Professor Comments) [The example that follows is an actual exam and model response sent to us by east of eden essays one Richard Townley, Sr., U. Memphis class of 2009E (evening division). The exam was given jointly to two first year classes by their professors. Richard ordered the audio CD version of LEEWS. His is the work verbatim model response offered to students — with professor comments! — as what was wanted. His response received the highest grade, one of only two A+ grades. His accompanying remarks are reprinted in the Results section.
Inter alia (among other things), he said, LEEWS was absolutely essential to east of eden my success. Studies Social Work. . The exemplar is, in fact, *my* exam essay answer, and biometrics papers, if I say so myself, it's a pretty good LEEWS exemplar as well. We reiterate that the LEEWS objective for every response is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with relevant law and family studies work, presenting balanced lawyerlike analysis. . What is surely wanted when confronted with a task such as what follows is a system whereby in structured, step-by-step fashion, the examinee knows exactly what is wanted and how to proceed and present. For example, a LEEWS grad will immediately skip over the confusing fact pattern to the question/instruction, typically at scene essay the end, and perform Step One. A LEEWS grad has also read many such introductory instructions, and family case social work, therefore will skim through quickly to note what, if anything, is new and/or unusual. Note that the average student managed less than 17 points out of a possible 45 on the essay exam versus Richard's 39 (!!). . It may be further noted that although these professors did not require a so-called IRAC format [and we commend that!), Richard's paragraphed response could easily have been conformed to a Follow IRAC instruction by biometrics merely introducing an issue statement before each paragraph, and a conclusion statement at the end. LEEWS posits that in general issue statements are unnecessary, as starting a paragraph with law implies the issue, and conclusions are unimportant.] Civil Procedure I -- Exam Results -- Fall, 2006 (§ 11 = Prof Banks, § 12 = Prof Entman) Essays - 45 points. Average -- § 11 [17.2]; § 12 [16.1]; both sections [16.6] Range -- § 11 [3 - 42]; § 12 [4 - 39]
Multiple Choice - 55 points (35 questions) Average -- § 11 [33.70]; § 12 [35.00]; both sections [34.36] Range -- § 11 [18.86 - 50.29]; § 12 [17.29 - 53.43] Total - 100 points. Average -- § 11 [50.90]; § 12 [51.09]; both sections [50.99] Range -- § 11 [22.86 - 92.29]; § 12 [26.29 - 83.00] Average Grade - § 11 [2.33] Both Sections [2.34] § 12 [2.34] A+: 82 and above. F : 0 - 32. INSTRUCTIONS - Read these instructions carefully. You are responsible for following them to the letter and will be assessed a point penalty or given a failing grade for failure to follow instructions.
Before you begin work on this examination, be sure that you have an examination booklet consisting of 8 consecutively numbered pages -- beginning with this page. Part I consists of problems calling for written analysis. Part II consists of 35 multiple choice questions. If your examination is case studies social work incomplete, you should advise the on family instructor immediately. It is your responsibility to ensure that you are working with a complete examination. The exam is closed book. Family Work. You may not use any material other than this examination booklet, the answer sheet, blank paper and an appropriate writing instrument. Biometrics. You may not, of course, confer with or receive assistance from any other person.
Your answers for Part I should be written on the paper provided. Be sure to identify clearly which subpart you are answering (e.g., I. A.). When you have completed your answers to Part I, number your pages consecutively, write your identification number on each page, and staple all of the pages together in the upper left hand corner. 1. Answer only the question asked and do so with organization, precision, legibility, and proper grammar and spelling. 2. If a court rule or a statute is relevant to a problem, you may identify it by number, but you must discuss its substance whether or not you mention the rule or statute by number. 3. Write on only one side of case studies social a page and leave a left margin. Write your identification number in the space provided on the answer sheet for Part II and mark the appropriate corresponding circles on your answer sheet to indicate your examination number. Do not staple the answer sheet for Part II to anything.
Submission of essay on family business Exams -- General Instructions When you have finished the examination, place your answers to Part I, your answer sheet for Part II, and work, the exam booklet in childhood obesity essays, the separately designated boxes. All examination booklets must be turned in. You must write your identification number on this exam booklet at the top of the first page and return the booklet in order that your exam answer sheet may be matched with the correct version of the answers. Family Case Social Work. Do not write your name on anything. For this examination, unless we have specifically studied to the contrary, you should assume the essay introduction format following: 1. all states have adopted rules of civil procedure identical to the Federal Rules of family studies social work Civil Procedure; 2. all states have enacted statutes that authorize the scene essay exercise of jurisdiction on each of the traditional bases recognized by the Supreme Court up to studies social work the date of its decision in research introduction, International Shoe;
3. all states have also enacted the following statutes: X.C.A. § 1-1-111: A court may exercise personal jurisdiction over a person (including an individual, his executor, administrator, or other personal representative, or a corporation, partnership, or any other legal or commercial entity) who acts directly or by an agent, as to a claim for relief arising from the person€™s. (a) transacting any business within this State; (b) causing tortious injury by family studies work an act or omission in this State; (c) causing tortious injury in this State by an act or omission outside this State if the research introduction person regularly does or solicits business, or engages in any other persistent course of conduct, or derives substantial revenue from goods used or consumed or services rendered in this State; (d) owning, using or possessing any property situated in this State; (e) contracting to insure any person, property, or risk located within this State at the time of family case studies social work contracting. X.C.A. § 2-2-222: In any suit brought in the courts of this State, service of process may be achieved by sending a summons and a copy of the complaint by essays registered mail, return receipt requested, to the defendant's home address, or principal place of business, wherever located. The problems in studies work, Part I are worth a total of 45 points. They are not of equal weight. A. You are now an associate attorney in business, a law firm.
Respond fully to the following memorandum from one of your employers. €śI Quit€ť is not a recommended answer. To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 11, 2006. [Fact pattern (hypo)] Tristan and family case work, Isolde are partners in a furniture repair business. Their shop is in the State of Swabia where most of their customers are from. Sometimes people from the nearby States of format Prussia and Bavaria bring repair jobs to the shop in family studies social work, Swabia. Isolde was raised in Prussia and lived there with her parents until June, 2003, when she moved into an apartment in introduction format, Swabia to see if she would enjoy living away from home.
In July, 2003, a vice-president of First Commercial Industrial Bank of Prussia [€śFirst Commercial€ť] attended a lecture on furniture repair that Isolde gave in Prussia. He decided that Tristan and Isolde had a promising business and that the bank would do well to procure their business. After receiving a letter at their shop offering the bank€™s services, Tristan and Isolde decided to borrow $150,000 from First Commercial. By telephone, they requested the bank send them the social paperwork at their shop. On August 15, 2003, Tristan and Isolde signed the loan papers at their shop and Tristan immediately took them to First Commercial€™s main office, located ten miles away in scene essay, the State of Prussia. First Commercial then gave them a check for $150,000 minus closing costs of case social work approximately $5,000. Objectives Dissertation. The loan agreement provided that its interpretation and validity would be governed by the law of Prussia and that it was to be repaid in two years. Due to financial difficulties, Tristan and Isolde made only two payments on the loan. When First Commercial threatened to sue them, Tristan settled the bank€™s claim against him for $50,000. First Commercial then sued Isolde in the United States District Court for Prussia to family social collect the unpaid principal and interest.
First Commercial€™s attorney served Isolde with process by registered mail, return receipt requested, to her at the shop in Swabia. On May 15, 2005, after Isolde failed to respond to the complaint and summons, the a beautiful essay court entered a default judgment against her for case studies, $100,000. On December 1, 2006, First Commercial sought to register the judgment against Isolde with the United States District Court for the District of Swabia. In conjunction that proceeding, First Commercial procured a writ of dissertation garnishment, attaching $10,000 that Isolde had in case social, a bank account in Swabia. First Commercial also procured a writ of garnishment from the a beautiful scene federal court in studies work, Bavaria, attaching a $5,000 debt owed to Isolde by one of her customers there. [Question/instruction] We represent Isolde. Please submit a memo to me discussing fully whether Isolde has any defenses she may raise to the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Be sure to discuss fully any possible defenses that you may have considered and rejected and explain fully why you have rejected them. B. The next day, you receive the following memorandum from the same partner. Again, respond fully.
To: Associate. Re: First Commercial Industrial Bank v. Isolde. Date: Dec. 12, 2006. I have now learned that Isolde was involved in an automobile accident in a beautiful essay, Swabia a week after she was served with process by registered mail.
She was rendered unconscious for two days. An ambulance rushed her to the nearest hospital, which was located in Prussia. Three days after the accident, but while she was hospitalized in Prussia, a private process server acting on behalf of First Commercial served Isolde in her hospital bed with a another copy of the summons and complaint for the same lawsuit. Given that she was served while in the state, it now seems to me that the judgment of the federal district court in family, Prussia against Isolde is business unquestionably valid and is enforceable in both Swabia and Bavaria. Please discuss fully whether you believe that assumption is valid and family studies social, whether the of masters service on Isolde in the hospital establishes jurisdiction. The discussion below is a verbatim copy of a student€™s essay that received a top grade.
Commentary by Professors Banks and Entman appears in brackets. . [LEEWS note: We reprint this commentary in blue.] LEEWS NOTE: “IRAC” (merely a formula for organizing analysis of an issue) prescribes a statement of I ssue to precede the statement of R ule, and the discussion ( A nalysis). (And C onclusion at the end.) The LEEWS paragraphing format posits that an abrupt statement of premise (relevant law) to begin a paragraph implies the family case work issue, making a separate statement of introduction format issue unnecessary (thereby saving time). Richard's model response in LEEWS format does this. Our only family case studies work suggestion is that underlining or boldfacing key words in the preamble of law — e.g., Subject matter jurisdiction in research papers, the opening paragraph, federal diversity statute in the next — to assist the professor in family social, recognizing the topic (issue). Subject-matter jurisdiction. Objectives Of Masters Dissertation. The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they can only hear certain types of claims as outlined in Article III of the US Constitution and as authorized by Congressional Statute. First Commercial will argue that the US District Court has subject-matter jurisdiction to hear this case based on the diversity of citizenship of the parties. First Commercial is a citizen of case Prussia. Isolde has been living in Swabia for one month. [The facts do not give sufficient information to know how long Isolde had been living in Swabia at the time First Commercial filed its complaint, which is the time at which jurisdiction must either exist or not.
At most, one can deduce that the suit was brought as early as November 2003 or as late as April 2005. Consequently, Isolde must have been living in Swabia for more than one month, but not the two or three years that some students stated.] She can argue that she is still domiciled in Prussia, where she lived her whole life up to June of 2003, because she only moved to Swabia temporarily, to see €śif she would enjoy€ť life on her own. Essays. If Isolde is found to be a domiciliary of family social Prussia, then there is not diversity of citizenship and thus no subject matter jurisdiction. However, if Isolde is found to have relocated to Swabia with the biometrics research papers intent of staying for family case work, the indefinite future, then the parties are diverse. The federal diversity statute also requires the amount in controversy to east essays exceed $75,000.
The $100,000 judgment against Isolde satisfies this requirement. N.B. [Please do not use abbreviations, including this one.] This action could not be brought under €śfederal question€ť jurisdiction because breach of contract is a state common-law claim. Social. Therefore nothing in the plaintiff€™s complaint arises under the Constitution and laws of the United States. Subject-matter jurisdiction is never waived, and in this case, it has not been previously litigated, so it could be raised on collateral attack. However, it is more likely than not that the court will find that Isolde did move to Swabia with the intent to stay indefinitely, so the District Court in Prussia probably did have subject-matter jurisdiction. Personal jurisdiction.
In the alternative, Isolde can argue that the rendering court in Prussia lacked jurisdiction over the person. Research Essay. Because this has not been litigated, it can be raised on family case studies social, collateral attack in the enforcing court. [We would have preferred a discussion at this point that specifically points out that Isolde never even appeared in the first action. Biometrics Research Papers. Most of you could have improved your answers by making better use of the facts to support your analysis. The reason Isolde can raise personal jurisdiction on collateral attack is because she did not appear at all in the original action. Since she did not appear, there is no reason to family case studies discuss Rule 12.] First, Isolde will argue that there are no traditional bases for establishing jurisdiction over her in Prussia. N.B. The federal courts derive their personal jurisdictional reach from the state in which they are situated, so the District Court can exert personal jurisdiction over an out of introduction format state defendant only if the studies state court could do so.
Isolde was not served with process with Prussia, so transitory [transient?] jurisdiction does not attach. Because it is necessary that she be domiciled in Swabia to establish diversity of essay citizenship, First Commercial cannot argue that she be subjected to case studies social personal jurisdiction on the basis of domicile. Even though the food childhood contract included a choice-of-law provision applying the laws of Prussia to possible disputes, that is studies not the same as a consent provision. [A surprising number of students referred to this as a forum selection clause. At least one student referred to it as a forum selection clause in part of the answer and a choice of law provision in another part of the same answer. A Beautiful Scene Essay. Another specifically stated that it was a forum selection clause and not a choice of law provision. Mistakes of this type may be attributable to sloppy reading of the facts but they are also a strong indication of a serious lack of preparation. Failure to devote sufficient time to study of the assigned materials frequently manifests itself in a person€™s demonstrated obliviousness to important distinctions. Others simply didn€™t know what to family case social work do with the essays fact, thus reflecting a failure to study the Burger King opinion and to case studies social work pay attention to essay our class discussions of it.] Statutory basis.
First Commercial will argue that the studies work long-arm statute conferred specific jurisdiction over Isolde on the basis of the first of the enumerated acts: €śa) transacting any business within the State.€ť The claim for relief, the a beautiful scene $100,000 breach of contract, arises from the family studies social defendant€™s act of entering into papers the loan contract, which First Commercial will argue was executed on Tristan€™s delivery of the loan documents to the Bank€™s main office in Prussia. Isolde will counter that her act was signing the documents, which took place at the furniture shop in Swabia. This is a valid argument so long as the court reads the statute literally and narrowly. However, if a court interpreted the statute broadly (See Gray v. American Radiator) it might find that the statute reaches the family studies social out of state act, the signing of the essay contract, which causes an in case social work, state result, the execution of the papers contract. [It is probably not necessary to stretch the construction of the statute as the court did in Gray to hold that it confers jurisdiction, given the facts of this problem. The statute covers transacting business in the forum state €śdirectly or by an agent.€ť Like McShara in Burger King, Tristan was acting on behalf of the partnership (thus as an agent) in delivering the papers to the bank. The facts specifically state that Isolde, along with Tristan, signed the papers and that he immediately took them to the bank. You should never, as many of you did, overlook the statement that Isolde signed the papers or speculate that she may not have read them.
There is simply no basis in the facts for speculating that Isolde didn€™t know what she was signing. Indulging in speculation that she might not have reveals desperation.] Constitutional Standard. The Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that no state shall deprive a citizen of life, liberty or property without due process of law. The U.S. Supreme Court defined the due process standard as it relates to imposing personal jurisdiction on an out of case studies state defendant in International Shoe: jurisdiction is constitutional only if the cause of action arises from the defendant€™s minimum contacts with the forum, such that the assertion of jurisdiction would not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Assuming, arguendo, [LEEWS note: We teach the proper use of words like arguendo -- because they are useful and add a lawyerly caste to biometrics research the presentation.] that the long-arm statute is sufficient to family studies work provide a statutory basis of research jurisdiction over Isolde, would such jurisdiction be constitutional under the Shoe standard? [While it is implicit in the answer that the constitutional hurdle becomes important only if the court first accepts the argument that the statute confers jurisdiction, a perfect answer would have explained that relationship more fully.] Isolde will argue no, because the contact which gives rise to the claim, the signed loan contract, was brought into the forum by the unilateral actions of a third party, Tristan. Therefore, Isolde did not purposefully avail herself of the privileges of studies social work conducting activities in the forum, Prussia. First Commercial will counter that Tristan and Isolde were operating together to secure the loan. They reached into the forum when they called First Commercial.
Isolde knew that Tristan was taking the documents to Prussia, [run-on sentence, a sin committed by many students in these essays] therefore it was imminently [eminently] foreseeable that the contract would be executed there, and biometrics research papers, she could reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Prussia over any disputes to the contract. (See Denckla, Worldwide VW). While there are some open questions regarding minimum contacts, the family case work facts seem to favor First Commercial. In the alternative, [In addition?] can Isolde raise any of the fairness factors, defining €śfair play and substantial justice,€ť articulated in the US Supreme Court€™s Burger King decision? In weighing the relative burden on Isolde compared to the interest of First National in litigating in of masters dissertation, Prussia, it does not seem unfair to require Isolde to travel to studies social work a nearby state where she lived most of her life and where she sometimes appears to give lectures. The interest of the forum state in adjudicating the dispute would be well served because of the choice of essay on family business law provision; Prussia has an interest in adjudicating its own laws. Family Case Studies Social. The interest of the several states in efficiency and of eden essays, public policy do not seem to family case studies work enter the research essay picture, so the fairness factors do not point to family social work Prussia as an unfair forum for Isolde. Conclusion. Although Isolde has some colorable arguments, she probably cannot invalidate the research original judgment on a defense of lack of personal jurisdiction.
[Many of you neglected altogether most of the issues about validity of the Prussia judgment treated in the foregoing answer, instead discussing at length personal jurisdiction, subject matter jurisdiction, and service of process in the enforcement proceedings in Swabia and Bavaria. Family Case Studies Social Work. Such discussions reflect a lack of knowledge of east of eden our classwork on Assignment 27, a failure to read the Shaffer v. Heitner opinion carefully, and case studies social, a failure to study the problems following that opinion in the casebook.]
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eve resume tutorial This informative guide will give you the information you need prior to starting your journey in family social work the EVE Online Universe. Make sure you read it carefully as there is a lot to learn! This guide covers the story, the various factions, the navigation and much much more! : AURA - New Eden's premier capsuleer AI technology. Long ago, before the rise of the 5 major empires, the human race was united as one. Wormholes are cosmic anomalies that provide a shortcut to a distant location in space.
Naturally the location of a wormhole exit is unknown until you enter it yourself and see what is on the other side. The exit could be trillions of light years away or in a neighbouring system. All wormholes have a mass limit and once the essay introduction format limit is exceeded the wormhole will collapse with no way of studies social work re-opening it. Stargates allow pilots to travel from one system in the universe to another, very accurately and very quickly by creating their own wormholes achieved by manipulating gravity fields of nearby planets. Stargates need to a beautiful be towed into position and anchored properly by a crew of case studies social work specialist engineers. This process can take a very long time, hundreds of years in some cases. Essay Introduction Format. Crew members are often cryogenically frozen for family work the the entirety of the journey. With the essay introduction EVE Gate unoperational and now seemingly impossible to finish, actions were then taken to try and recover lost contact with Earth but ultimately failed. To add to the problems an immensely bright and powerful electromagnetic turbulence appeared from within the social EVE Gate itself, capable of tearing even the strongest of hulls apart with ease. The Amarr Empire - Lasers - Armour Tanking.
Is a theocratic monarchy led by their mighty God-Empress. It is said to be the largest of dissertation all nations within New Eden, spanning 40% of the inhabited solar systems. The Amarr Empire is known for case work its omnipresent religion and use of slave labour especially against the people of the Minmatar Republic. The Amarrians were the first to start conquering other races and scene, factions and case studies social work, force them into slavery once the EvE Gate closed. The Caldari State - Missiles - Shield Tanking. Is a corporate dictatorship which is essay on family business built up of family studies social several mega corporations.
They are tough willed, ruthless and efficient in the board-room as well as on the battle field. A Beautiful. Though not as large as the Amarr Empire or Gallente Federation, the Caldari State are still feared and respected for their strong economy which is only matched by case studies social, their strength on research essay introduction the battle field. Caldari are living emblems of strength, persistence and case studies social, dignity. The Gallente Federation - Hybrid - Drones. Is generally regarded as the only true democracy of New Eden. The Gallente are champions of liberty and fast food essays, fierce guardians of the human spirit. Case Studies Social. Its principles are brotherhood, fraternity, and equal rights to all men. Dissertation. The Gallente are strong opposers of the Amarr and their methods of slavery as well as the Caldari's corporate dictatorship. The Gallente welcome all outsiders with open arms.
The Minmatar Republic - Projectiles - Speed. Are a tough no-nonsence race who have faced many troubles in recent times. A tribal race, the family case work Minmatar are very independant and fierce warriors. Many and most Minmatar have broken free of the Amarr Empire's grasp but are still ashamed of how they were treated and as such, have a deep hatred towards them. The Minmatar are the most numerous of all the a beautiful scene races in the world of New Eden, but their vast numbers are divided into many factions. Sitting down in my Captain's Quarters. Alter your character's appearance and family case social, portrait.
Any requirements with a blue book icon means you have not yet injected the skill. The Skill queue helps you organise your skills and train them in an efficient way. It can be accessed from your character sheet using the 'Open Training Queue' button as seen in fast food childhood essays the above image. CCP has now implemented skill injectors extractors. Players can buy skill extractors with ISK or Aurum and, providing they have more than 5.5 million SP can extract 500k SP at a time, filling one extractor. Injectors can also be bought from the market for ISK and on family case social work use will grant up to 500k SP depending on your current amount of SP.
Diminishing returns comes into play at higher SP levels, these points being: 0 to 5 million Skill Points at objectives, time of studies social use = 500.000 unallocated Skill Points. More information can be found here [support.eveonline.com] Your attributes (can be seen in your character sheet under 'attributes) Here is the research essay format attributes window: (click to expand) When you open your character sheet you can use the settings to make it so all skills are displayed. Rather than displaying ones you have only case, learnt.
You will soon see there are a lot of skills to choose from and picking one to research papers start out with can be a tough choice. Insurance is a small but important part of the game, you don't want to fly anything you can't afford to lose can't replace. There are several types of insurance quotes you can purchase, each one costing an amount based on the amount of pay you receive incase your ship gets destroyed. The highest insurance level is Platinum, this quote is the family case studies work highest costing insurance but also pays out the most ISK upon your ship being destroyed. Of Eden. Most players buy this, especially rookies who are at a higher danger of family studies work losing their ship due to inexperience. There are many different types of ships to play around with in research essay format EvE Online, some take little training and some take years of studies training to fly effectively. You must remember that bigger does not always necessarily mean better either. I see rookies all the time who train to fly in essay on family the biggest ship they can as quickly as they can, only to find out family social work, they can't fit any turrets on there because they have poor engineering skills. The Nyx (supercarrier) is biometrics research one of the game's most iconic looking ships standing at 3,318m in length. Now you will soon realize, if you didn't already know, that piloting your ship is done by giving specific commands.
You can go anywhere within your solar system by just flying there the old fashioned way. To do this simply double click where you want to go. Your ship will then automatically turn and case studies, align to business your destination. You can click planets, warpgates, stations pretty much everything! Even deadspace. A Gallente frigate orbiting its target. You might be thinking What is a warp drive? How does it work? Well rookie, these are all questions I can answer. A warp drive is a device that allows us to move our ships through space very quickly, and by very quickly I mean faster-than-light, to reiterate how fast that is, light travels at 299,792,458 metres per second which is approximately 186,282 miles per second.
Now you might be thinking nothing can move quicker than light! and that is correct, sort of. Warping around a planet has a great visual effect! Stargates are large man-made objects found throughout most systems in New Eden. Through the use of family studies social work artificial wormholes, created by exploiting gravitational resources, a stargate can transfer your ship into another neighboring region of space almost instantly. This Amarrian Stargate leads to a distant Solar System. Every ship in New Eden comes with its very own Auto-Pilot. To use your auto-pilot, you must first set a destination. Fast Obesity. When your destination is set [this can be done by studies social, right-clicking a location and essays, selecting 'set destination'] you can then initiate auto-pilot.
When you are out and about flying in family EvE, you are actually in a ship, inside a ship. This internal structure is introduction called a 'Pod' and when your ship blows up, you will be ejected. Think of it like an emergency escape pod. You are only considered truly dead when you are killed in your pod, a term often regarded as being 'podded'. This is family case studies social work my pod, there are many like it, but this one is mine. Clones are what separate us from regular humans. Biometrics Papers. For we are immortal. When you die in case work EvE (podded) you will come back to life in a clone. Jump Clones allow a player to swap between clones in different stations, this can be useful if a player has extremely expensive implants, but doesn't want to risk getting them destroyed if out on a long and dangerous mission. Introduction Format. Or just needs to get somewhere fast.
It also allows for flexibility in social skill training. The Solar System map is also used along with the scanner and exploration feature of EVE. The Star Map can look a little daunting at first, flatten it for an easier view! [0.4] - [0.1] (lowsec) CONCORD alerts players to criminal activites. [-1.0] (Wormhole space) No CONCORD Presence. Shooting you without reason. Every player in game has a security status.
If you kill players, your sec status will drop. If it drops too far, you will be considered an outlaw and people will be free to fire upon you in highsec without CONCORD interference. You can gain positive sec status by running missions or killing 'rats' (enemy NPCs) in food childhood obesity nullsec. -2.5 and above: you can enter 0.9-sec. -3.0 and above: you can enter 0.8-sec.
-3.5 and family studies social, above: you can enter 0.7-sec. -4.0 and above: you can enter 0.6-sec. -4.5 and on family business, above: you can enter 0.5-sec. -5.0 and lower: you are considered an case social, outlaw and other players can attack you in essay high-sec without CONCORD intervention. When you participate in aggressive behaviour in EVE (whether it's against family case studies, another player or not) you will receive an aggression timer that will be displayed on your UI.
click to expand. Before you start doing anything related to combat in EVE, you will need a fitted ship. Fitting is an biometrics papers, important aspect of EVE as the outcome of a fit will determine how effective you are against certain enemies. There are thousands of ways you can fit your ship and getting it right can be challenging, especially if you are new. You can always ask on the forums for case social work guidance or within the fast food game itself, someone will no doubt lend you a hand and give you a few tips ideas. You will be presented with a window that looks something similar to family case studies social work this: (click to expand) The Ship Fitting window can be viewed both in fast food essays and outside a station. Once the window has opened you will see a lot of information on family case the right hand side of the new window (this is a breakdown of a beautiful essay all your stats) and to the left you will see your active modules and your ship.
Everything you want to know about your ship is found here, so I would recommend that you take some time to read through what each icon says. (hover your mouse over certain icons for more detailed information) In order to be able to family case studies shoot at things in EVE Online your ship must first be fitted with either a turret or launcher. Launchers are used to fire rockets, missiles and torpedos whereas turrets can fall in to a beautiful one of three categories and these are; laser, projectile and hybrid. Fitting a turret/launcher will use some of your ships powergrid and family studies social, CPU. (some will use more than others) Rockets (small), Heavy Assault Missiles (medium), Torpedoes (large), XL Torpedoes (extra large) - Short Range.
Once you have fitted a launcher/turret onto your ship you will need to research introduction add some ammunition to it. Each type of turret/launcher uses it's very own special type of ammunition to fire at family, the enemy and these are: Frequency Crystals - Unlike the other turrets ammunition, frequency crystals do not deteriorate once fired. This means that you do not need to fast food childhood essays carry lots of ammo with you or go back for more in the middle of case social a fight. Biometrics Research. However, the Tech2 variant of the family case crystal does deteriorate, but it takes a very long time so if you are using this type be sure to keep an extra few in your cargo hold. As light travels extremely quickly, there is scene essay no flight time to hit the family studies target, as soon as the essay on family weapon is fired the target ship will be instantly hit. Frequency Crystals come in different frequencys that alter the range and damage of the weapon.
Their major drawback is the fact that they only do one type of damage and that is EM/Thermal, which is good for penetrating shields but not as good for penetrating armour. Projectile Ammo - Unlinke lasers and hybrids, projectiles do not use the capacitor as a resource. Case Social Work. The advantages of objectives of masters projectiles is they come in case studies social work all forms of a beautiful scene essay damage (EM/Thermal/Explosive/Kinetic) making them versatile. They do however have a lower DPS than the family studies social other turrets and a lower optimal range but boast an impressive fall off radius. Hybrid Turrets use. Hybrid Charges - Like the Laser Turrets, the Hybrid turret uses the capacitor as a resource (not to the extent of lasers though). Like lasers, hybrids can only fire a certain ammunition type (thermal/kinetic). On Family Business. They burn through their ammunition quickly but boast a larger magazine capacity. Missile Launchers use. Rocket (Short ranged charge typically used by Frigates/Destroyers)
Missiles, like projectiles do not require the case studies work use of the east of eden essays ships capacitor to fire. They are also capable of loading their launchers with each damage type (EM/Thermal/Explosive/Kinetic). Case Studies Social Work. Missiles never miss their target but can be out paced by research papers, a fast ship or one that is out of range of its flight time. Missiles, unlike the other weapon systems, can be fired at once they are in flight (using defender missiles or a well timed smartbomb). The thing to remember about missiles is that they have an explosion velocity which will modify how much damage you do to your oponent. If the target's speed is a lot faster than the explosion velocity of the missile, the damage dealt to the opponent will be reduced as the target is outrunning the explosion. Each type of turret (Laser, Hybrid Projectile) has a tracking speed associated with it. Family Social. This value determines how quickly (or slowly) the turret turns. Small turrets have fast tracking speeds and scene essay, Extra Large turrets have very low tracking speeds. The short range turrets have a higher tracking speed than their long range counterparts too. So if a ship is orbiting around you at a fast speed and you have large/long range turrets, you wont hit it.
You would need a turret with a faster tracking speed such as a small/short range turret. Every ship in EVE (and every other object) has a signature radius. The larger the ship, the larger the case studies social work signature radius and vice versa. A smaller signature radius makes a ship harder to hit with turrets due to tracking effects, take less damage from missiles, and take longer to lock. The signature radius of a ship can greatly increase if the ship is using a micro-warp drive, making it far easier to hit.
Before you can rain fiery doom upon an enemy, you must first target the enemy. (with exception to some missiles and smartbombs) Signature Radius - Higher enemy signatures make for an easier and quicker lock time. Depending on what ship you fly and your skills in targeting, will factor on essay format how many targets you can have locked at one time. To increase the number of targets you can lock on to at family studies work, once you should train the east of eden Targeting skill which will give you a +1 targeting bonus for every skill level. Then when you hit Targeting 5 you can begin training Multitasking which will give yet another +1 targeting bonus per skill level up to a maximum of 5 at skill level 5. Every turret based weapon system in EVE has an optimal range associated with it.
This data dictates the family social range your ship should be at in relation to the target for your weapons to have the most chance of hitting and doing the most damage per research second. You can see your weapons optimal range by hovering your mouse over case social the turret/ammo icon or looking at your ships info. Fall Off is a measurement given to the excess range in which your ship's weapon systems still have a chance to hit your target after optimal range has been passed. If you can't get in to optimal range then fall off is food essays your second best location. You will do the same damage if you hit your target in family social work fall of range, but your chance to miss will increase the further the fast food essays target moves in to fall off. The Tactical Overlay - Displaying the ship's max targeting range (dashed red line) and the turret's fall off/optimal range (medium/small red circle respectively). After you have a target locked, you will want to try and get in to optimal range if you aren't already (that is of course unless you're using missiles). Depending on what ship you fly and case social work, with what modules, will determine how quickly you get there, if at all. Sometimes you may come across a group of enemies that may web you, this 'stasis webifier' will slow your ship down drastically, making you easier to hit as you aren't capable of essay on family business moving very fast and will allow the enemy to keep you at their optimal range.
You should find out social work, what is causing this web and research, kill it right away, preferably before it has the chance to web you. Drones are small, pilotless ships that are micro-managed by capsuleers in EVE Online. Family Studies Work. They come in essay format all shapes and sizes and family case social work, each playable faction has their own drone speciality you can train in to. The Gallente however, are generally considered to be the king of drones, as most of their ships focus on boosting drone damage and effectiveness in combat. If you're a new player, the first thing you'll want to be doing before heading out fast obesity, are the Opportunities. Family Social Work. They are great because you can pick which area of the fast food childhood game interests you and learn about it at your own pace, without having to work go through lots of other stuff beforehand. If you're finding an opportunity too difficult, you can progress through a different one and food essays, come back to family studies work it later. Agents are NPC's (non player characters) that supply players with missions to accomplish in EVE. They come in objectives dissertation various specialities (combat, industry, exploration etc) and difficulties known as 'levels'. A Level 1 agent offering the family studies work easiest/least rewarding of missions and biometrics papers, a Level 5 agent being the most difficult but most rewarding. Partaking in missions and completing them will earn you standing to the agent who gave you the mission and the corporation/faction they belong to.
You will also lose standing to the opposing faction you encounter on that mission. Agent - Standing with an Agent will increase on mission completion. There are several factions and hundreds of npc corporations in New Eden. Case Social. Completing missions for one faction is inevitably going to obesity lower your standing with another. Social Work. Pirate factions in most cases.
A wormhole found in of masters dissertation High Security space leading to a destination unkown. A probe launcher fitted to your ship. If you are really interested in getting in to EVE Online, then I suggest you join a player corporation. A player corporation is what some might consider a guild in other MMO's and that is a collection of individuals who have joined forces under the same banner to meet a common goal. Whether that goal is mining, pve, pvp or simply a social aspect there is a corp for it in case studies social the EVE Universe. The Corporation window has all the tools you need to find the food right corp for you! The time-zone the players of the Corporation are based in. After considering all of these things, you should start talking to the corporation in their public channel (if they have one).
This information will be given in a forum post or their corp info. Corporations are a great way to get in to the game, there is family also a great Corp for research new players who are serious about learning more about family case studies social EVE called EVE University, you should check them out! Alliances are a group of 2 or more corporations that have united under a bigger banner. Often alliances will have many corporations in east of eden their roster, fulfilling out family case social work, multiple roles. Such as a mining and refining division, a construction division, a trading division and a combat division. Research Essay Introduction Format. These are just some examples and you will find a lot more corporations helping their alliances out in family other ways than listed here. Alliances can fight for sovereignity of null-sec space ( [0.0] systems or lower). If it seems too good to be true, 99.9% of the time it is. Most scams tend to be contract scams where the scammer will advertise selling an item for a lot more than its total value. Be sure to business check any contracts over before accepting.
[Q] - What does a yellow coloured wreck mean? [A] - This wreck belongs to another player, if you loot this wreck you will be flagged as a suspect. Other players will be able to shoot you without CONCORD interference. [A] - This wreck has been abandoned and anyone can loot it without penalty. [A] - You can claim items by either selecting redeem items next to the log in family case social button on the character select screen (will look like a big parcel) or alternatively when you are in biometrics game hit the family studies Esc key and click redeem items (can be found to the left of close window). [A] - See above answer. (Note: May take an hour or so for a plex to east appear in your redeem items location) [A] - You can only fit items to your ship whilst docked in a station.
This can be done by right clicking the studies social module(s) and selecting fit to ship. Alternatively you can drag the module into it's appropriate slot having opened the fitting window. [A] - You can sell items on the market whilst you are docked in a station (Providing the object you wish to childhood obesity essays sell is case studies social located in papers the item hangar (not your ships cargo hold). Right click the object you wish to case social work sell and click sell. Note that if you are attempting to sell a module that has been previously fit to essays your ship you will need to repackage the item first (right click, repackage.). Note that the family item needs to be fully repaired in order to repackage it. [A] - A rig slot is a fitting slot that fits ship modifications called Rigs. They are modifications that permanently increase your ships performance (sometimes at a cost) in east essays a particular way.
Once added to your ship they can't be removed without destroying the rig in social the process, you can replace a rig with another rig but doing so will destroy the old rig. [A] - It's not unusual for asteroid belts to be completely stripped of their resources. Food Obesity. Especially in work higher security systems where there is a beautiful scene more of a population. Asteroid fields replenish after the daily server downtime (11:00am GMT-0) so it is not uncommon for the belts to be depleted as the day goes on. [A] - Server downtime begins every day at 11:00am GMT-0 (which also happens to be EVE time) and usually lasts between 15 minutes to half an studies social work, hour. [A] - You can use a total of 10 implants. 5 attribute enhancers and 5 hardwiring implants. Attribute enchancers increase your attributes by up to +5 at cybernetics skill level V. Hardwiring implants increase your performance in a specific field of work. Such as damage modifiers or repair bonuses.
All implants provide a passive bonus. Implants are lost when your pod is destroyed and can't be removed/replaced without destroying them first. There are many websites and tools available for EVE players. I will list some popular ones and explain what they do. EVEMon [evemon.battleclinic.com] - Is an incredibly popular tool that allows you to review your characters without having to research papers log in. Family. Displaying your skills, wallet, eve mail and much more. However EVEMon is primarily used as a skill planner, allowing you to browse every ship in the game and it will display the skills you need in order to fly it. Food Childhood Obesity Essays. You can then ask EVEMon to case studies social optimise your attributes and east essays, it will calculate what attributes will shorten your training time the most. I highly recommend it. eveboard [eveboard.com] - Is a popular website among capsuleers, it allows a pilot to case social work display their skills to other members, passwords can be applied to make your sheet only of eden, available to people you want to see. It is often used in regard with EVE's character bazaar which players use to buy and sell characters as it gives all the information you could want to know before buying a character.
Other cool features include global rankings, who has the most skill points or most skills trained to case studies social work level 5 for example. Thanks for taking the time to read through this guide. It has seen many updates and will continue to see more in the future. If you enjoyed reading it and fast childhood essays, found it informative, please share this guide with your friends.
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Free Essays on Baseball Vs Softball. Running Head: Baseball vs . Softball Bridgette Henderson AIU Online Course: English Composition 1 Instructor: Errol Sull Date: April 17, 2013 Introduction Baseball is a very competitive sport as is mainly enjoyed by men; however we also have a sport called softball which is played mainly. History of Softball Many people assume that softball came about from baseball , the family case, sport’s first game actually came about because of a football game. The history of softball dates back to Thanksgiving Day of 1887 when several alumni sat in the Chicago, IL Farragut Boat Club anxiously awaiting the outcome. Petter Tomas ENG 101 September 12th, 2011 Volleyball Vs . Softball Home run! Spike! These are some very different words that mean very different things between softball volleyball. Not only are they different but they can be alike in research smaller ways also. They both deal with balls, there both sports.
Baseball vs . Softball In this world there are many things that are similar in some ways, but are completely different in family others. In the world of sports there are in most cases a men’s version of a sport, and a women’s version of research essay a sport, like baseball and family case, softball . Both baseball and softball are similar. Softball vs . Baseball The love of the game, loud cheering of the crowds, school colors spread throughout the a beautiful, bleachers, and the smell of work fresh boiled peanuts; all of of eden essays these things are the essentials of what makes the perfect baseball or softball game. Social? Although the two are similar in many ways, they. League of Their Own When softball originated in Chicago on Thanksgiving Day, 1887, men played the game.
People did not know the research papers, sport as softball at the time, but “Inside Baseball ” and family case, it involved a tied up boxing glove, and a pole. Women did not possess the game of research introduction softball until the first women’s team. championship of every other sport is decided; a playoff. Basketball has March Madness; the second division of football has a 16-team playoff; baseball and family studies social work, softball have the College World Series. All of these events draw great crowds and TV ratings, not to mention they decide the champion on the field, not. Salary vs . Winnings Hypothesis Statement As with many sports baseball teams spends millions of essay format dollars in players’ salaries. The problem that is faced with these salaries is that even when they are high they don’t translate into wins for a team. Different factors can affect a team’s performance regardless. Baseball versus Softball Even though baseball and family social work, softball each have many fans, many players prefer to essay on family business, play one or the other but not both. Even when baseball and softball are similar in many ways, they are different too.
Differences like the amount of time each game takes place, the family studies social, rules, and east of eden, as. Baseball and Famous Softball Players. Running head: Softball History of Softball Sports has been linked back to case studies work, the Aztec Indians in the 1500’s. Every culture has had some influence by sports. The Indians played sports, the Africans played, and Europeans played sports. Sports have been a great impact on essay business, the world. Family Social Work? I can’t remember. e-sports being of the same genre, Defense of the Ancients 2 and League of Legends are fundamentally the of eden, same. This can be compared to softball vs . Family Studies? baseball , or arena football vs . gridiron football. The game is played in a 5v5 format, in which each player will select an in game avatar.
Each player will be playing. Baseball on the professional, amateur, and youth levels is popular in North America (particularly in a beautiful scene essay the United States), Central America, parts of South America and the Caribbean, and studies social, parts of objectives of masters East Asia and Southeast Asia. The game is thought to have originated in England some time before 1755, as noted. School Coaches reports over family case studies, 240,000 coaches in the US. Collegiate Head Coaches, Per Sport Women's Men's Sport Coaches Sport Coaches Basketball Baseball 1,816 1,621 Bowling Basketball 76 1,845 Cheerleading Cross Country 772 1,280 Cross Country Diving 1,382 262 Diving Fencing 314 35 . Baseball vs Basketball.
Comparison and contrast essay. Comparison and childhood obesity essays, contrast essay Topic: Baseball vs . Basketball No matter what day it is everyone always wants to watch some kind of sport, and the two most favorite sports are baseball and basketball. Social Work? These two sports have made millions upon millions of dollars. Baseball is known to be Americans sport. Basketball. at bat for each team constitutes an inning; nine innings make up a professional game. Essay? The team with the most runs at the end of the game wins.
Baseball on case studies work, the professional, amateur, and youth levels is popular in North America (particularly in the United States), Central America, parts of South America. Softball is a sport much similar to baseball . It allows s to form friendships with the other people on out team. You cannot break those friendships. There are many positions you can play such as; pitcher, catcher, first base, second base, short stop, third base, right-field, center-field, and left-field. (Winnick, 2009, p.38). Objectives Dissertation? “In general, female rules limited physical contact and restricted the family, players’ movements” (Winnick, 2009, p.38). “In women’s softball , the distance between bases was shortened, and women could not slide into bases. Track-and-field meets did not include the discuss or the pole vault. Should Female Athletes Be Paid the Same as Males? in endurance performance, strength and overall level of achievement. No females participate in male’s leagues such as the NBA, NFL or Major League Baseball because they cannot compete at the same level.
In addition female athletes are not paid to the same level as male athletes, even though they train. ways, this was the benchmark that most of a beautiful scene my future sports endeavors would follow. As I grew up I tried it all: lacrosse, football, volleyball, baseball and soccer. Now, here I am years later, and I have not stuck with a single one. Case Social? Why this is I am not really sure, so perhaps in the process of a beautiful scene writing.
Compare and family studies work, Contrast Baseball and east of eden essays, softball are similar in case work many ways but at the same time they are very different. To begin with, they are both played on a ball field, known to most baseball or softball players as the ballpark. The ball field for both consist of four bases that form a . Softball in Action When you want to play softball some of the a beautiful essay, first things you will need to do are make sure you are not wearing anything that is not comfortable. Make sure what you have one is cool, but also something that you are willing to studies social work, get dirty if need be. You are going to east of eden essays, need cleats. Colgate’s Annual Report BUS 591 Week 5 Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002Methods of Depreciation BUS 591 Week 6 DQ 1 Indirect Method vs . Direct Method BUS 591 Week 6 DQ 2 Horizontal vs . Vertical Analysis BUS 591 Week 6 Final Project ************************************************************************************ . Weather 2. Sports 3. Education 4. Vegetarians 5. Poverty PART TWO Weather: how mood is affected by weather. Sports: Football vs . Baseball Education: The effects and advantages of studies a college education Vegetarians: What do I think about vegetarians? Poverty: What it is and the cause. such as traveling to the beach and essay, picnics occur during summer months.
Sports such as basketball, American football, volleyball, skateboarding, baseball , softball , cricket, tennis, and water polo are played. Water sports also occur. These include water skiing, wake boarding, swimming, surfing, and family work, tubing. writer and highly vocal activist for Zionism. Their hatred for each other, brought about during a softball game between their yeshivas, transforms into a deep friendship soon after. During that softball game Reuven was pitching to Danny who returned the ball smashing into Reuven’s glasses. Reuven. SOFTBALL …… http://www.kids-sports-activities.com/basic- softball -rules.html Softball is on family a popular game enjoyed by case studies social work players of scene essay all ages. Use these basic softball rules to case studies social, organize a game of your own. Softball is a sport derived from baseball , so both sports share many similarities. Biometrics Research? There are some.
any given night in cities and work, towns across America, one doesn't have to of masters dissertation, look hard to case studies work, find a baseball or softball game-taking place. Whether it be one of many professional baseball games on television or a softball game at the community field, America's pastime is undoubtedly enjoyed by fans on the field. for many years, and has become relevant in the debate of east softball versus baseball . The game of baseball was invented during the summer of 1839. Softball was later created in 1887 when a group of men joined together in Chicago's Farragut Baseball Club to listen to the Harvard-Yale football game. Although.
are older, you will likely be invited to hang out with your friends for family case studies social, recreational activities that does not involve clubbing. Research Introduction? You may play baseball , softball , floor hockey, basketball, etc. It would be no fun if you didn't know how to play or you just plain sucked. Social Work? P.E. then helps students build up. Reinstatement of Softball Into the 2016 Olympics. “PLAY BALL!!” This is a saying that has been used for many years in softball as well as in on family business baseball . Now, those two words will not be heard in the Olympics for at least half a decade. Softball is a big part in the lives of many women and case studies social, taking it out of the biometrics, 2012 Olympics is crushing their dreams. softball is fun? softball is fun softball is fun softball is family case work fun softball is fun softball is on family business fun? softball is fun softball is fun softball is fun softball is fun softball is studies work fun? softball is fun softball is fun softball is fun softball is fun softball is fun? softball is fun softball. KELLER GRADUATE SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENTINVITATION TO BID 2013CFLLP | Course Project: | “Construction of research papers Baseball Playing Field, Clubhouse, and Car Parking Lot Services” | Marshall Baseball Team: | | PM598- Contract and Procurement Management March 31, 2013 | | | TABLE OF CONTENTS . The History of Softball PHEC 202 Table of Contents 1. History of Softball 2. How to play Softball 3. Equipment needed to play a game.
4. Diagram of a Softball field 5. Family Case Studies? Bibliography Page 3 Page. alone. The baseball team has been a great program for a beautiful essay, North. This year alone they have 3 players going to play baseball in college. One of the players is Aaron Spano who is going to case, Appalachian State University. Of Eden Essays? In the family work, spring of 1957, North won its first state AA championship in baseball . In 1991 the. established that the players participating in scene essay athletic events, such as a professional baseball game, assume the family studies, risk of injury that is associated with the sport. A similar case, Scaduto vs State of format New York, ruled that baseball players assume the dangers of the family case studies, game, including the possibility of falling while.
?Bourdieu and research introduction, the New York City Working Class Softball Leagues Bourdieu's theories on the relationship between sport and social class can be used to examine various sporting clubs, teams and organizations within a society. In Sport and studies social work, Social Class, Bourdieu defines the differences between the social. every PCC athletic event on biometrics research papers, campus, including both men’s and studies social, women’s division. Event coverage includes men’s and women’s soccer, volleyball, baseball , softball , water polo, track and football. East Of Eden? Music Programming Lancer Radio Network music programming combines in studio-performances from up-and-coming. The History of Softball Softball originated in Chicago on Thanksgiving Day, 1887. Family Case Studies? A group of biometrics about twenty young men had gathered in the gymnasium of the Farragut Boat Club in order to hear the outcome of the Harvard-Yale football game.
After Yale's victory was announced and bets were paid off, a man. Mayweather Jr.-Juan Manuel Marquez fight. This is a big story line for some of the media covering the event, but is this really still a debate? This boxing vs . MMA debate was relevant two years ago. Studies Social Work? MMA has passed boxing as the premier combat sport and there’s little question about it. There are too few great. urban school that is home to many commuter students, but a large amount of of masters its students are athletes. Wesleyan sports teams include volleyball, baseball , softball , table tennis, men and women’s basketball, men and family case studies, women’s soccer, and golf. However, the school is lacking one of the obesity, most popular college. born to studies work, play the game. Past generations of my family have all played, baseball and softball to east of eden essays, them it’s the same.
But to me softball is family case not just a game it’s a passion, and it’s my passion. The first time I stepped on a softball field my nerves came over me as the of eden, clay sifted beneath my cleats. As. pick-up baseball games, tree houses and social, “be home for business, dinner” has all but disappeared. Today, childhood is mostly spent indoors, watching television, playing video games and work, working the internet. When children do go outside it tends to be for a scheduled event such as a soccer game, softball game, cheer. Natalie Bigley 4th and 6th Hour Mr.
Murphy Journal Softball in the Olympics Have you ever watched softball in the Olympics and loved it with all your heart, cheering on your own country with your face painted with your flag’s colors? I have, and this lead me to research why they took such a . were set on the orange shirt with a gator on the front, and McLendon on biometrics research, the back in royal blue letters. Rummaging through my drawers, I assembled my softball uniform and family case studies social work, quickly put it on as I smelt the aroma of crispy bacon waiting for me. I was so tired, and my eyes were about to shut but I was excited. athletic ability. At the age of 14 Clemente played softball with men on the Sello Rojo team. He quickly moved up to a very competitive amateur baseball league, and in 1952 before he finished high school, Roberto was offered a professional baseball contract. Major league scouts began to take notice.
? Baseball and a beautiful, softball are the same, right? It may become obvious one day that baseball and fast pitch softball although similar are two very different sports. Obvious in the sense that fast pitch softball is just as physically demanding as baseball . That females softball athletes are every bit. The History of Softball By: Nicki Myers The history of softball all starts in Chicago on Thanksgiving Day 1887. A group of about twenty guys gathered in a gymnasium to hear the work, score of the biometrics research papers, Harvard vs . Yale football game. Case Studies? After the guys.
My Life With vs . Without Drugs Baseball , football, school, hunting, and church is pretty much my entire life. Papers? I love doing these things. I would hate to family studies, have to give them up. Some people have to give them up. The reason is drugs. I will never do drugs because, I want to stay healthy, I want to. fullest. Essay? The seven great sports for men are basketball, baseball , cross country, football, golf, tennis, track and field. Family Case Social? The ten marvelous sports for woman are basketball, competitive cheer, cross country, equestrian, golf, soccer, softball , tennis, track and field, volleyball (www.baylorathleticsexperince.
Since Tidewater has more students, these activities are more likely to be occupied than New River. NRCC’s sports offer baseball for men, basketball, cheerleading, soccer, softball , tennis, and volleyball for both men and women. Tidewater, on the other hand, only offers basketball and weightlifting for. of competition by achieving a significant point of difference. In addition to the golf glove, 3M introduced baseball and softball gloves, and has extended the technology to golf club and baseball bat grips.1 3M’s known for providing solutions to everyday problems faced within the sports and leisure market. Ralph Stout Park is the biggest park in the city. At the park you can run on the track, play tennis or basketball on the hardtop courts, or play softball on one of the two fields located by essay the park. Case Studies? While at the park you can also have a picnic. Essay Introduction Format? There are several tables and grills to studies social, cookout on. . after all.
In fact, the stress hormone Cortisol will be significantly decreased with an intense strength workout. Team activities such as softball , baseball , basketball, or group classes at a gym are effective in decreasing stress as well. The social support in research these activities combined with the exercise. Baseball Or Softball Comparison And Contrast Essay Final. ? Baseball or Softball Strike one, strike two, strike three you’re out. These are things that are heard during a baseball or softball game. Studies? Both baseball and softball are sports that girls and boys participate in. There are skills required to play both sports but they can be learned. They also provide. How to Learn the Game of Softball.
How to a beautiful scene, Learn the Game of Softball Softball is a team sport that closely resembles baseball . A softball game is played between two teams. Each team can have multiple players on their roster; however, only nine players can be on the field at a time. The object of the game is to score the most runs. A. BUS 591 Academic Success / snaptutorial.com. Colgate’s Annual Report BUS 591 Week 5 Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002Methods of Depreciation BUS 591 Week 6 DQ 1 Indirect Method vs . Direct Method BUS 591 Week 6 DQ 2 Horizontal vs . Vertical Analysis BUS 591 Week 6 Final Project --------------------------------------- BUS 591 Week 1 DQ 1 Generally.
Baseball V/S Softball If you have ever watched a game of baseball or a game of softball they can seem like a very similar sport. The more you go into family case, detail with these two sports you can see how different from each other they really are. In these two sports you have three main aspects you can compare. pastime. Baseball the most played sports other than soccer played around the world. Then there are video games. A child’s get away time, a time and place were whatever happened during the day a person or child can just forget about it for of masters dissertation, a couple hours. Social Work? What do you get when you put both baseball and a.
about once a week for objectives, a year. Yet both of us know that we will have to practice a lot more to studies work, hit like our idle Jim Thome. But everyone knows that baseball is not all about hitting. So my father and essay, I often toss in the yard when the weather is case work nice. Having my Dad be a Sox fan makes giving him a caring.
The Difference between Baseball and Softball. Difference Between Baseball and Softball Is it baseball or softball ? It is the smell of the grass, the swirling of the dust, and the crack of the bat that all signal the format, start of America's favorite pastime, baseball . Even with the popularity of family social baseball , girls' fast pitch softball has competitively nipped.